Philippine Literature After EDSA Revolution


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Philippine Literature after EDSA Revolution, 1986 to 1995

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Philippine Literature After EDSA Revolution

  1. 1. Literature After EDSA Revolution (1986 – 1995) REPORTED AND PREPARED BY: Ma. Bernadeth Garcia Jessa Laure Anne Palo Sarah Jane Badua Alexandra Jane Banister Richard De Jesus
  2. 2. 1986 EDSA Revolution • The year 1986 demarcates the beginning of new scene in the unfolding narrative of contemporary Philippine Literature. – It saw the fall of the dictatorship that President Marcos set up on September 21, 1972, when he placed the Philippines under martial rule, initiating a regime that did not only suppress the writers’ right to free expression but also created conditions that made collaboration and cooptation convenient choices for artists struggling for recognition and survival.
  3. 3. – Writing under the Martial Law Regime was characterized by militancy and belligerence, even when it showed up in the legal press. Especially after the assassination of Ninoy Aquino in 1983, the temper of poetry and theatre derived much of its heat and direction from the political culture of the underground national democratic movement. 1986 EDSA Revolution
  4. 4. • However, when the enemy were overthrown in 1986, the literary activity showed a certain disorientation manifesting itself in a proliferation of concerns taken up by individual writers and groups. 1986 EDSA Revolution
  5. 5. • Post EDSA: 2 Creative Writing centers o Academic institutions where Creative Writing is a part of the curricular offerings. o Writers’ organizations that periodically sponsor symposia on writer and/or set up workshops for its members and other interested parties  Through these centers that writers get to hear about new developments in writing, and derive enthusiasm for their crafts. 1986 EDSA Revolution
  6. 6. Writers’ Organizations • UMPIL (Unyon ng mga Manunulat ng Pilipino) • PANULAT (Pambansang Unyon ng mga Manunulat) • Panday Lipi • GAT (Galian sa Arte)
  7. 7. Writers’ Organization • Katha • LIRA (Linangan sa Imahe, Retorika at Anyo) • GUMIL (Gunglo Dagiti Manunurat nga Ilokano) • LUDABI (Lubas sa Dagang Bisaya) • PEN ( Pen, Essay and Novel)
  8. 8. Post EDSA • La Tondeña, sponsors of the venerable Carlos Palanca Memorial Awards in Literature, has made the name “Palanca” a synonym for quality literary works in both English and Filipino. • The National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCAA) was created by law in 1992. It has a Committee on Literary Arts which funds workshops, conferences, publications and a variety of projects geared towards the production of a “national literature”. The committee has the aim of developing writing that is multi-lingual, multi-cultural, and truly national.
  9. 9. Post EDSA • Non-governmental organizations have helped hand in hand with some institutions in giving recognition to writers from specific sectors in the society. These NGO's includes the Amado V. Hernandez Foundation; the GAPAS foundation, and the KAIBIGAN. • Campus publications are another group of outlet that is of importance as a source of non-traditional, experimental writing. These campus publications could either be a weekly student newspapers, quarterly magazines, or annual literary journals.
  10. 10. Post EDSA • Overall, the character of the Philippine literary scene after "EDSA" maybe pinpointed be referring to the theories that inform literary production, to the products issuing from the publishers, to the dominant concerns demonstrated by the writers' output, and to the direction towards which literary studies are tending.
  11. 11. Characteristics of Post EDSA Literature 1. There is in the academe an emerging critical orientation that draws its concerns and insights from literary theorizing current in England and the United States 2. Post-EDSA publishing has been marked by adventurousness, a willingness to gamble on "non-traditional" projects. 3. The declining prestige of the New Criticism, whose rigorous aesthetic norms has previously functioned as a Procrustean bed on which Filipino authors and their works were measured, has opened a gap in the critical evaluation of literary works. 4. The fourth and final characteristic of post-EDSA writing is the development thrust towards the retrieval and the recuperation of writing in Philippine languages other than Tagalog.
  12. 12. Characteristics of Contemporary Literature • English and Filipino continue to be the major media of literature. • Literature as a venue for socio-politico-economic-religious discussions and a vehicle for personal thoughts and feelings has become more marked. • Literary themes cover a wide range of subjects most outstanding among which are existentialism and the search for identity in varying levels and settings, deception and violence perpetuated by those in power, grinding poverty especially in the country-sides and in some cities, nationalism, tenant-landlord relationship, human rights violation and the search for the desaparecidos, and the Filipino diaspora and the experiences of overseas Filipino workers(OFWs) and migrants. • The Anglo-American tradition, which includes the free verse and the blank verse, gained acceptance among writers.
  13. 13. Characteristics of Contemporary Literature • The Euro-Hispanic tradition was blended with the tradition of propaganda and revolutionary literature to become a truly Filipino tradition. • The ‘60s and the ‘70s saw the resurgence of cause-oriented literature. This militancy, although markedly toned down, has continued to the present. • Further development of regional literatures has been given a stronger impetus through the inclusion of regional literary masterpieces in the college curriculum. • Filipino writers have become more conscious of their craft as shown by the regular conduct of writing workshops (Godinez- Ortega 6).
  14. 14. Contemporary Literary Types • Modern Poetry – This is a new style of poetry writing in Tagalog, a deviationfrom the highly rimed, declamatory tradition known for many centuries. • Modern Short Story – These are stories set in the Philippines in the English language • The Novel • Essay • Drama
  15. 15. Short Stories • Ang Pinakahuling Kwento ni Huli (The Very Last Story of Huli) – Lilia Quindoza Santiago • The Execution – Charlson Ong • Kabilang sa mga Nawawala (Among the Disappeared) – Ricardo Lee • Geyluv – Honorio De Dios