The Many Faces of ADHD


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  • Very well said Jenna, excellent posting - I just added a few thoughts on the diagnosis and treatment side over here:

    I hope you have a moment to review and consider....
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The Many Faces of ADHD

  1. 1. The Many FacesThe Many Faces of ADHDof ADHD Jenna Knight ADHD Coach/Advocate October 16, 2012
  2. 2. About PresenterAbout Presenter • Jenna Knight, ADHD Coach & founder of Never Defeated Coaching. • Coach Training o Coachville: • Introduced to the coaching dynamics • Underlying skills and strategies coaches need to make a positive difference in the lives of individuals with ADHD. o In the process of taking further coaching training through the ADD Coaching Academy. • Affiliations: o ADHD Coaching Organization o Children and Adults with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (CHADD) o Attention Deficit Disorder Association (ADDA) • Other Activities: o Served as the chair of the Massachusetts Statewide Rehabilitation Council Learning Disabilities and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (LD/ADHD) Task Force. • Task Force worked with the M.R.C. on the unidentified and unaddressed employment needs of consumers
  3. 3. ADHD: What It is & IsADHD: What It is & Is NotNot What is ADHD? •ADHD - Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. •ADHD is a neurobehavioral disorder that manifests as a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity/impulsivity in two or more settings, that is more frequently displayed and is more serve than is typically seen in other people at a comparable level •The three core symptoms are o Inattention – Unable to pay attention and/or o Hyperactivity – Being more active than usual and/or o Impulsivity – Acting suddenly without control •Only a trained health care provider can accurately diagnose ADHD
  4. 4. ADHD: What It is & Is NotADHD: What It is & Is Not What ADHD Is Not •ADHD is not caused by anything you have done and is not caused by bad parenting •ADHD is not a measure of how smart a person is •ADHD is not a lack of willpower or desire
  5. 5. ADHD SymptomsADHD Symptoms Children – (Ages 6-12) •Easily distracted •Homework poorly organized, contains errors and often not completed •Often disruptive in class, blurts out answers before the answer is completed •Fails to wait turn in games •Often out of seat Adolescents (Ages 13-17) •Displays inner restlessness •Schoolwork disorganized, shows poor follow through •Fails to work independently •Has difficulties in school setting with peers
  6. 6. ADHD SymptomsADHD Symptoms Adults •Inattention/concentration problem •Disorganized and fails to plan ahead •Difficulty initiating and completing projects/tasks •Shifts activities prematurely •Midjudges available time •Forgetful, looses things •Has difficulty at work with concentration, focus, etc. •Problems with social interactions
  7. 7. What causes ADHDWhat causes ADHD The exact origin of ADHD is unknown, but researchers believe the disorder may be caused by one or more of the following factors 1.Genetics 2.Brain Chemistry 3.Environment
  8. 8. The Brain & ADHDThe Brain & ADHD
  9. 9. ADHD & Co-existingADHD & Co-existing ConditionsConditions Common Conditions that often co-exist with ADHD •Oppositional Defiant Disorder •Learning Disabilities •Anxiety •Obsessive Compulsive Disorder •Depression •Drug Abuse •Bipolar Disorder •Sleep Problems •Tourette's Syndrome
  10. 10. TreatmentTreatment Treatment for ADHD is multifaceted. ADHD treatment should be tailored to meet the unique needs of individuals with ADHD •Education •Medication •Coaching •Therapy
  11. 11. How Common is ADHD?How Common is ADHD? Children •The prevalence of ADHD among U.S. school aged children (aged 3-17) is up to 9% (up to 5 million children) •ADHD is more common in boys (13.2%) than girls (5.6%) and is more common in non Hispanic White and African American children than Hispanic children. •Diagnoses rates varied by geographical region •Higher rates are found in the Southeastern United States with North Carolina and Louisiana having the highest rates •Lower rates were generally found in the Western and Southwestern United States with Nevada and New Mexico having the lowest rates Adults •A recent National Institute Mental Health survey found that an estimated 4.4% of adults ages 18-44% in the United States •Adult ADHD is more common in adult males (64.1%) than females (35.9%) •Adult ADHD is more common by race in Caucasians (73.5%), African Americans (6.2%), Hispanic (15%) and other (5.3%)
  12. 12. Challenges with ADHDChallenges with ADHD Children/Adolescents •Children with ADHD were more likely to have major injuries (59%) vs. children without ADHD (49%) •Young people with ADHD are at greater risk of involvement in motor vehicle crashes, drinking and driving and traffic violations Parents •Parents of children with a history of ADHD report almost 3 times as many peer problems as those of without a history of ADHD (21.1% vs. 7.3%) •Parents report that children with a history of ADHD are 10 times more likely to have difficulties that interfere with friendships (20.6% vs.2.0%) Adults •Research shows that adults with ADHD are 2 - 4 times more likely to be terminated from their job •Workers with ADHD were more likely to have at least one sick day in the past month compared to workers without ADHD
  13. 13. Challenges with ADHDChallenges with ADHD continuedcontinued Costs •According to new research, ADHD cost the U.S. economy between $143 billion and $266 billion in 2010, or roughly $2,000 per household. o Lost work productivity (62 percent) o Expenditures related to health care (26 percent) o Education (10 percent) o Criminal justice system (2 percent).
  14. 14. Positive Aspects of ADHDPositive Aspects of ADHD • Down to Earth • Loyal • Great Sense of Humor • Spontaneous • Energetic • Difficult to Fool • Humble • Sensitive • Compassionate • Empathetic • Charming personality • Open- Minded • Trusting • Intuitive
  15. 15. Strategies for ManagingStrategies for Managing ADHD for the ADHD’erADHD for the ADHD’er • Ask for repeated instructions • Break large assignments or job tasks into small, simple tasks. • Set a deadline for each task and reward yourself as you complete each one. • Each day, make a list of what you need to do. Plan the best order for doing each task. Then make a schedule for doing them. Use a calendar or daily planner to keep yourself on track.
  16. 16. Strategies for ManagingStrategies for Managing ADHD for the ADHD’erADHD for the ADHD’er • Work in a quiet area. Do one thing at a time. Give yourself short breaks. • Write things you need to remember in a notebook with dividers. Keep the book with you all of the time. • Post notes to yourself to help remind yourself of things you need to do. Tape notes -wherever you're likely to need the reminder. • Create a routine. • Exercise, eat a balanced diet, and get enough sleep.
  17. 17. Strategies for ManagingStrategies for Managing ADHD for ParentsADHD for Parents • Adjust your disciplinary methods • Adjust family routines and lifestyles to be more predictable and consistent both for yourself and for your child • Distinguish between the things your child does that are annoying but harmless and are just part of who they are • Make a concerted effort to not get overly involved in the child with ADHD leading to interacting less with the other children in the household • Plan ahead when possible • Seek social support from people who are experiencing similar problems
  18. 18. ResourcesResources Children & Adults with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Attention Deficit Disorder Association National Resource Center on ADHD ADDitude Maganize
  19. 19. BibliographyBibliography Understanding ADHD: A Guide to Help Answer Your Questions ADHD: What Do Symptoms Look Like At Different Ages? ADHD in Children ADD/ADHD Parenting Tips Adult ADD/ADHD ADHD Statistics
  20. 20. BibliographyBibliography Center for Disease Control and Prevention: Data and Statistics ADHD Awareness Week: The Many Faces of ADHD: ADHD in the U.S. Population the-US-Population-FINAL-English.pdf
  21. 21. Contact InformationContact Information Jenna Knight ADHD Coach/Advocate Cell – 508-663-9732