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Transcript

  • 1. LEARNING AND INSTRUCTION THEORIES
  • 2. A LEARNING THEORY is an attempt to describehow people and animals learn, thereby helping usunderstand the inherently complex process oflearning.
  • 3. INSTRUCTION is an external agency thatguides the learner toward a goal by means ofsome specified procedures
  • 4. Learning and Instruction Theories 1. Behaviorism 2. Cognition 3. Development 4. Biology 5. Motivation 6. Instruction 7. Constructivism 8. Connectivism
  • 5. BEHAVIORISMBehaviorism is a learning theory that is focused upon the concept of “stimulus/response”
  • 6. COGNITIONCognition is the process that the brain recalls and connects related old memories, knowledge with new or current information to make a decision or solve a problem
  • 7. DEVELOPMENTCognitive development is a field of study in neuroscience andpsychology focusing on a childs development in terms of informationprocessing, conceptual resources, perceptual skill, languagelearning, and other aspects of brain development and cognitivepsychology
  • 8. BIOLOGY Repetition is the first law of learningThere is a cellular, a nucleic response, to all learning events
  • 9. MOTIVATIONMOTIVATION is either an external (extrinsic) or internal(intrinsic) influence that increases the enthusiasm ormaintains the persistence in order to reach a certaingoal.
  • 10. INSTRUCTIONINSTRUCTION is a methodology that willenhance learning on the part of the learner,primarily focused upon meeting learning goalsand learning objectives
  • 11. CONSTRUCTIVISMConstructivism is a learning theory based onthe belief that learners can generate newknowledge based on previous knowledgeand/or experience
  • 12. CONNECTIVISMCONNECTIVISM is a learning theory for the Digital Age