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Lecture 14 peer review

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  • 1. Peer Review Pamela A. Bentley PhD Student February 10, 2012
  • 2. Lecture Outline
    • What is peer review?
      • How to identify a peer reviewed article
      • Examples of peer reviewed articles vs. popular press
    • The Process
    • Why is it important?
  • 3. Morey, A., A. Garner, F. Faruque, and G. Yang. 2011Evolutionary trends in peer review. J Allied Health 40(3):156-160.
  • 4. Peer Reviewed Article vs A Review Article……..Yikes!
    • Yes! They are different
    • Peer Reviewed Article:
      • Original Research Article (graphs, figures, tables)
      • Peer review is a process
    • A Review Article
      • A paper which summarizes many other articles
      • No original research done by the authors
      • Also undergoes Peer Review
      • TONS of references!
  • 5.
    • Footnotes and references
    • Diagrams, charts, tables
    • Written by a scholar or specialist in the field
    • Articles report on original research or experimentation
    • Published by professional associations
    • Use terminology associated with the discipline
    Peer Reviewed Articles http://www.ryerson.ca/library/ref/peer.html
  • 6. Peer Review vs. Popular Press
    • Peer Review
      • More technical jargon
      • Aimed at a specific audience
      • Primary data
    • Popular Press
      • More approachable
      • General audience
      • Sold in stores
  • 7. Examples: Peer reviewed
  • 8.  
  • 9. Examples: Popular Press
  • 10. How to Find a Peer Reviewed Journal?
  • 11. What they look like
  • 12.  
  • 13. Peer Review (scholarly or refereed)
    • Evaluation of a document by experts in the field before it is published
      • Assessment of quality of research
        • Did they conduct the correct experiments
        • Use appropriate techniques/technologies , controls, models
        • Is this research novel to the field
      • Validity of results
        • Did the authors over interpret
      • Suggestions for improvement
        • Additional experiments
        • Removal of data (for clarity)
      • Grammatical/stylistic
        • Hopefully NOT!
      • Appropriateness for the Journal
        • Level of knowledge
        • Context
  • 14. Who Does the Reviewing?
    • Reviewer selection: This process is journal specific
    • May included:
      • Peers
      • Authors who publish in that journal
        • Based on field of Expertise
        • Scientific reputation
        • Specific recommendations/or people who you would prefer not to review your article
    • The reviews are ALWAYS anonymous
      • Why is this important?
    • Most professors review for 2-3 journals (at least)
      • This, however, is not part of their job description and they receive no compensation for it.
  • 15. Is every paper published?
    • Accept, with or without editorial revisions
    • Invite the authors to revise their manuscript
    • Reject, but indicate to the authors that further work might justify a resubmission
    • Reject outright
    NO!
  • 16. Morey, A., A. Garner, F. Faruque, and G. Yang. 2011Evolutionary trends in peer review. J Allied Health 40(3):156-160.
  • 17. Are there Ethical Concerns to the Peer Review Process?
  • 18. Why is Peer Review Important?
    • Quality Control
    • Continual Improvement of the field
    • Self Assessment
    Improving the improvement process
  • 19. How will YOU use this info?
    • Know how to identify a peer reviewed journal/paper
    • Understand that publication is a collective / rigorous process
    • Begin to see that information in popular press ≠ scientific findings
  • 20. Activity
    • Tweet your thoughts on Peer Review.
    • Use the popular press to find research finding of interest
      • Eg: Vitamin D deficiency in cancer patients
    • Find a peer reviewed article on the same topic.
  • 21. Resources/Images Used
    • http://graphics217b.files.wordpress.com/2011/04/best-magazine-covers101.jpeg
    • http://www.scientificamerican.com/media/cover/cover_2008-08.jpg
    • http://a903.phobos.apple.com/us/r30/Newsstand/v4/39/e9/8a/39e98ab1-bc96-0b78-9523-bd71e66db72b/seo_cw_product.png
    • http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v478/n7368/images/cover_nature.jpg
    • http://undsci.berkeley.edu/images/us101/peerreview.gif
    • http://i181.photobucket.com/albums/x176/weirdscience_photos/PeerReviewCartoon.jpg
    • http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcR4jz1Eg2dsCvMi-mrQJ9RCOXVMrkRYgFhqmdxHCDFok2O0f6za