Transformational Leadership and the New Academic Library

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Presentation at 2008 IACRL Conference.

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Transformational Leadership and the New Academic Library

  1. 1. Transformational Leadership and the New Academic Library Jenny Emanuel Digital Services & Reference Librarian University of Illinois - Champaign Urbana
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>About Me </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership Theory </li></ul><ul><li>Transformational Leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Application to Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>New Generation of Librarians </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  3. 3. Leadership Theories - Transactional <ul><li>Characteristics: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leader directive and demanding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accepting of existing goals, structure, culture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rewards based on performance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Punishment for not following directions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Follow directions in order to get a raise” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How is this shown in libraries today? </li></ul><ul><li>Ineffective of bringing change </li></ul>
  4. 4. Leadership Theories - Charismatic <ul><li>Characteristics: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assumes charisma is an attributional phenomenon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leader vision not with status quo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emotional appeals instead of authority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leader confident of actions--may create delusions of infallibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dependence on leader limits successors, leading to eventual leadership crisis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk alienation of followers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conger & Ranugo (1987) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Transformational Leadership <ul><li>Basics: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Idealized influence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Individualized consideration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inspirational motivation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intellectual simulation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>First defined by Burns (1978) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Transformational Leadership <ul><li>Traits: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make followers aware of importance of task outcomes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Induce followers to part with own self interests for organization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appeal to follower higher order needs </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Transformational Leadership <ul><li>Guidelines: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Articulate clear and appealing vision </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Explain how vision can be accomplished </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be (or at least act) confident and optimistic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Express confidence in followers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use dramatic & symbolic actions to emphasize values </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lead by example </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Application to Libraries <ul><li>Motivate all employees, not just librarians </li></ul><ul><li>Come up with a vision and be confident for success </li></ul><ul><li>Relate organizational values to personal beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership can be contagious! </li></ul>
  9. 9. Next Gen Librarians <ul><li>Characteristics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transparent - share everything </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not hierarchical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appeal to emotional needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Want to be leaders in own right </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Importance of leadership over management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dislike of being managed </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Conclusion <ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Will be online soon - please email </li></ul>

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