What is COPD?<br />Jenn Santana<br />
What you need to know…<br />COPD is an acronym for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary disease<br />Progressive disease<br />Chr...
             Lung Cycle...<br />
Lung Overview<br />Air intake in windpipe down to tubes in lungs<br />Within the lungs, bronchial tubes branch off<br />Th...
*The above picture  (left) is <br />     that of a normal lung <br />*The one on the right is a lung with        COPD.  No...
Different types of COPD<br />Emphysema<br />-Enlargement of air sacs<br />-Reduction of surface area<br />-Reduced elastic...
Lungs<br />Lung with Emphysema<br />Healthy Lung<br />
Chronic Bronchitis<br />
Do I have COPD?<br />The body's attempt to compensate for a damaged respiratory system. Some signs and symptoms are:<br />...
The Differences…<br />
 Treatments<br />COPD treatments include:<br />- Bronchodilators (medication that treat constricted bronchi)<br /> - Anti-...
Research<br />Most factors are not fully understood<br />Additional studies are focused on other studies such as biochemic...
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Santana pwpttech

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J.Santana powerpoint. Tech Comm. COPD

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Santana pwpttech

  1. 1. What is COPD?<br />Jenn Santana<br />
  2. 2. What you need to know…<br />COPD is an acronym for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary disease<br />Progressive disease<br />Chronic (long time) and obstructive (blocks airways) being the main terms<br />Not necessarily a smokers disease but is very high in smokers<br />Also, exposure to other lung irritants, such as air pollution, chemical fumes, or dust, also may contribute to COPD<br />
  3. 3. Lung Cycle...<br />
  4. 4. Lung Overview<br />Air intake in windpipe down to tubes in lungs<br />Within the lungs, bronchial tubes branch off<br />The oxygen in the air passes through the air sac walls into the blood in the capillaries. <br />Carbon dioxide moves from the capillaries<br />Air sac fills up with air like a small balloon<br />In COPD, less air flows in and out of the airways<br />
  5. 5. *The above picture (left) is <br /> that of a normal lung <br />*The one on the right is a lung with COPD. Note the arrows<br />
  6. 6. Different types of COPD<br />Emphysema<br />-Enlargement of air sacs<br />-Reduction of surface area<br />-Reduced elasticity<br />-Collapsed lungs<br />- Causes “Pink puffers”<br />Chronic bronchitis<br />-Inflamed neutrophils (cells)<br />-Excessive mucus<br />-Results into destruction <br /> of cilia<br />-Cilia unable to function leads to infections<br />
  7. 7. Lungs<br />Lung with Emphysema<br />Healthy Lung<br />
  8. 8. Chronic Bronchitis<br />
  9. 9. Do I have COPD?<br />The body's attempt to compensate for a damaged respiratory system. Some signs and symptoms are:<br /> 1.Wheezing<br /> - high-pitched sound of air passing through narrowed airways<br /> 2. Barrel Chest<br />- the chest wall is enlarged, making breathing muscles (muscles in the neck, upper chest, and between the ribs) less efficient as well<br /> 3.Chronic Cough<br /> - a morning cough and slowly progresses to an all-day cough. <br /> - cough usually produces small amounts of sputum and is clear or whitish but may be discolored<br />
  10. 10. The Differences…<br />
  11. 11. Treatments<br />COPD treatments include:<br />- Bronchodilators (medication that treat constricted bronchi)<br /> - Anti-Inflammatory Agents<br /> - Mucolytics<br /> - Antibiotics <br /> -Oxygen treatments<br />
  12. 12. Research<br />Most factors are not fully understood<br />Additional studies are focused on other studies such as biochemical markers, lung inflammation, heredity and other factors in the disease process<br />

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