Emily Dickinson - Romantic Poet


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Emily Dickinson - Romantic Poet

  1. 1. This is my letter to the world,  That never wrote to me,--   The simple news that Nature told,   With tender majesty.   Her message is committed   To hands I cannot see;   For love of her, sweet countrymen,  Judge tenderly of me! <ul><li>Emily Dickinson </li></ul>
  2. 2. Emily Dickinson The Belle of Amherst
  3. 4. Emily was born… <ul><li>Emily Elizabeth Dickinson on December 10, 1830 to a very prominent family in Amherst, MA </li></ul><ul><li>Second child to Elizabeth Norcross Dickinson and Edward Dickinson (Yale grad, lawyer, Congressman) </li></ul><ul><li>Granddaughter to Samuel Fowler Dickinson (one of the founders of Amherst College and builder of the National Historic Landmark “The Homestead”, Emily’s home) </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Edward and Elizabeth Norcross Dickinson </li></ul>
  5. 6. Emily had… <ul><li>An older brother named William Austin (Austin) and a younger sister Lavinia Norcross (Vinnie) </li></ul>
  6. 7. Emily attended… <ul><li>Amherst Academy from 1840-1847 </li></ul><ul><li>Left for Mount Holyoke Female Seminary at the age of 17 </li></ul><ul><li>Returned home 10 months later from either homesickness, illness, or her refusal to publicly announce her faith </li></ul>
  7. 8. At home, Emily… <ul><li>Baked for her family </li></ul><ul><li>Took place in household activities </li></ul><ul><li>Ventured out to attend local events in the budding college town </li></ul><ul><li>Was an avid gardener </li></ul>
  8. 9. Emily stayed close to home.. <ul><li>Besides one big trip to D.C. and Philly in 1855 </li></ul><ul><li>When her mother became chronically ill, Emily would barely leave “The Homestead” to be near her </li></ul><ul><li>In 1858, she began to write clean copies of her work </li></ul><ul><li>Forty bundles comprising nearly eight hundred poems – but no one knew of these until after her death </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>The manuscript of her poem “Wild Nights – Wild Nights!” </li></ul>
  10. 11. A family friend… <ul><li>Samuel Bowles published some of Emily’s poems from 1858-1868 in his Springfield Republican </li></ul><ul><li>They were anonymous and heavily edited </li></ul><ul><li>They included: “A narrow Fellow in the Grass” as “The Snake”, and “Nobody knows this little rose” </li></ul>
  11. 13. In 1862… <ul><li>Emily answered a call for poetry submissions in The Atlantic Monthly from Thomas Wentworth Higginson </li></ul><ul><li>He told her to delay publishing, but they became close friends, as he provided great moral support </li></ul><ul><li>Emily once told him he saved her life in 1862 </li></ul>
  12. 14. <ul><li>Thomas Wentworth Higginson </li></ul>
  13. 15. In 1864… <ul><li>Several of Emily’s poems were published in Drum Beat to raise money for wounded Union soldiers during the Civil War and </li></ul><ul><li>Another was published that year in the Brooklyn Daily Union </li></ul>
  14. 16. Emily made a trip to Boston… <ul><li>In 1865, which would be her last venture from Amherst </li></ul><ul><li>She rarely even left “The Homestead” </li></ul><ul><li>She became known as the Myth because she was rarely seen </li></ul><ul><li>Also The Lady in White because she was always wearing white when she was seen </li></ul><ul><li>As early as 1867, she began to talk to her visitors from behind closed doors </li></ul>
  15. 17. Despite her seclusion… <ul><li>Emily was socially active and expressive through her letters and poems </li></ul><ul><li>Though she would leave when visitors came, she would write them poems or give them small gifts </li></ul><ul><li>However, she met Higginson in her home in 1870 </li></ul>
  16. 18. In 1874… <ul><li>Emily’s father suffered a stroke and died—she only opened her door a crack for the funeral, and did not attend memorial service </li></ul><ul><li>A year later, her mother suffered a stroke, and was left in bad physical and mental state </li></ul><ul><li>Around this time, Emily stopped going out in public, but still had visitors and wrote to close friends </li></ul>
  17. 19. In the 1878… <ul><li>Helen Hunt Jackson convinced Emily to publish “Success is counted sweetest” anonymously in A Masque of Poets </li></ul><ul><li>This was the last poem published in her lifetime </li></ul>
  18. 20. In the summer of 1884… <ul><li>Emily fainted while baking, which led to weeks of ill health </li></ul><ul><li>On November 30, 1885, her brother cancelled a trip to Boston because she was confined to bed and worried him </li></ul><ul><li>She wrote a burst of letters the following spring, including one thought to be her last to her cousins, “Little Cousins, Called Back. Emily” </li></ul>
  19. 21. On May 15, 1886… <ul><li>Emily died at the age of 55 of Bright’s Disease </li></ul><ul><li>Her coffin was carried through daffodils, and Higginson read “No Coward Soul is Mine” by Emily Bronte, Emily’s favorite poem </li></ul><ul><li>She was buried at West Cemetery on Triangle Street in Amherst </li></ul>
  20. 22. Lavinia promised… <ul><li>That she would burn Emily’s correspondence after her death </li></ul><ul><li>No instructions were left regarding the forty notebooks and loose sheets Emily left in her chest </li></ul><ul><li>Vinnie sought to have them published </li></ul>
  21. 23. Poems was published in 1890…
  22. 24. Poems: Second Series was published in 1891…
  23. 25. In 1894… <ul><li>Two volumes of Emily’s letters, highly edited, appeared </li></ul><ul><li>Susan Dickinson (Austin’s wife) published some poems in literary magazines, such as Scribner’s Magazine and The Independent </li></ul><ul><li>Martha Dickenson Bianchi (Emily’s niece) published a series of collections between 1914 and 1929 </li></ul><ul><li>Other volumes followed throughout the 1930s </li></ul>
  24. 26. Poems: Third Series was published in 1896…
  25. 27. In 1960… <ul><li>The Complete Poems of Emily Dickinson was published by Thomas H. Johnson </li></ul><ul><li>It contained all 1,775 of her poems—all unedited </li></ul><ul><li>Various books of her poems and letters have been published since </li></ul>
  26. 29. Emily is known for… <ul><li>Unconventional broken rhyming meter </li></ul><ul><li>The use of dashes </li></ul><ul><li>Random capitalization </li></ul><ul><li>Use of metaphor </li></ul><ul><li>Varied line lengths </li></ul><ul><li>No titles </li></ul><ul><li>Various genres </li></ul>
  27. 30. Emily Dickinson is… <ul><li>Considered one of the most original poets of the 19 th century </li></ul><ul><li>Placed alongside such poets as Walt Whitman and Robert Frost </li></ul><ul><li>Taught in grade school, high school and college </li></ul><ul><li>A powerful and persistent figure of American culture </li></ul><ul><li>Heralded as the greatest woman poet in the English language </li></ul>
  28. 32. Works Consulted <ul><li>“ Emily Dickinson.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. 12 July 2008 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emily_Dickinson </li></ul><ul><li>“ Emily Dickinson.” The Literature Network. 12 July 2008 http://www.online-literature.com/dickinson/ </li></ul>
  29. 33. Pictures <ul><li>Slide # 3: Emily in black dress from http://cache.eb.com/eb/image?id=62015&rendTypeId=4 </li></ul><ul><li>Slide # 5: Emily’s parents from http://andrejkoymasky.com/liv/fam/biod2/dick4/dick2.jpg and http://andrejkoymasky.com/liv/fam/biod2/dick4/dick3.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>Slide # 6: Emily and siblings from http://andrejkoymasky.com/liv/fam/biod2/dick4/dick1.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>Slide # 10: “Wild Nights – Wild Nights!” from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/be/Emily_Dickinson_%22Wild_nights%22_manuscript.jpg/180px-Emily_Dickinson_%22Wild_nights%22_manuscript.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>Slide # 12: The Republican from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6c/Emilyrepublican.jpg/180px-Emilyrepublican.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>Slide # 14: Higginson from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/a/a2/Thomas_Wentworth_Higginson.jpg/180px-Thomas_Wentworth_Higginson.jpg </li></ul>
  30. 34. Pictures (Cont’d) <ul><li>Slide # 23: Poems from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4f/Emily_Dickinson_Poems_%281890%29.djvu/page1-300px-Emily_Dickinson_Poems_%281890%29.djvu.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>Slide # 24: Poems: Second Series from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4f/Emily_Dickinson_Poems_%281890%29.djvu/page1-300px-Emily_Dickinson_Poems_%281890%29.djvu.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>Slide # 25: Poems: Third Series from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/cb/Emily_Dickinson_Poems_-_third_series_%281896%29.djvu/page1-381px-Emily_Dickinson_Poems_-_third_series_%281896%29.djvu.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>Slide # 28: “Rowing in Eden” from http://www.emilydickinson.org/resources/smith_rowing/p68image.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>Slide # 30: Emily sitting from http://www.writespirit.net/authors/emily_dickinson/Emily%20Dickinson.JPG </li></ul>