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Lecture 10: Organizing Speeches, Courtney Hughes
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Lecture 10: Organizing Speeches, Courtney Hughes


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  • The first two are SO important! Briefly ask and then discuss why!
  • Play example of an icebreaker.
  • Gym membership, healthy living and nutrition all share common theme - human physical and mental health
  • Transcript

    • 1. Organization of Speeches Guest Lecture: Courtney Hughes MEd, BSc, BEd
    • 2. Why is it Important?
      • A Speech is a logical flow of thoughts or ideas that support one main topic
      • Public Speaking is a powerful skill
        • Jobs often always require good communication skills
        • Even in a technologically sophisticated world, the basics are still important
    • 3. Types of Speeches
      • Entertaining
      • Informative
      • Motivational
      • Educational
      • Promotional
    • 4. Delivery Formats
      • Impromptu – responsive
      • Extemporaneous – broad outline
      • Scripted
      • Memorization
    • 5. Organizing Speeches: BIG ideas
      • Know your topic!
      • Know your audience!
      • Practice, practice, practice!
      • Have fun!
    • 6. Three parts to a speech
      • Introduction - the “hook.”
      • Body - the largest section with the majority of information.
      • Conclusion - bringing it all together and wrapping it up.
    • 7. Introductions
      • Can be formal or informal
        • Icebreakers can reduce tension and anxiety, putting you and audience at ease
        • Take a chance since most people will forget about it soon (if audience is appropriate to take such a chance)
        • Example:
    • 8. Introductions
      • Introduce yourself - just a few words
      • Introduce your topic and how you connect to it
        • What’s the point? Why should the audience care?
        • BUT get to the point concisely and quickly!
      • Provide an overview of what you will discuss and why
        • Stay focused!
    • 9. Body
      • Requires consideration and some imagination in organizing
        • Decide whether you are using a descriptive or factual approach
      • Concepts or themes can be used to provide structure and unite thoughts.
        • Example: Human physical and mental health and the importance of nutrition on health and what having a gym membership can do for you
    • 10. Body: Organizers
      • Organizers make it easier to provide continuity between intro, body and conclusions
      • Examples relevant to your topic:
        • Issues
        • Problems and Solutions
        • Timelines
    • 11. Body: Transitions
      • Pauses and transition phrases
        • These let your audience know when one point ends and the next begins
        • Example:
        • What are ecosystem services?
        • (provide info)
        • Why are they important?
        • (provide info)
        • How does ecosystem services relate to environment management?
        • (provide info)
        • Who is effected by decisions made related to ecosystem services and environmental management?
        • (provide info)
    • 12. Body: Content
      • Repetition can be a powerful tool if used wisely
        • If possible, wrap your speech around a signature phrase
        • Example: Speech on butchering as a skilled trade
          • “ the meat, the method and the meal…”
      • Rhetoric devices can be memorable
          • Alliteration: f ascinating f lora
          • Metaphor: colors so bright even the darkest mood was lifted
    • 13. Conclusion
      • Restate the purpose and review supporting points
      • Close with a powerful line that is compelling, if possible
      • (and remember to enjoy yourself!)
    • 14. Example of using “three supporting points”
      • “ How Dance Helped Me In the Real Estate Business.”
      • Opening : 20 lbs and nine years ago, I was a dancer…which leads into stating 3 dance principles that helped me in the real estate business.
      • Body:
      • Principle 1 : Practice Perfect Performance
      • Principle 2 : Visualize the Result You Desire
      • Principle 3 : Get Out and See the People
      • Conclusion : restate three principles
    • 15. Toastmaster Tips…
      • Know your material
      • Know the audience
      • Know the venue
      • Practice
      • Relax
      • Realize that people want you to succeed
    • 16. Thank you!
      • References.
      • Toastmasters. 2011. Organizing your speech . Available: