Study Skills Cp F Eb 2010

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Study Skills Cp F Eb 2010

  1. 1. Study Skills August 2008 Linsey Irvine
  2. 2. Aims <ul><li>To raise awareness of Study Skills and highlight their importance as a building block of the Learning Process </li></ul>
  3. 3. Objectives <ul><li>To define Study Skills </li></ul><ul><li>To highlight the importance of Study Skills to both students and staff </li></ul><ul><li>To identify the 3 major Learning Styles </li></ul><ul><li>To explore Study Skills resources available at Edinburgh’s Telford College </li></ul>
  4. 4. Definitions <ul><li>Study: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ to acquire knowledge and gain competence’ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Skill: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ a learned and developed activity’ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Study Skills : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ learned and developed activities which enable learners to acquire knowledge and gain competence’ </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Benefits to Learners <ul><li>Awareness of ‘learning’ as a skill </li></ul><ul><li>Improved understanding of subjects </li></ul><ul><li>Clear understanding of the demands of diverse Learning Tasks </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge of how to improve individual performance </li></ul><ul><li>Increased self awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Development of transferable skills </li></ul><ul><li>Increased confidence </li></ul><ul><li>Skillful independent learners </li></ul>
  6. 6. Benefits to Teaching Staff <ul><li>Students become more independent reducing demands on lecturers </li></ul><ul><li>Students are engaged in their learning </li></ul><ul><li>Improved performance </li></ul><ul><li>Improved retention figures </li></ul><ul><li>Improved SUMS </li></ul>
  7. 7. Study Skills Overview Study Skills Personal Management Self Awareness Time Management Organising Workspace Organising Information Learning Style Group Working Problem Solving
  8. 8. Learning Styles
  9. 9. Learning Styles: VAK Auditory Kinaesthetic Visual Learning Styles
  10. 10. Learning Styles: Sensory <ul><li>Visual - sight </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seeing, watching, observing, looking, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pictures, diagrams, flowcharts, videos, text, colours </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Auditory - hearing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Listening, hearing, discussing, rhythm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speech, debating, group discussion, music, taping </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Kinaesthetic – touch, taste, smell </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Touching, feeling, doing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hands-on activities, trying out </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Learning Styles: Kolb Activist Reflector Theorist Pragmatist
  12. 12. Learning Styles: Websites <ul><li>Barsch Inventory Hyperlink </li></ul><ul><li>http://ww2.nscc.edu/gerth_d/AAA0000000/barsch_inventory.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Vark Questionnaire Hyperlink </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.vark-learn.com/english/index.asp </li></ul><ul><li>Kolb Learning Style Hyperlink </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.brainboxx.co.uk/A2LEARNSTYLES/pages/roughandready.htm </li></ul>
  13. 13. Reading Skills
  14. 14. Reading Skills <ul><li>Set expectations ‘hours/chapters’ per week </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss reading materials </li></ul><ul><li>Indicate recommended reading </li></ul><ul><li>Active/passive reading </li></ul><ul><li>Reading Styles & Techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Be aware of problems – refer to Learner Support </li></ul>
  15. 15. Active/Passive Active Passive
  16. 16. Reading Styles Reading Style Feature Purpose Skimming Use clues Is this relevant? Scanning ‘ run your eye’ Find specific info. Detailed In depth, carefully Fully understand info. Analytical Identify technique Literary styles? Critical Facts / Opinions? Beware bias! Leisure Lightweight For pleasure
  17. 17. SQ3R Skim to assess whether or not to read further Know what you want answered: Why? How? What? Be active, use a pencil, take time, ‘see’, note-take Review information, put in own words, summarise Return 24hrs, 3 days, 1 week: improve and reduce Survey Question Read Review Remember
  18. 18. Note-Taking Skills
  19. 19. Note-Taking: Why bother? <ul><li>People forget 80% of what they hear in 2 weeks! </li></ul>Become involved in learning Focus attention Demonstrate progress Produce revision items Make sense of your work GOOD NOTE-TAKING SKILLS Essential essay preparation
  20. 20. Good / Poor Note-Taking <ul><li>Good Note-Taking </li></ul><ul><li>Think about what you are listening to or reading </li></ul><ul><li>Sift through information for what is important </li></ul><ul><li>Decide the key points you want to make </li></ul><ul><li>Record these </li></ul><ul><li>Poor Note-Taking </li></ul><ul><li>Copy down everything you hear or read </li></ul>
  21. 21. Note-Taking Exemplar <ul><li>Passage entitled ‘Thomas Telford’ </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Telford Hyperlink </li></ul>
  22. 22. Note-Taking Styles <ul><li>Highlight </li></ul><ul><li>Margin Mark </li></ul><ul><li>Linear </li></ul><ul><li>Flow chart </li></ul><ul><li>Spider diagram </li></ul><ul><li>Mindmap </li></ul><ul><li>Use a PC </li></ul><ul><li>Page fold </li></ul>
  23. 23. Essay Writing
  24. 24. Essay Writing: The Seven Steps <ul><li>Interpret the Question or Title </li></ul><ul><li>Gather information </li></ul><ul><li>Make a Rough Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate your sources </li></ul><ul><li>Write your essay </li></ul><ul><li>Review and Proofread </li></ul><ul><li>Learn from Feedback </li></ul>
  25. 25. Interpret the Question / Title <ul><li>Read, say out loud, write down: use VAK </li></ul><ul><li>Underline Key Words: Essay Writing Skills key words.doc </li></ul><ul><li>Draw a squiggly line under subject matter – focus for reading, research, planning & writing </li></ul><ul><li>Case Studies and Examples – are they requested? </li></ul><ul><li>Break the question / title into smaller tasks – this can suggest the number of paragraphs or topics </li></ul><ul><li>Remember how marks are awarded – helps you to plan how much you need to say about each topic </li></ul>
  26. 26. Essay Title: Example <ul><li>‘ Describe and explain the formation of </li></ul><ul><li>the major physical features of a </li></ul><ul><li>Limestone landscape. Illustrate your </li></ul><ul><li>answer with named examples from the </li></ul><ul><li>British Isles.’ 10 marks </li></ul>
  27. 27. Essay Title: Example <ul><li>Essay Writing Skills title.doc </li></ul>
  28. 28. Outline Essay Plans Although …………… and …………...   are different …………they are alike in some   interesting ways. For example they both ……………………   They are also similar in ………………….   The …………….. is the same as ………   The ……………………….. resembles ………………………………… ..   Finally they both ………………………. Some people think that …………………… because……………   They argue that …………………………….   Another group who agree with this point of view are………………   They say that because ………………………….   On the other hand, …………………others agree with the idea that   ………………   They claim that……………………….   They also say ………………………   My opinion is …………………………… because ………………….. Comparing Discussing Essay Writing Skills outline plans.doc Essay Writing Skills linking words.doc
  29. 29. Essay Checklist <ul><li>√ Did I answer the question set in the title? </li></ul><ul><li>√ Did I cover all the main points that I was supposed to? </li></ul><ul><li>√ Have I gone into issues or arguments in enough depth? </li></ul><ul><li>√ Is the content of my essay relevant to the question? </li></ul><ul><li>√ Does my introduction introduce my essay and explain my approach? </li></ul><ul><li>√ Have I written my essay in paragraphs </li></ul><ul><li>√ Does each paragraph contain only one key idea </li></ul><ul><li>√ Do my paragraphs flow logically using linking words and expressions? </li></ul><ul><li>√ Have I supported arguments with evidence, key points with examples? </li></ul><ul><li>√ Have I used accurate statistics and quotes? </li></ul><ul><li>√ Is my conclusion strong and well linked back to the introduction? </li></ul><ul><li>√ Is my essay the correct length? </li></ul><ul><li>√ Have I acknowledged all my references and sources in a bibliography? </li></ul><ul><li>√ Have I written clearly with acceptable spelling / grammar / punctuation? </li></ul><ul><li>√ Is my essay neatly written or word processed? </li></ul>
  30. 30. Memory Skills
  31. 31. Memory Myths? <ul><li>Some people just have bad memories </li></ul><ul><li>STM can only hold about 7 pieces of data </li></ul><ul><li>STM lasts for around 5 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>It is possible to make memories permanent </li></ul><ul><li>Memorisation is a physical process </li></ul><ul><li>Constant repetition makes memories stick </li></ul>
  32. 32. Feeling Fruity? <ul><li>Lemon </li></ul><ul><li>Kiwi </li></ul><ul><li>Apple </li></ul><ul><li>Banana </li></ul><ul><li>Melon </li></ul><ul><li>Pineapple </li></ul><ul><li>Orange </li></ul><ul><li>Satsuma </li></ul><ul><li>Cherry </li></ul>
  33. 33. Memory Styles Saw a bowl of fruit Wrote down names Said the list aloud ‘in my head’ <ul><li>Walked in the fruit aisle: </li></ul><ul><li>saw </li></ul><ul><li>felt </li></ul><ul><li>smelled </li></ul>
  34. 34. Effective Strategies to Memorise Information <ul><li>Strategy : Chunking Information </li></ul><ul><li>Chunking Exercise </li></ul><ul><li>a watch or a clock – this must have a ‘second’ hand </li></ul><ul><li>a pen </li></ul><ul><li>some paper </li></ul><ul><li>Task 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Task will last 30 seconds </li></ul>
  35. 35. Number Fun <ul><li>247198491152007404999 </li></ul>
  36. 36. Those Numbers <ul><li>247198491152007404999 </li></ul><ul><li>Memory Skills Chunking strategy.doc </li></ul>
  37. 37. Effective Memory Techniques <ul><li>Chunking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Break item into small pieces </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mnemonics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Acronym: OIL RIG </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acrostic: EGBDF </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mindmaps </li></ul><ul><li>The Roman Room </li></ul>
  38. 38. Effective Memory Techniques <ul><li>The Roman Room </li></ul><ul><li>memory skills Roman Room.doc </li></ul>
  39. 39. Mindmapping Skills
  40. 40. Mindmaps <ul><li>Activate whole brain </li></ul><ul><li>Engage creativity </li></ul><ul><li>Clarify thoughts </li></ul><ul><li>Organise information </li></ul><ul><li>Chunk information </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage focus </li></ul><ul><li>Highlight connections </li></ul><ul><li>Give ‘the big picture’ </li></ul><ul><li>Build effective memories </li></ul>
  41. 41. Tony Buzan <ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/user/iMindMap </li></ul>
  42. 42. Inspiration <ul><li>www.inspiration.com/quicktours/index.cfm?fuseaction=Insp_Quicktour_QT </li></ul>
  43. 43. Mindmanager <ul><li>www.mindjet.com/products/mindmanager_pro/demo.aspx </li></ul><ul><li>www.mindjet.com/products/mindmanager_pro/demo.aspx </li></ul>
  44. 44. Time Management Skills <ul><li>Where does the time go? </li></ul><ul><li>Planning – use Outlook Calendar </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Weekly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Monthly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Whole session </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Prioritising workload </li></ul><ul><li>Find a place to work </li></ul><ul><li>Get equipped for learning </li></ul><ul><li>Organising course materials </li></ul>
  45. 45. Printing a blank calendar using Outlook <ul><li>On the File menu, point to New , and then click Folder . </li></ul><ul><li>Type a name for the folder. </li></ul><ul><li>In the Folder contains list, click Calendar Items . </li></ul><ul><li>In the Select where to place the folder list, click Calendar , and then click OK . </li></ul><ul><li>On the Go menu, click Folder List . </li></ul><ul><li>In the Folder List , click the new folder you just created. </li></ul><ul><li>On the File menu, point to Page setup , and then click the print style you want. </li></ul><ul><li>Select the print style options you want, and then click Print . </li></ul>
  46. 46. Presentation Skills <ul><li>Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Preparing </li></ul><ul><li>Practising </li></ul><ul><li>Performing </li></ul><ul><li>Do’s and Don’ts </li></ul><ul><li>Top tips on technology </li></ul>
  47. 47. Report Writing Skills <ul><li>What is a Report? </li></ul><ul><li>The Structure of a Report </li></ul><ul><li>Ten Steps to Report Writing </li></ul><ul><li>How to present data </li></ul><ul><li>How to analyse results </li></ul><ul><li>How to interpret results </li></ul>
  48. 48. Stress Management Skills <ul><li>What is Stress? </li></ul><ul><li>Causes of stress </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stressful situations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Effects of stress </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mental </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emotional </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Managing stress </li></ul>

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