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Paulconnettmasccc2014toxicsreduction

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Presentation at Massachusetts Sustainable Communities and Campuses Conference

Presentation at Massachusetts Sustainable Communities and Campuses Conference

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  • 1. Getting Ten Toxics Out of Our Lives Paul Connett, PhD Professor Emeritus of Environmental Chemistry St. Lawrence University, Canton, NY Director, Fluoride Action Network www.FluorideALERT.org pconnett@gmail.com Lowell, April 17, 2014
  • 2. TOXIC # 1 Let’s get FLUORIDE out of the public water supply
  • 3. How Hazardous Waste Ended Up in Our Drinking Water and the Bad Science and Powerful Politics That Keep It There THE CASE AGAINST Fluoride PAUL CONNETT, PhD James Beck, MD, PhD | H. Spedding Micklem, DPhil ....... A New Look at the Scientific Evidence ....... Book published by Chelsea Green October, 2010 Can be ordered on Amazon.com See FluorideAlert.org for more information
  • 4. James Beck, MD, PhD, A retired professor of Physics from Calgary
  • 5. HS Micklem, D Phil (Oxon) A retired professor of Biology from Edinbrgh
  • 6. 1) Undeniable Facts
  • 7. FACT 1: The level of fluoride in mothers’ milk is VERY LOW The level is 0.004 ppm (NRC, 2006, p.40)
  • 8. A bottle-fed baby in fluoridated community (0.7 – 1.2 ppm) gets 175-300 times more than a breast-fed baby
  • 9. Biochemistry n  FACT 2: Not one single biological process in the human body has been shown to require fluoride… BUT
  • 10. Biochemistry n FACT 3: Many biological processess have been shown to be harmed by fluoride given a sufficient tissue concentration
  • 11. n  FACT 4: About 50-60% of the fluoride ingested each day is excreted in the urine but the rest accumulates in the bone and other calcifying tissues. The first symptoms of fluoride’s poisoning of the bone and connective tissues (skeletal fluorosis) are identical to arthritis.
  • 12. n  FACT 5: The chemicals used to fluoridate are not pharmaceutical grade but industrial grade waste products from the phosphate fertilizer industry
  • 13. n  FACT 6: Most countries do not fluoridate their water, including 97% of Europe
  • 14. 97% of Western European population now drinks Non-Fluoridated Water Austria Belgium Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Iceland Italy Luxembourg Netherlands Northern Ireland Norway Scotland Sweden Switzerland
  • 15. Austria* Belgium Denmark Finland France* Germany* Greece Iceland Italy Luxembourg Netherlands Northern Ireland Norway Scotland Sweden Switzerland* *Some fluoridate their salt 97% of Western European population now drinks Non-Fluoridated Water
  • 16. FACT 7: According to WHO data tooth decay in 12-year-olds is coming down as fast in F as NF countries
  • 17. SOURCE: World Health Organization. (Data online)
  • 18. 18
  • 19. 19
  • 20. n  FACT 8: Leading proponents of fluoridation now admit that fluoride’s benefit is predominantly TOPICAL not systemic (CDC, 1999, 2001)
  • 21. Fluoride’s main benefit is TOPICAL. It works on the outside of the tooth. “Its actions primarily are topical for both adults and children." Centers for Disease Control, 1999 "Fluoride's predominant effect is posteruptive and topical." Centers for Disease Control, 2001
  • 22. Fluoridation violates common sense n  If fluoride works on the outside of the tooth why swallow it? Why put it in the drinking water? n  If you want fluoride brush your teeth with fluoridated toothpaste and then spit it out. n  This way you avoid exposing tissues that a) don’t need it and b) may be harmed by it n  And you also avoid forcing it on people who don’t want it!
  • 23. n  FACT 9: Based on dental fluorosis rates American kids are being hugely over-exposed to fluoride – from water, from dental products and pesticide and fertilizer residues on food
  • 24. Context on Dental Fluorosis Early promoters thought that at 1 ppm F they could reduce tooth decay and limit dental fluorosis to 10% of children in its very mild form.
  • 25. Very Mild Dental Fluorosis Impacts up to 25% of tooth surface
  • 26. CDC (2010) Beltrán-Aguilar et al. Prevalence and Severity of Dental Fluorosis in the United States, 1999-2004 41% of ALL American children aged 12-15 (average from both fluoridated and non-fluoridated communities) had dental fluorosis
  • 27. CDC, 2010 41%
  • 28. Mild Dental Fluorosis Impacts up to 50% of tooth surface
  • 29. CDC, 2010 41%
  • 30. Moderate- Severe Dental Fluorosis Impacts 100% of tooth surface
  • 31. A KEY QUESTION When fluoride is damaging the baby’s growing tooth cells (causing dental fluorosis) what is it doing to its other developing tissues?
  • 32. FACT 10: Since 1990’s extensive evidence has emerged that fluoride damages the brains of animals and humans
  • 33. Over 40 animal studies show that prolonged exposure to fluoride can damage the brain. 19 animal studies report that mice or rats ingesting fluoride have an impaired capacity to learn and remember. 12 studies (7 human, 5 animal) link fluoride with neurobehavioral deficits 3 human studies link fluoride exposure with impaired fetal brain development 37 out of 43 published studies show that fluoride lowers IQ
  • 34. The Harvard review n Choi et al (the team included Philippe Grandjean) did a meta-analysis of 27 studies comparing IQ in “high” versus “low” fluoride villages . n The study was published in Environmental Health Perspectives (published by NIEHS)
  • 35. Harvard meta-analysis of 27 studies n The Harvard team acknowledged that there were weaknesses in many of the studies, however…
  • 36. n …the results were remarkably consistent n  In 26 of the 27 studies there was lower average IQ in the “high” versus low-fluoride villages. n Average IQ lowering was about 7 IQ points.
  • 37. Promoters claim that the fluoride levels in the “High Fluoride” villages were so high that they are not relevant to fluoridation programs? n THIS IS NOT TRUE. In nine of the studies the “high fluoride village” had concentrations less than 3 ppm
  • 38. Using 1.8 ppm as our starting point and using standard regulatory toxicological procedures - in order to protect all children (including the most sensitive) from lowered IQ they should not drink more than two teaspoons of fluoridated water per day.
  • 39. Dr. Philippe Grandjean “Fluoride seems to fit in with lead, mercury, and other poisons that cause chemical brain drain. The effect of each toxicant may seem small, but the combined damage on a population scale can be serious, especially because the brain power of the next generation is crucial to all of us.” (Harvard Press Release)
  • 40. IQ and population 100 Number of Kids With a Specific IQ IQ
  • 41. IQ and population Very BrightMentally handicapped 100 Number of Kids With a Specific IQ IQ
  • 42. IQ and population 95 100 Number of Kids With a Specific IQ IQ
  • 43. IQ and population Very BrightMentally handicapped 95 100 Number of Kids With a Specific IQ IQ
  • 44. Go to FluorideALERT.org For more information
  • 45. TOXIC # 2 Let’s get SUGAR-LADEN soft drinks out of schools
  • 46. n In 1949, one year before the US Public Health Service endorsed fluoridation, the Sugar Research Foundation (the Sugar Lobby) said the purpose of the foundation’s research was “to find how tooth decay may be controlled effectively without restriction of sugar intake.”
  • 47. The Sugar Lobby then proceeded to pay scientists to promote the benefits of both sugar and water fluoridation.
  • 48. One of these as Dr. Frederick Stare, chairman of Nutrition Department at Harvard. He said that “Coca Cola” was a nutritious drink and for over 40 years campaigned for water fluoridation
  • 49. Frederick Stare, was one of the founding members of the American Council on Science and Health (ACSH) an industry funded group, which has never found a chemical (including dioxin) it didn’t like!
  • 50. Frederick Stare, was one fo the “scientists” who aggresively attacked Rachel Carson when she published her book “The Silent Spring”
  • 51. Has North America’s obsession with water fluoridation contributed to the current epidemic of OBESITY?
  • 52. The Good News is if we were now to put the emphasis on EDUCATION instead of FLUORIDATION (e.g. the Childsmile program in Scotland) we could combine the fight against TOOTH DECAY with the fight against OBESITY.
  • 53. TOXIC # 3 Let’s get MERCURY out of our mouths and out of vaccines
  • 54. So-called “silver fillings” are 50% mercury!
  • 55. The same groups that support fluoridation support mercury amalgams
  • 56. IAOMT versus ADA/FDA IAOMT = The International Academy of Oral Medicine and Toxicology Check out the information on the IAOMT web page on the dangers of mercury amalgams www.iaomt.org ALSO The web page of the Consumers for Dental Choice (Charlie Brown) toxicteeth.org Charlie Brown video plus Top 10 Reasons to Support Mercury-Free Dentistry
  • 57. For many years THIMEROSAL was used as a preservative in vaccines. Thimerosal is based on ETHYL MERCURY i.e. organic mercury
  • 58. How could any responsible health official allow the injection of organic MERCURY directly into a baby’s bloodstream?
  • 59. At one point, babies in the U.S. were receiving a combined dose of organic mercury directly into their bodies, which was 100 times the so-called “safe” level for ingestion!
  • 60. THIMEROSAL is still used as a preservative in some vaccines today (e.g. FLU vaccines)
  • 61. TOXIC # 4 Let’s get FRACKING out of our planet
  • 62. They are using horribly toxic substances (including hydrofluoric acid) which is poisoning the workers and will eventually poison our water
  • 63. Toxic # 5 Let’s get the halogens (Fluorine, Chlorine and Bromine) out of commercial products (e.g. PVC)
  • 64. PVC was invented by the German chemical industry as a way of getting rid of excess chlorine
  • 65. Compare polyethylene with poly vinyl chloride (PVC) n  Poylethylene H etc n  -C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C- n  H n  PVC (Cl replaces H on every other carbon) n  Cl Cl Cl n  -C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C- n  PVC is 58% chlorine by weight
  • 66. PVC is a source of dioxins and furans in manufacture, disposal (incineration) and accidental fires
  • 67. Dioxins - major health concerns •  Dioxins accumulate in animal fat. One liter of cows’ milk gives the same dose of dioxin as breathing air next to the cows for EIGHT MONTHS (Connett and Webster, 1987). •  In one day a grazing cow puts as much dioxin into its body as a human being would get in 14 years of breathing (McLachlan, 1995)! •  Dioxins steadily accumulate in human body fat. The man cannot get rid of them BUT A woman can… •  …by having a baby! •  Thus the highest dose of dioxin goes to the fetus and then to the new born infant via breastfeeding…
  • 68. Dioxins interfere with fetal and infant devlopment n  Dioxins act like fat soluble hormones n  Disrupt at least six different hormonal systems: male and female sex hormones; thyroid hormones; insulin; gastrin and gluocorticoid. n  Linda S. Birnbaum (Health Effects Research Laboratory, US EPA) Developmental Effects of Dioxins Environmental Health Perspectives, 103: 89-94, 1995
  • 69. Our Stolen Future How Man-made Chemicals are Threatening our Fertility, Intelligence and Survival Theo Colborn John Peterson Myers Dianne Dumanoski 1994
  • 70. Dioxin like compounds (DLC) n  3 families n  PCBs n  PCDFs (furans) n  PCDDs (dioxins)
  • 71. Benzene C C C C C C H H H H H H = C6H6
  • 72. BENZENE
  • 73. BIPHENYL
  • 74. One of 209 PCBS
  • 75. One of 209 PCBS PCBs = a family of compounds in which chlorine atoms are substituted for hydrogen at 1 to 10 positions of BIPHENYL . Polychlorinated biphenyls
  • 76. Furans (or PCDFs) have an oxygen atom forming a five membered ring (the furan) between the two benzenes of PCBs. There are 135 furans. Furans (or PCDFs)
  • 77. 2,3,7,8-TETRACHLORODIBENZO-P-DIOXIN Dioxins (or PCDDs) have two oxygen atoms linking the two benzene rings, forming the dioxin ring. There are 75 dioxins. Dioxins (or PCDDs)
  • 78. 2,3,7,8-TETRA CHLORO DIBENZO FURAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
  • 79. There are 17 extremely toxic dioxins and furans. They have chlorine at the 2,3,7 and 8 positions: 7 Dioxins and 10 Furans
  • 80. TOXIC # 6 Let’s get GMOs (and pesticides) out of agriculture
  • 81. Monsanto Again: Round Up and GMOs
  • 82. Nature has been experimenting with the chemistry of living things for millions of years
  • 83. Modern chemistry has been in existence for a mere 200 years. The thought that we could improve on nature’s fundamental designs (DNA etc) is PREPOSTEROUS!
  • 84. Have you ever seen a mouse make love to a strawberry?
  • 85. See Jeffrey Smith’s brilliant book: “The Seeds of Deception.”
  • 86. TOXIC # 7 Let’s get PLASTICS out of the oceans and all throwaway plastics out of our lives
  • 87. Sostenibilita’
  • 88. TOXIC # 8 Let’s get INCINERATION out of waste management
  • 89. INCINERATION Wastes valuable resources (including human resources)
  • 90. MATERIALS RECOVERY FACILITY
  • 91. INCINERATION is a waste of energy
  • 92. Energy Comparison: Recycling versus incineration (ICF consulting, 2005) material Energy savings from recycling GJ/tonne Energy output from incineration GJ/tonne Energy savings recycling versus incineration Newsprint 6.33 2.62 2.4 Fine paper 15.87 2.23 7.1 Cardboard 8.56 2.31 3.7 Other paper 9.49 2.25 4.2 HDPE 64.27 6.30 10.2 PET 85.16 3.22 26.4 Other plastic 52.09 4.76 10.9
  • 93. INCINERATION Doesn’t get rid of landfills
  • 94. Covanta “Combined Ash” monofill, Haverhill, Mass
  • 95. Covanta “Combined Ash” monofill, Haverhill, Mass
  • 96. Incinerators put many highly toxic and persistent substances into the air
  • 97. AIR EMISSIONS CO2 + H2O ACID GASES: HCI, HF, SO2 NOx TOXIC METALS: Pb, Cd, Hg, As, Cr etc NEW COMPOUNDS: PCDDs (DIOXINS) PCDFs (FURANS) PCB’s ETC
  • 98. AIR EMISSIONS CO2 + H2O ACID GASES: HCI, HF, SO2 NOx TOXIC METALS: Pb, Cd, Hg, As, Cr etc NEW COMPOUNDS: PCDDs (DIOXINS) PCDFs (FURANS) PCB’s ETC NANO PARTICLES
  • 99. Size of Particle regulated in incinerator emissionsNANOPARTICLES
  • 100. Incineration and nanoparticles § Nanoparticles are not efficiently captured by air pollution control devices
  • 101. BLOOD Nano particles are so small they can easily cross the lung membrane
  • 102. Nano Pathology n  Once nanoparticles have entered the bloodstream they can easily cross the membranes of every tissue in the body.
  • 103. Aggregati di Piombo, Bario, Cromo, Ferro e Silicio in Cervello. www.stefanomontanari.net
  • 104. Incineration, Nanoparticles & Health Statement of Evidence Particulate Emissions and Health Proposed Ringaskiddy Waste-to-Energy Facility Professor C. Vyvyan Howard MB. ChB. PhD. FRCPath. June 2009 VYV.howard@googlemail.com
  • 105. No scientific response from industry or government to Dr. Howard’s analysis
  • 106. TOXIC # 9 Let’s get WASTE out of the dictionary!
  • 107. Even if you could make incineration safe you could never make it sensible
  • 108. The modern incinerator (or gasifier) is attempting to perfect a bad idea n  Our task in the 21st Century is not to find better ways to destroy discarded materials n  But to stop making packaging and products that have to be destroyed!
  • 109. Our task is to convert a Linear Society into a Circular Society
  • 110. Extraction Production Consumption Waste A LINEAR SOCIETY
  • 111. Extraction of Virgin Materials Production of Manufactured items Consumption Discarded Materials Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon dioxide Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon dioxide ENERGY ENERGY A LINEAR SOCIETY
  • 112. Extraction of Virgin Materials Production of Manufactured items Consumption Discarded Materials Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon dioxide Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon dioxide ENERGY ENERGY GLOBAL WARMING A LINEAR SOCIETY
  • 113. Extraction of Virgin Materials Production of Manufactured items Consumption Discarded Materials Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon dioxide Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon dioxide ENERGY ENERGY GLOBAL WARMING How do waste management practices affect this picture?
  • 114. Extraction of Virgin Materials Production of Manufactured items Consumption Discarded Materials Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon dioxide Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon dioxide ENERGY ENERGY LANDFILLS GLOBAL WARMING
  • 115. Extraction of Virgin Materials Production of Manufactured items Consumption Discarded Materials Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon dioxide Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon dioxide ENERGY ENERGY INCINERATION GLOBAL WARMING
  • 116. Extraction of Virgin Materials Production of Manufactured items Consumption Discarded Materials Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon dioxide Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon dioxide ENERGY ENERGY GLOBAL WARMING RECYCLING OF MATERIALS
  • 117. Extraction of Virgin Materials Production of Manufactured items Consumption Discarded Materials Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon dioxide Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon dioxide ENERGY ENERGY GLOBAL WARMING REUSE OF OBJECTS
  • 118. Extraction of Virgin Materials Production of Manufactured items Consumption Discarded Materials Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon dioxide Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon dioxide ENERGY ENERGY GLOBAL WARMING COMPOSTING
  • 119. Extraction of Virgin Materials Production of Manufactured items Consumption Discarded Materials Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon dioxide Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon dioxide ENERGY ENERGY GLOBAL WARMING REDUCTION
  • 120. Our task is to convert a Throwaway Society into a Sustainable Society
  • 121. As far as sustainability is concerned Every ton of waste that we landfill or incinerate takes us in the wrong direction Whereas, every ton we Compost, Reuse, Recycle, or Avoid Takes us in the right direction
  • 122. TEN STEPS To ZERO WASTE
  • 123. 6. Waste Reduction Initiatives 4. Recycling 5. Reuse, Repair & Deconstruction 1. Source Separation 2. Door to Door Collection 3. Composting 8. Residual Separation & Research Center 9. Better Industrial Design 7. Economic Incentives 10. Interim Landfill 2020
  • 124. 6. Waste Reduction Initiatives 4. Recycling 5. Reuse, Repair & Deconstruction 1. Source Separation 2. Door to Door Collection 3. Composting 8. Residual Separation & Research Center 9. Better Industrial Design 7. Economic Incentives 10. Interim Landfill 2020
  • 125. This plan 1) Is better for the Economy… MORE JOBS 2) Is better for our HEALTH… LESS TOXICS 3) Is better for our UNIVERSITIES MORE MEANING 4) Is better for the PLANET… MORE SUSTAINABLE 5) Is better for our CHILDREN… MORE HOPE
  • 126. TOXIC # 10 Let’s get DISHONEST BUREAUCRATS out of government
  • 127. CIVIL SERVANTS are supposed to be working for the tax-payers
  • 128. We have the right to expect them to give OBJECTIVE information to decision makers.
  • 129. If they can’t do that then we should get rid of them!
  • 130. Let’s look at the propaganda used by some civil servants in the promotion of fluoridation
  • 131. Queensland Health’s promotion of “mandatory” statewide fluoridation) (2007)
  • 132. n  “ In Townsville, water supplies have been fluoridated since 1964, resulting in 65% less tooth decay in children than those in Brisbane” Qld Health newspaper ads Dec 2007
  • 133. How did they get the 65% less decay ?
  • 134. “ Teeth exposed to fluoridated water” Qld Health 2007
  • 135. “ Teeth exposed to fluoridated water” Qld Health 2007 “ Teeth without exposure to fluoridated water” Qld Health 2007
  • 136. Medical officer of health Dr. Hazel Lynn holds up a picture of a child's teeth. Lynn said water fluoridation prevents tooth decay and is a safe practice. (Owen Sound, Sun Times, Jan 31, 2014)
  • 137. What we have here are public servants betraying the public’s trust. This is not healthy in a democratic society.
  • 138. The Ten Toxics again 1) Fluoride out of our water 2) Mercury amalgams out of our mouths and mercury out of vaccines 4) Sugared soft drinks out of schools 5) Pesticides and GMOs out of agriculture
  • 139. The Ten Toxics again 6) The halogens out of commercial products 7) Plastics out of our oceans 8) Incineration out of waste management 9) Waste out of our vocabulary 10) Dishonest bureaucrats out of government.
  • 140. EXTRA SLIDES