INST 5130LEARNING AND INSTRUCTION THEORIES SUMMER 2012 - FINAL PRODUCT To: Dr. CRAWFORD By: Jennifer Nguyen
A LEARNING THEORY is an attempt to describehow people and animals learn, thereby helping usunderstand the inherently complex process oflearning.
INSTRUCTION is an external agency thatguides the learner toward a goal by means ofsome specified procedures
Learning and Instruction Theories 1. Behaviorism 2. Cognition 3. Development 4. Biology 5. Motivation 6. Instruction 7. Constructivis m 8. Connectivis m
BEHAVIORISMBehaviorism is a learning theory that is focused upon the concept of “stimulus/response”
COGNITIONCognition is the process that the brain recalls and connects related old memories, knowledge with new or current information to make a decision or solve a problem
DEVELOPMENTCognitive development is a field of study in neuroscience andpsychology focusing on a childs development in terms of informationprocessing, conceptual resources, perceptual skill, languagelearning, and other aspects of brain development and cognitivepsychology
BIOLOGY Repetition is the first law of learningThere is a cellular, a nucleic response, to all learning events
MOTIVATIONMOTIVATION is either an external (extrinsic) or internal(intrinsic) influence that increases the enthusiasm ormaintains the persistence in order to reach a certaingoal.
INSTRUCTIONINSTRUCTION is a methodology that willenhance learning on the part of the learner,primarily focused upon meeting learning goalsand learning objectives
CONSTRUCTIVISMConstructivism is a learning theory based onthe belief that learners can generate newknowledge based on previous knowledgeand/or experience
CONNECTIVISMCONNECTIVISM is a learning theory for the Digital Age