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Organizational Psychology

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  • 1. ORGANIZATIONS PSYCHOLOGY HRM4053 ASSIGNMENT T.SATHAKARAN. EU/IS/2007/MS/51.FACULTY OF COMMERCE AND MANAGEMENT DEPARTMENT OF MANAGEMENT EASTERN UNIVERSITY, SRILANKA Page 1 of 7
  • 2. 01) What do you understand about psychology?Psychology has been defined in various ways, perhaps the simplest yet most accurate definitionis that provided by miller (1966), “the science of mental life” mental life refers to threephenomena: behaviors, thoughts and emotions. Today, most psychologists would agree thatpsychology involves all three.Psychology is the study of the mind, occurring partly via the study of behavior. Groundedin scientific method, psychology has the immediate goal of understanding individuals andgroups by both establishing general principles and researching specific cases, and for many itultimately aims to benefit society. In this field, a professional practitioner or researcher iscalled a psychologist, and can be classified as a social scientist, behavioral scientist,or cognitive scientist. Psychologists attempt to understand the role of mental functions inindividual and social behavior, while also exploring thephysiological and neurobiological processes that underlie certain cognitive functions andbehaviors.  Aristotle and Socrates - Psychology evolved out of both philosophy and biology. The word psychology is derived from the Greek word psyche, meaning soul or mind.  The British Psychological Society - Psychology is the scientific study of people, the mind and behaviour. It is both a thriving academic discipline and a vital professional practice.  American Psychological Association - The scientific study of the behaviour of individuals and their mental processes.  Wikipedia - Psychology is an academic and applied discipline involving the scientific study of mental processes and behaviour. Page 2 of 7
  • 3.  William James (1842-1910) - An American psychologist, developed an approach which came to be known as functionalism. This emphasis on the causes and consequences of behaviour has influenced contemporary psychology. Wundt- psychology is a science it attempts to investigate the causes of behaviour using systematic and objective procedures for observation, measurement and analysis, backed-up by theoretical interpretations, generalizations, explanations and predictions. APA - Psychology is the study of the mind and behaviour. The discipline embraces all aspects of the human experience from the functions of the brain to the actions of nations, from child development to care for the aged. In every conceivable setting from scientific research centres to mental health care services, "the understanding of behaviour" is the enterprise of psychologists. Medilexicons medical dictionary - psychology is "The profession (clinical psychology), scholarly discipline (academic psychology), and science (research psychology) concerned with the behaviour of humans and animals, and related mental and physiologic processes."Although psychology may also include the study of the mind and behaviour of animals, in this article psychology refers mainly to humans’ conformity, aggression and prejudice. Psychology is the study of the mind, occurring partly via the study of behavior. Page 3 of 7
  • 4. 02 How you can differentiate organizational psychology from other part of psychology? General psychology vs. organizational psychology: General Psychology is just that. It deals with psychology in general. It encompasses the fundamentals of psychology itself. Organizational psychology is commonly referred to as IO Psychology or Industrial- Organizational Psychology. Industrial-Organizational Psychology deals with the application of psychology concepts to organizations and workplace settings. In the said settings, you will usually find IO practitioners in the human resources department. Industrial psychology vs. organizational psychology  There seems to be a trend, where both industrial psychology and organizational psychology are used interchangeably nowadays. There is the field of industrial- organizational psychology as well, which encompasses both.  Industrial psychologists have been concerned with individual factors in selection, placement, job analysis and design, safety and training while Organizational psychologists, on the other hand, have examined the role of interpersonal relations, and individual differences especially in modifying and changing organizations, examining decision making, group dynamics, leadership, organizational development and change. Plain psychology vs. Organizational psychology – Psychology is the discipline of studying mental processes and human behaviour. Organizational psychology is a subfield of industrial and organizational psychology, also known as I/O for short. Organizational psychology deals with the impact of work environment and management styles on the workers motivation, job satisfaction, and productivity. Page 4 of 7
  • 5.  Cognitive Psychology vs. Organizational PsychologyCognitive Psychology is the study of human thought processes and cognitions. Cognitivepsychologists study topics such as attention, memory, perception, decision-making, problem-solving and language acquisition.Organizational psychology is commonly referred to as IO Psychology or Industrial-Organizational Psychology. Industrial-Organizational Psychology deals with the application ofpsychology concepts to organizations and workplace settings. In the said settings, you willusually find IO practitioners in the human resources department. Development psychology vs. Organizational Psychology.Developmental Psychology is the branch of psychology that looks at human growth anddevelopment over the lifespan. Theories often focus on the development of cognitive abilities,morality, social functioning, identity and other life areas.Organizational Psychology is the science of human behaviour at work. Industrial-Organizational Psychology is the area of psychology that uses psychological research toenhance work performance, select employee, improve product design and enhance usability.Development psychology Industrial-Organizational PsychologyDevelopmental Psychology is the branch ofpsychology that looks at human growth and is the area of psychology that usesdevelopment over the lifespan. psychological research to enhance following:Theories often focus on the development of Work performancefollowing: Select employee Cognitive abilities Improve product design Morality Enhance usability. Social functioning Identity and other life areas. Page 5 of 7
  • 6. 02) Why do you want to study organizational psychology? Organizational psychology is important as it helps me in understanding myself better in the work, it helps me to perceive things positively and it assists me in determining the things that I enjoy doing the most and the kind of stuff I like to write about. It also contribute a lot of great help in the way I handle things in work, the way I face challenges and problems that occurs at an unexpected time and of course the way I make decisions in my work. Organizational psychology is important as it is concerned with the study of behavior and mental processes at work and at the same time, it is also applied to many different things in work. Everything we perform is very much related to or with organizational psychology. Why we must study the organizational psychology because of the following reasons. Increase profitability of the organization Recruit and select suitable employees Identify and development leaders Improve operational efficiency Train and develop their workforces Improve employee morale to achieve the organizational goals Organizational psychology is important as it is concerned with the study of behaviour and mental processes at work and at the same time, it is also applied to many different things in work. Everything we perform is very much related to or with organizational psychology. Page 6 of 7
  • 7. REFERENCES  http://psychology.about.com/ (19-04-2012 at 10.00pm)  http://www.mindfocus.net/nc00100.html  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychology  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychology  http://www.apa.org/support/about/apa/psychology.aspx#answer  http://www.mindfocus.net/nc00100.html  http://generalpsychology.wordpress.com  http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/intropsych/pdf/chapter20.pdf  http://books.google.lk/books?id=2yBaGgdHJ Page 7 of 7

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