Find a partner.
Brainstorm at least FIVE successes and
problems associated with agriculture and food
today. Write separately on sticky notes.
Stick each success or problem in appropriate
category – economic, environment, and social.
Abundant food supply in the developed world
Fresh fruits and vegetables available year-round
Luxury foods such as coffee, tea, chocolate, and spices
easily available around the world
Effective food preservation technologies
(refrigeration, freezing, canning, packaging)
Mechanization produces high labor efficiency
Improvements in soil conservation
Availability of agricultural inputs for quick solutions to
Continuing soil loss
Food safety (e. coli, antibiotic resistance, toxins and pesticides)
Air pollution; odors
Chronic diseases linked to agricultural chemicals
Farmland loss to development
food•shed ['food,shed] -
noun: a region or area from
which a population draws
“Foodshed” – used 80 years ago in “How Great Cities
are Fed” by W.P. Hedden
Describes the flow of food from producer to consumer
Geographic area where vegetables, fruits, nuts, oils,
meat, and grains feed citizens within the region
Answers the question: “Where does my food come
Community supported agriculture
Sales to local restaurants and institutions
Historically – eating within a LOCAL foodshed was the
ONLY way families gained access to food!
17th and 18th centuries – food was grown in an area of
less than 50 miles
Connection to foodshed and land
Ate what was available
Grew, cooked, preserved, canned…
US’s Foodshed is global – international grocery chains
Lost connection to the food and the land
Someone else is growing it, harvesting it…
Increase in food waste
Increase in food miles – distance 1,500 or more…
Food available anytime of the year, almost anywhere
Soil degradation, pollution… - environmental costs
Inhumane treatment of workers
No local dollars to support local economies –
disappearing small farms…
More sustainable ways of producing, distributing, and
Global to regional – decrease in miles
Industrialized to small farms –
decrease in scale
Connection with farmer (or grow your own)
Reduction in resources (packaging and fuel)
Direct to consumer (cut out the middle man)
Reduction in pollution
More environmentally sustainable methods
What is generally
UNSEEN PATTERNS & TRENDS
What’s been happening?
What are the trends?
What changes have occurred?
What influences the above patterns?
What assumptions do people have about the above?
Purchased bag of
PATTERNS & TRENDS:
Any time of year
Cost doesn’t reflect environment or human health
Cheap labor is necessary
Human rights and immigration issues
What subsidies make this possible?
Cheap and convenient are better no matter what
Predictable and uniformity is safer
It doesn’t matter who grows my food or how they are treated