BrazilNation Report-Part 1 By Jessica Jefferson History 141
GeographyMaking up almost half of South America, Brazil is home to many amazing geographic features. One of the longest and most famous of our worlds rivers, the Amazon, runs throughout it’s tropical climate.Rain forests in Brazilmake up for almost half ofthe worlds total tropics.
Geography The Pico da Neblina is Brazil’s highest point, reaching 9,823 ft. Pico da Neblina National Park is bordered by Serrania de laNeblina National Park in Venezuela. Together these parks total more than 80,000 km². The geology of Brazil is very old, Precambrian crust makes up the central one third of thelandmass. Waterfalls, highlands, and an extensive river systems make for a diverse landscape.
GeographyDue to its climate, Brazil is able to produce up to 70million tons of grain crops in a year. But rapid clearingof the rain forest does not leave for sustainable soils.Efforts have beenmade to reducedeforestation andrestore naturalvegetationin many areas.
People Brazils people are diverse. Several distinct ethnic groups inhabit the area in addition to the natives.• Portuguese • Chinese• Africans • Paraguayans• Europeans • Bolivians• Arab• Japanese• Koreans
People The diversity is a result of several mass immigrations during different periods. Portuguese, Italian, Spanish, and even German arrived during the 19th and 20th centuries in what is referred to as the Great Immigration.
PeopleRaces in Brazil are often tied to geographic areas. Europeanimmigration was heavier in the Southern portion of the regionresulting in a higher percentage of whites within this area. TheNorthern and Northeastern regions, however, have a muchmore mixed race make-up.The most diverseregion is theSoutheastern portionof Brazil, home to theoldest Portuguesesettlement in theAmericas.
HistoryPeople first came to Brazil across the Bering Land Bridge.Fossil evidence points to at least 8000 years of habitationprior to European arrival. During the 1500s severalexplores visited Brazil. Duarte Pacheco Pereira, PedroAlvares Cabral, and Vicente Yanez Pinzon, to name a few.
HistoryIt was Pedro Alvares Cabral, in command of thePortuguese fleet, who in 1500, claimed the landfor Portugal. From the 16th through the 19thcenturies, Brail would remain under Portuguesecommand.
HistoryPortuguese surrendered Brazil in 1823 as a result of the the Brazilian Independence war. The first Emperors faced many challenges, and in 1889 republican government was established. Dictatorship and military rule preceded the first Brazilian president in 1989, Fernando Collor de Mello. Brazil’s biggest problem today is it’s uneven distribution of wealth. Programs such as Fome Zero (Zero Hunger) work to help those in need.
Sources• Geography of Brazil From Wikipedia, the free encyclopediahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geography_of_Brazil• Pico da Neblina From Wikipedia, the free encyclopediahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pico_da_Neblina• Race and ethnicity in Brazil From Wikipedia, the free encyclopediahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Race_and_ethnicity_in_Brazil• Independence of Brazil From Wikipedia, the free encyclopediahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brazilian_War_of_Independence#The_Independence_War