Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Kathleenbaskingcc2013
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Introducing the official SlideShare app

Stunning, full-screen experience for iPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Kathleenbaskingcc2013

131
views

Published on

5th Massachusetts Green Career Conference Presentation: Climate Change

5th Massachusetts Green Career Conference Presentation: Climate Change

Published in: Career, Technology

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
131
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION IN MASSACHUSETTS Massachusetts Green Career Conference Kathleen Baskin, Director of Water Policy Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs June 3, 2013
  • 2. Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs MA Global Warming Solutions Act of 2008 Mitigation • Reduce greenhouse gas emissions below 1990 levels by 10-25% by 2020 and 80% reduction by 2050 • “Clean Energy and Climate Plan for 2020” (the 2020 Plan) Adaptation • Convene a committee and prepare a report to Legislature to: “analyze strategies for adapting to the predicted impacts of climate change in the Commonwealth” • MA Climate Change Adaptation Report issued in 2011
  • 3. Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs MA Climate Change Adaptation Report, 2011 • Climate Change Impacts • Natural Resources and Habitat • Key Infrastructure • Human Health and Welfare • Local Economy and Government • Coastal Zone and Oceans • Cross-Cutting Strategies http://www.mass.gov/environment/cca
  • 4. Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs Observed Climate Change in the Northeast • Warmer average annual temperatures - up 2°F since 1970 • Warmer winters - up 5.2°F since 1970 • Sea surface temperatures – up by 2.3°F between 1970-2002 • Sea level rise – 9 inches between 1921-2006 • Decreasing winter snowpack & earlier snowmelt • Earlier flowering plants • Many nesting birds disappearing – 24% breeding bird species have smaller distributions since 1979 • Earlier nesting for 28 migrating bird species on the east coast • More frequent extreme summer heat
  • 5. Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs Ice Storm - 2008 • 550,000 customers affected • ~$70 Million in damages paid by FEMA, National Grid, State and municipalities
  • 6. Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs Hurricane Sandy – 2012 $68 Billion in damages and counting
  • 7. Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs US Thunderstorm Losses (1980-2012) (as presented by Michael Balmer of Willis North America to EBC, 2013 )
  • 8. Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs Top Most Costly Hurricanes in US (as presented by Michael Balmer of Willis North America to EBC, 2013 )
  • 9. Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs Worldwide Natural Catastrophes (1980-2012) (as presented by Michael Balmer of Willis North America to EBC, 2013 )
  • 10. Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs Observed Annual Average Temperature in MA
  • 11. Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs Sea Level Rise in Boston, MA 8” over past 80 years 11
  • 12. Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs Potential Impacts and Vulnerabilities  Sea Level Rise and Flooding  Coastal inundation and storm surges  Property damage and loss of natural habitats  Interruption of key services  Extreme Weather  High winds, hurricanes, storm surges, waves, ice storms, flooding  Reduced emergency response capacity  Precipitation  Decreased summer, increased winter precipitation  Less spring snow melt and earlier peak streamflow  Current 100-year flood every 2-3 years by 2100  Extended low-flow periods, decreased summer water supply  Temperature  Higher temps, more extreme heat
  • 13. Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs Predicted Northeast Climate Change Impacts PARAMETER CURRENT (1961-1990) PREDICTED RANGE by 2100 Annual Temperature (o F) 46 50 to 55 Annual Precipitation (inches) 41 43 to 46 Sea Level Rise (inches) 3.1 11 to 79 Streamflow-spring peak flow (days from January 1) 85 74 to 75 Short Droughts (#/30 yr) 13 16 to 23 Snow Days/Month (days) 5 3 to 1 Length of growing season (days) 184 213 to 227 (Hayhoe et al., 2006)
  • 14. Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs Boston – 5 feet of Sea Level Rise or Surge Source: The Boston Harbor Association, 2013 14
  • 15. Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs Boston – 7.5 feet of Sea Level Rise or Surge Source: The Boston Harbor Association, 2013 15
  • 16. Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs Comparison: 5 feet of Sea Level Rise and Evacuation Routes sources: City of Boston and TBHA 16
  • 17. Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs Potential Losses to Boston with Sea Level Rise (2050) (Photo: www.economicsofplace.com) • 0.65 m (~2 ft) sea level rise = $463 billion in losses • Only 23 of 184 insurance companies surveyed have comprehensive climate change strategies Source: WWF/ Allianz: Major Tipping Points in the Earth’s Climate System and Consequences for the Insurance Sector, 2009; Ceres: Insurer Climate Risk Disclosure Survey 2012 Findings and Recommendations, March 2013
  • 18. Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs • Over 2.5 million customers (~1/3 of MA Population) • 200 million gallons/day to water customers • 350 million gallons of wastewater/day collected and treated, peak capacity of 1.2 billion gallons/day • Deer Island plant protected against Sea Level Rise and power outages • Designed in 1989 • Protected against 100-year flood • Protected against 1.9-foot sea level rise • On-site plant for uninterrupted power MA Water Resources Authority (MWRA) Deer Island WWTP 1 Source: MWRA
  • 19. Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital - Charlestown • Opened April 27, 2013 • 8 stories, 132 beds • Designed for 2 ft of sea level rise as new 100-year flood elevation; first floor is 1.35 ft higher than that • Patient rooms have key-operable windows and are not on ground or lower floors • Mechanical and electrical systems on the roof
  • 20. Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs New York City Subway Vent accommodating increased flooding
  • 21. Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs Amphibious Housing in Netherlands (source: inhabitat.com)
  • 22. Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs Thames Barrier • Designed to close up to 50 times/year • Design life estimated to be 2035 • £534 million (£1.3 billion at 2001 prices) • 570 yards wide across • Activates at water level of 16 feet open closed
  • 23. Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs Implementation of Adaptation Strategies by State Government Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs • convening committee to develop climate scenarios • updating MA Environmental Policy Act public review process to consider effects of climate such as sea level rise • developing priority infrastructure and preparedness projects Department of Environmental Protection • updating tidelands & waterways (Chap 91) regulations to address sea level rise • updated precipitation for wetlands and stream crossings • desktop tool predicts flooding at water/wastewater treatment plants Department of Fish and Game • using BioMap2 and Wildlife Action Plans for conservation and to manage vulnerable habitats
  • 24. Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs Implementation of Adaptation Strategies by State Government Coastal Zone Management • Storm Smart Coasts Program for municipalities • developing visualizations tools and workshops Department of Transportation • effects of sea level rise on Central Artery ($500,000+ budget) • enhancing The Boston Harbor Assn’s SLR model MassPort Authority • disaster and infrastructure resiliency planning at Logan Airport and sea ports ($500,000 budget) Department of Public Health • assessing emergency preparedness of all 351 municipalities (heat waves)
  • 25. Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs Implementation of Adaptation Strategies by Municipalities City of Cambridge • vulnerability analysis • enhance MA DOT model (works off of TBHA model) Boston Redevelopment Authority • inventory of buildings Boston Conservation Commission • sea level rise/wetlands ordinance Metropolitan Area Planning Council (regional planning) • vulnerability analysis of region (101 communities)
  • 26. Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs Types of Disciplines Affected by Climate Change • land conservation • recreation • ecosystems • coastal zone and oceans • rivers and wetlands • local government • public health, health care • insurance • forestry • agriculture • economics • transportation and buildings • water supply, wastewater treatment • dams • solid and hazardous waste • telecommunications • industry and manufacturing • low income consumers • energy • public safety
  • 27. Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs Types of Careers in Climate Change Adaptation • Science • Engineering • Policy • Law • Health care • Public safety • Academia • Construction • Government – local, state, federal • Finance • Insurance • Business • Not-for Profit Advocate
  • 28. Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs Thank you MA Adaptation Report http://www.mass.gov/environment/cca Global Warming Solutions Act http://www.malegislature.gov/Laws/SessionLaws/Acts/20 08/Chapter298 Email: kathleen.baskin@state.ma.us Phone: 617-626-1012