EU Lobbying

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Short introductory lecture about lobbying in the European Union. November 15, 2012, Public Administration and Policy Group, Wageningen University.

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EU Lobbying

  1. 1. EU lobbyingEuropean Union Institutions and Policies, PAP-53306November 15, 2012Gerard Breeman and Jeroen Candel, Public AdministrationGroup
  2. 2. What is lobbying? Lobbying ≠ bribing Attempt to influence political decisions On behalf of a group (e.g. industries, labour unions, NGOs) Active wherever political decisions are made (e.g. Wageningen, Arnhem, The Hague, Brussels)
  3. 3. Who are those lobbyists? About 3000 lobby groups with a permanent office in Brussels Big variety: private vs. publlic, profit vs. non-profit Industries form biggest group (about 70%) Financial support (1 billion euro) for non-commercial interests (e.g. elderly, handicapped people, women)
  4. 4. How do those groups look like?Most important form is European umbrella organization/Eurofederation: European secretariat: spider in the web General assembly: formal decisions Executive committee: supervision and short term decisions
  5. 5. What do they do? (1)Networks and coalitions: Sources information Feel own position out Provide access Coordinating positions and strategies
  6. 6. What do they do? (2)Strategies: Inside lobbying Outside lobbying
  7. 7. What’s their value? Information and expertise Grassroots support  implementation
  8. 8. Lobby routes Institutionalized (e.g. ESC, COR) vs. non-institutionalized National, European, international
  9. 9. Consequences lobbying (1)Democratic? Two visions:1. Groups can make themselves heard; open system; possibilities for groups that are not heard on national level (e.g. Roma)2. Disadvantage for groups that rely on outside lobbying; some categories better represented than others; ‘backroom politics’
  10. 10. Consequences lobbying (2)Winners and losers in EU?1. Groups that rely on inside lobbying have advantage2. Small, flexible groups more effective in being active on multiple governance levels3. More opportunities for groups that seek change, than for groups that defend status quoIn general: industries + small and flexible NGOs arewinners, traditional ‘mass organizations’ losers
  11. 11. Thank you for your kind attention! Any questions?Gerard.breeman@wur.nl/ Jeroen.candel@wur.nl www.wageningenur.nl/pap Twitter: @JeroenWUR & @GBreeman

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