Comparative HistoryPart 1: Conquering & Settling the West Part 2: The Great Depression By Jessica Jefferson History 141
Conquering & Settling the WestAfter the Civil War millions of American rushed Westward to develop farms, ranches, mines, cities, and all the supporting infrastructure. During this expansion, the American people came into contact with the Natives of the land. Conflict arose and the Federal Government set about to fix the problem by confining the local Indians to reservations. This move was met with resistance from many tribes.
Conquering & Settling the WestTakeover of the Indians land bythe white person was notconfined to the U.S.; CanadianNational Governments weredoing the same, although theyexperienced far less Indian-White violence. Both the U.S.and Canada aimed at integratingexisting Indians intosociety, telling them when andwhat to do, and even usingboarding schools with Indianchildren to try and wean themfrom their native culture.
Conquering & Settling the West Tension mounted and battles occurred across the land. Significant confrontations took place in the central plains between Custer and the Sioux Indian tribes. Canada seemed toavoid such extreme violence and worked with some Indian tribes to suppress the treat of U.S. expansion into their territory.
Conquering & Settling the West Both the U.S. and Canada elected to use schools as a way totransform the Indian population. Hopes were to erase the Native’s culture and produce functional members of White society.Resistance of the side of the Indians occurred in both Nations, and the enforced schooling became largely unsuccessful.
Conquering & Settling the West Hostile takeover of Indian land and culture was not the only negative aspect of the settlement of the West. Aggressive expansion along with industrial capability built cities in places where there were no people, and then necessitated that people fill them, regardless of want or need. Cities such as Billings Montana coldly resembled Karaganda, Kazakhstan.
The Great Depression Depression during the 1920’s was not confined to America. Itsimpact was much wider spread, impacting all the great Nations of the world.
The Great DepressionA variety of causes for the depression can be speculated:• Europe’s WWI debt.• Overproduction of agriculture.• Failure of U.S. to step up to world banking demands.• Poor international policies.
The Great DepressionImpacts:• 11,000 American banks failed.• 13,000,000 people became un-employed.Government intervention was necessitated by these conditions. The New Deal in America, and land reform in Mexico were responses to this need.
The Great Depression The Great Depression came to see the rise of two powerful Nation leaders, Roosevelt and Hitler, eachforever impacting the world. Both leaders emphasized “energy and commitment”, and used work programs,youth camps, farm subsides, and advocated for government supervised interaction between laborers and business establishments.
The Great DepressionAlthough neither leader was successful in putting an end to thedepression, their tactics did see the countries through the worst part of its years. For both Nations war would eventually put an end to this dark period of their existence.