Icebreaker - Extemporaneous• Find a partner• Choose someone to keep time and someone to talk (then you will trade roles)• Talk: – 30 seconds FOR the topic – 30 seconds AGAINST the topic – 15 seconds FOR the topic• Be ready to share with the class!
Icebreaker- Topics• Free-range eggs are best• It is best to promote a healthy lifestyle for everyone, not just the ill• Farming cannot exist on conservation areas alone, we need a balance in the ecosphere• Apparel and home furnishing are the most important areas in textile design• Successful students of veterinary science begin their study by mastering the understanding of cells• Tweets are a great way to find useful content
Why is it Important?A Speech is a logical flow of thoughts or ideas that support one main topicPublic Speaking is a powerful skill – Jobs often always require good communication skills – Even in a technologically sophisticated world, the basics are still important
Delivery Formats • Impromptu – responsive • Extemporaneous – broad outline • Scripted • MemorizationImage from talk for change.
OrganisingTalksKnow your topic!Know youraudience!Practise, practise, practise!Have fun!
Three parts to a speech• Introduction - the “hook.”• Body - the largest section with the majority of information.• Conclusion - bringing it all together and wrapping it up.
Introductions • Can be formal or informal – Icebreakers can reduce tension and anxiety, putting you and audience at ease – Take a chance since most people will forget about it soon (if audience is appropriate to take such a chance) – Example: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uuG2_uHSdhQImage from Moura State School.
Introductions• Introduce yourself - just a few words• Introduce your topic and how you connect to it – What’s the point? Why should the audience care? – BUT get to the point concisely and quickly!• Provide an overview of what you will discuss and why – Stay focused! Image from Gruntled Employees.
Body • Requires consideration and some imagination in organising – Decide whether you are using a descriptive or factual approach • Concepts or themes can be used to provide structure and unite thoughts. – Example: Human physical and mental health and the importance of nutrition on health and what having a gym membership can do for youImage from St. Helena Secondary College.
Body: Organisers • Organisers make it easier to provide continuity between intro, body and conclusions • Examples relevant to your topic: – Issues – Problems and Solutions – TimelinesImage from SG Entrepreneurs.
Signposting• Thanks to a tweet from @CourtMilford (Courtney Milford)• A pecha kucha on the importance of signs
Body: Transitions/Signposting • Pauses and transition phrases – These let your audience know when one point ends and the next begins Example: What are ecosystem services? (provide info) Why are they important? (provide info) How does ecosystem services relate to environment management? (provide info) Who is affected by decisions made related to ecosystem services and environmental management? (provide info)Image from Spec Net.
Body: Content• Repetition can be a powerful tool if used wisely – If possible, wrap your speech around a signature phrase – Example: Speech on butchering as a skilled trade “the meat, the method and the meal…”• Rhetoric devices can be memorable • Alliteration: fascinating flora • Metaphor: colours so bright even the darkest mood was lifted
Conclusion• Restate the purpose and review supporting points• Close with a powerful line that is compelling, if possible• Enjoy yourself!
Three Supporting Points: Informational Talk Specific Purpose: To inform my audience about the major uses of hypnosis. Central Idea: The major uses of hypnosis today are to control pain in medical surgery, to help people stop smoking, and to help students improve their academic performance. Main Points: I. Hypnosis is used in surgery as an adjunct to chemical anesthesia. II. Hypnosis is used to help people stop smoking. III. Hypnosis is used to help students improve their academic performance.Image of Dawson Bridge by Stoncel.
Three Supporting Points: Process Talk Specific Purpose: To inform my audience of the steps in getting a professional tattoo. Central Idea: There are four main steps in getting a professional tattoo. Main Points: I. First, the skin is shaved and sterilized in the area to be tattooed. II. Second, the main lines of the tattoo are traced on the skin with a machine called an outliner. III. Third, colored pigments are applied inside the outline with a machine called a shader. IV. Fourth, the tattoo is sterilized and bandaged.Image from Mountainside Medical Equipment.
Your Turn • Take a few minutes to jot down a process you know from your studies, work experience, volunteer work • Note the central idea and the (3) supporting points • Turn to someone next to you and share • Be ready to share with the entire classImage from Nola Trainer.
Toastmaster Tips… • Know your material • Know the audience • Know the venue • Practise • Relax • Realise that people want you to succeedImage from Squawk Fox.
References Toastmasters. 2011. Organizing your speech. Available: http://sixminutes.dlugan.com/toastmasters-speech-2-organize- your-speech/ Organising the Body of the Speech, “Chapter 8”. Available: http://esc.fltrp.com/08100801.pdfImage from Pearson.
Homework• Guest Lecture from Marie-Claude on Friday• Be ready to send THREE critically literate tweets to me (@JessL) about MC’s presentation