Researching on the Internet: Helpful hints/safety tips

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Program given to 5th grade students on improving research on the internet and how to be safe online.

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  • Be Safer Online
  • Netsmartz, real world smartz
  • Teresa’s story about information
  • Don’t steal like a pirate…
  • Computer Viruses
  • Know the rules
  • Researching on the Internet: Helpful hints/safety tips

    1. 1. ResearchingOn theInternet<br />Helpful hints & safety tips<br />
    2. 2. Online Public Access Catalog (OPAC)<br />The OPAC is an electronic database of materials held by a library or library system.<br />What is a database?<br />A database is a large collection of data organized especially for rapid search and retrieval. (as by a computer)(Retrieved from Merriam-Webster Online, March 17, 2009)<br />
    3. 3. Online Public Access Catalog (OPAC)<br />Examples of organizations that maintain an<br /> Online Public Access Catalog include:<br />Your school library media center<br />http://mayflowerk12ar.booksys.net/opac/mms/<br />The Faulkner County Library System<br />http://www.fcl.org/<br />The Library of Congress<br />http://www.loc.gov/index.html<br />
    4. 4. Boolean Logic<br />Takes its name from a British mathematician George Boole. (1815-1864)<br />Refers to the logical relationship among search terms.<br />Boole used words that he called logical operators to define searches.<br />Operators included:<br />AND, OR, NOT, NEAR<br />GeorgeBoole.net, March 17, 2009<br />
    5. 5. Boolean Operators<br />AND, OR, NOT<br />
    6. 6. AND<br />AND operates in a different way when used as a search term.<br />In the English language, if we say we want pictures of a dog AND cat. We think:<br />
    7. 7. AND<br />In Boolean logic if we say, we want pictures of a dog AND cat. We get:<br />
    8. 8. AND<br />AND is used to connect terms when both or all of the terms are present.<br />Your results will be smaller.<br />
    9. 9. OR<br />OR also operates in a different way when used as a search term.<br />OR operates much like the English language use of AND in Boolean logic.<br />If we say we’ll eat hotdogs or hamburgers…<br /> We are saying that we will accept either choice.<br />
    10. 10. OR<br />In Boolean logic if we say, we want<br /> Hot Dogs OR Hamburgers.<br />We get:<br />BOTH!!!!<br />
    11. 11. OR<br />OR is used to group terms when at least one term must be present.<br />Results will be larger.<br />
    12. 12. NOT<br />NOT works in the way you may believe it would when used as a search term.<br />If we say we want pictures of chocolate cake NOT candy, we will get:<br />
    13. 13. NOT<br />NOT eliminates results containing the specified term.<br />The results will be smaller.<br />
    14. 14. Other Techniques<br />Bound Phrases & Truncation<br />
    15. 15. Bound Phrase<br />A series or combination of words used in a search.<br />Quotation marks are used to indicate a bound phrase.<br />Examples:<br />“Statue of Liberty”<br />“Mayflower Middle School”<br />“Honda Odyssey” <br />
    16. 16. Truncation<br />Truncation means to shorten or cut off.<br />An asterisk is used at the end of a stem word.<br />The system will search using each variation of the stem.<br />Examples:<br />Swim* will produce results including swim, swimmer, swimming, etc…<br />Short* will produce results including short, shorts, shorthand, shortness, shortish, etc… <br />
    17. 17. Researching Tips<br />Let’s Review What To Do! <br />
    18. 18. Research Information Review<br />Online Public Access Catalog: electronic database of materials held by a library or library system. <br />Boolean Operators: AND, OR, NOT<br />President AND Lincoln<br /> Book OR Video<br />Weather NOT Vane <br />Bound Phrases: search using a phrase.<br />“Abraham Lincoln”<br />“A Series of Unfortunate Events”<br />Truncation: a search that uses all variations of a term<br /> jump* - jump, jumper, jumps jumped, etc…<br />
    19. 19. Internet Safety<br />Tips & Reminders<br />
    20. 20.
    21. 21. If you are home alone…<br />Would you answer your door for a stranger? <br />(Real World)<br />
    22. 22. So, why would<br />you chat with a<br />stranger<br />online?<br />(Net World)<br />
    23. 23.
    24. 24. If you were in public…<br />Would you give<br />your phone number<br />to a stranger? <br />(Real World)<br />
    25. 25. So, why would<br />you post your<br />phone number<br />in a chat room?<br />(Net World)<br />
    26. 26.
    27. 27. If you are in a store…<br />Would you take<br />something without<br />paying for it? <br />(Real World)<br />
    28. 28. So, why would<br />you download<br />someone else’s<br />work?<br />(Net World)<br />
    29. 29.
    30. 30. If you are at a park…<br />Would you accept<br />a sip of a<br />stranger’s drink?<br />(Real World)<br />
    31. 31. So, why would<br />you open<br />an email or program<br />from a stranger?<br />(Net World)<br />
    32. 32.
    33. 33.
    34. 34. Internet Safety<br />Let’s Review What To Do!<br />
    35. 35. Internet Safety Plan<br />If I come across any information that makes me feel scared, uncomfortable, or confused, I will…<br />If someone online asks me for a picture of myself, I will…<br />If someone I first “met” online asks me to meet him or her in person, I will…<br />If someone online asks me for my personal information, I will…<br />NetSmartz.org, March 18, 2009<br />
    36. 36. Internet Safety Plan<br />If I see any messages that are mean or make me feel scared, uncomfortable, or confused, I will…<br />If I receive a file over the Internet from someone I don’t know, I will…<br />In order to set up rules for going online, I will…<br />NetSmartz.org, March 18, 2009<br />
    37. 37. For more information:<br /><ul><li>Visit Arkansas Attorney General Dustin McDaniel’s Website: www.ArkansasAG.gov
    38. 38. More fun with Clickty & Router visit:</li></ul>www.netsmartzkids.org <br />
    39. 39. References<br />Merriam-Webster&apos;s online dictionary.(2009) Retrieved March 17, 2009, from Merriam-Webster Online Web site: http://www.merriam-webster.com.<br />Boolean logic. (2009) Retrieved March 17, 2009, from www.georgeboole.net.<br />All images downloaded from Microsoft Clipart.<br />All NetSmartz videos downloaded on March 17, 2009, with permission from www.NetSmartz.org.<br />

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