CALIFORNIA A History By Jessica Jefferson History - 141
Queen Calafia’s Island Chapter 1California began in myth. Garci Ordonez de Montalvo wrote Las Sergas de Esplandian, which told of the Spainsh explorers “Californians.” These people were black inspired by these Amazons led by Queen Calafia. They rode stories began in 1539 to griffins and lived in a land filled with call a land recently precious stones and metals. discovered California.
Queen Calafia’s Island Chapter 1The state of California has itsshore along the pacificocean, is 158,693 squaremiles, and home to mountainranges, plains, deserts andforests. It is very geologically active, having multiple large faults such as the San Andreas, Garlock, and San Jacinto lines. California has the lowest point on the continent, located in Death Valley, at 282 feet below sea level.
Queen Calafia’s Island Chapter 1 The abundance of flora and fauna provided more than enough for these people to sustain themselves, and most were not warlike in their relationships with one another. They had highly developed internal cultures infused with art and rituals.Native Americans livedacross the land, existingin 22 distinct families,and speaking 135different languages.
Laws Of The Indies Chapter 2In 1535 Cortez arrived in Baja California during the final years of his New World career, hoping to find riches, and named the area Santa Cruz. European contact was made with the land in 1542, when Cabrillo anchored ship in San Diego Bay.
Laws Of The Indies Chapter 2The Jesuits, being aninternationalorganization with far-reaching influence, ledby Eusebio FranciscoKino and Juan Maria deSalvatierra, went towork establishing theirorder in California. 18missions were built inBaja California.
Laws Of The Indies Chapter 2In 1765 Spain determined theJesuits had too much control overCalifornia, and sent Galvez toorganize the settlement byexpulsion of the Jesuits. Uponcompletion of this, the SacredExpedition to explore the state waslaunched and met with vastdifficulties but did succeed inestablishing the mission frame workthat made habituating the areapossible.
Regulation, Railroad, and Revolution Chapter 5Motivation for a transcontinental railroad came from desires tobetter be connected with the rest of the Union to the East ofCalifornia and fear of the West being cutoff and isolated in theevent of invasion from the English and Confederacy.Because of this by 1861California senatorsJames McDougall andMilton Latham were onboard with the CentralPacific Railroad project.
Regulation, Railroad, and Revolution Chapter 5Collis P. Huntington, Mark Hopkins, Leland Stanford, and CharlesCrocker formed the enterprise for this project. Starting with only $15,800, the profit over the next decades would reach $200million. Chinese labor was the source for the completion of this task second only to the Great Wall of China.
Regulation, Railroad, and Revolution Chapter 5 The following decades were not good. Chinese were seen as scapegoats for state and national problems. Bank failures and stock schemes drained California of capitol. 154,000 impoverished migrants came to occupy the state, while actualland ownership was reserved for only a very few, very rich men. This is how California entered the 1800s.