Lecture 10: Organizing Speeches, Courtney Hughes


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  • The first two are SO important! Briefly ask and then discuss why!
  • Play example of an icebreaker.
  • Gym membership, healthy living and nutrition all share common theme - human physical and mental health
  • Lecture 10: Organizing Speeches, Courtney Hughes

    1. 1. Organization of Speeches Guest Lecture: Courtney Hughes MEd, BSc, BEd
    2. 2. Why is it Important? <ul><li>A Speech is a logical flow of thoughts or ideas that support one main topic </li></ul><ul><li>Public Speaking is a powerful skill </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jobs often always require good communication skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Even in a technologically sophisticated world, the basics are still important </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Types of Speeches <ul><li>Entertaining </li></ul><ul><li>Informative </li></ul><ul><li>Motivational </li></ul><ul><li>Educational </li></ul><ul><li>Promotional </li></ul>
    4. 4. Delivery Formats <ul><li>Impromptu – responsive </li></ul><ul><li>Extemporaneous – broad outline </li></ul><ul><li>Scripted </li></ul><ul><li>Memorization </li></ul>
    5. 5. Organizing Speeches: BIG ideas <ul><li>Know your topic! </li></ul><ul><li>Know your audience! </li></ul><ul><li>Practice, practice, practice! </li></ul><ul><li>Have fun! </li></ul>
    6. 6. Three parts to a speech <ul><li>Introduction - the “hook.” </li></ul><ul><li>Body - the largest section with the majority of information. </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion - bringing it all together and wrapping it up. </li></ul>
    7. 7. Introductions <ul><li>Can be formal or informal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Icebreakers can reduce tension and anxiety, putting you and audience at ease </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Take a chance since most people will forget about it soon (if audience is appropriate to take such a chance) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SaChQG6rQCc </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Introductions <ul><li>Introduce yourself - just a few words </li></ul><ul><li>Introduce your topic and how you connect to it </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What’s the point? Why should the audience care? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>BUT get to the point concisely and quickly! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Provide an overview of what you will discuss and why </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stay focused! </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Body <ul><li>Requires consideration and some imagination in organizing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decide whether you are using a descriptive or factual approach </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Concepts or themes can be used to provide structure and unite thoughts. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: Human physical and mental health and the importance of nutrition on health and what having a gym membership can do for you </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Body: Organizers <ul><li>Organizers make it easier to provide continuity between intro, body and conclusions </li></ul><ul><li>Examples relevant to your topic: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problems and Solutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Timelines </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Body: Transitions <ul><li>Pauses and transition phrases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>These let your audience know when one point ends and the next begins </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What are ecosystem services? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(provide info) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why are they important? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(provide info) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How does ecosystem services relate to environment management? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(provide info) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Who is effected by decisions made related to ecosystem services and environmental management? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(provide info) </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Body: Content <ul><li>Repetition can be a powerful tool if used wisely </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If possible, wrap your speech around a signature phrase </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: Speech on butchering as a skilled trade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ the meat, the method and the meal…” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Rhetoric devices can be memorable </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Alliteration: f ascinating f lora </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Metaphor: colors so bright even the darkest mood was lifted </li></ul></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Conclusion <ul><li>Restate the purpose and review supporting points </li></ul><ul><li>Close with a powerful line that is compelling, if possible </li></ul><ul><li>(and remember to enjoy yourself!) </li></ul>
    14. 14. Example of using “three supporting points” <ul><li>“ How Dance Helped Me In the Real Estate Business.” </li></ul><ul><li>Opening : 20 lbs and nine years ago, I was a dancer…which leads into stating 3 dance principles that helped me in the real estate business. </li></ul><ul><li>Body: </li></ul><ul><li>Principle 1 : Practice Perfect Performance </li></ul><ul><li>Principle 2 : Visualize the Result You Desire </li></ul><ul><li>Principle 3 : Get Out and See the People </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion : restate three principles </li></ul>
    15. 15. Toastmaster Tips… <ul><li>Know your material </li></ul><ul><li>Know the audience </li></ul><ul><li>Know the venue </li></ul><ul><li>Practice </li></ul><ul><li>Relax </li></ul><ul><li>Realize that people want you to succeed </li></ul>
    16. 16. Thank you! <ul><li>References. </li></ul><ul><li>Toastmasters. 2011. Organizing your speech . Available: http://sixminutes.dlugan.com/toastmasters-speech-2-organize-your-speech/ </li></ul>