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Rio de janeiro
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Rio de janeiro
Sep 09, 2010
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Transcript of "Rio de janeiro"
1. Rio De Janeiro<br />By: Jessica Bakken<br />History<br />
History<br /><ul><li>Europeans first discovered Guanabara Bay January 1, 1502 hence Rio de Janeiro or “January River”
A Portuguese explorer named Gaspar de Lemos was the captain of the ship sailed by the Europeans
At the time the region was inhabited by the Tupi, Puri, Botocudo and Maxakali people
In 1555, another island of Guanabara Bay was occupied by roughly 500 French colonists whom desired to take over Rio de Janeiro
The city was properly founded on March 1, 1565
In the late 17th century, the Bandeirantes found gold and diamonds in a nearby city which caused Rio de Janeiro to become a place for exporting wealth</li></ul>Avenida Rio Branco<br />
History (continued)<br /><ul><li>In the early 18th century the city was threatened or invaded by mostly French pirates and buccaneers
In 1763, the colonial administration of Portuguese America moved from Salvador to Rio de Janeiro
The city remained a colonial capital until 1808 when the Portuguese royal family and Lisbon nobles fled from Napoleon’s invasion of Portugal and moved there
There was not enough space to accommodate the hundreds of noblemen therefore many inhabitants were evicted from their homes
By 1819 there were 145,000 African slaves and in 1840, 220,000 people</li></ul>Slave Trade Market<br />
History (continued 2)<br /><ul><li>In 1822, Prince Pedro proclaimed the independence of Brazil and decided to have Rio de Janeiro as the capital
It remained the capital up until 1889 where the monarchy was replaced by a republic
Until the early years of the 20th century the city was known as a historic downtown business district
However the beaches beauty combined with the fame of the Copacabana Palace Hotel it got the reputation as a beach party town
It continually held that reputation until recently where its reputation became tarnished due to the violence from narcotics trade
However the city will be hosting the 2016 Olympic games</li></ul>Copacabana Palace Hotel<br />