9:30-9:35How do our students and teaching faculty see us?
Last literature review found was completed in March 1987, and identified over 120 articles on this topic.
1959 – ACRL endorses faculty status as a right1970 – ACRL’s Academic Status Committee drafts standards and an official statement
1973 – American Association of University Professors (AAUP), Association of American Colleges and Universities (AACU) and ACRL adopted the “Statement on Faculty Status of College and University LibrariansReaffirmed by ACRL in 2001 and 2007“The function of the librarian as participant in the processes of teaching and research is the essential criterion of faculty status.”Fulfilling professional responsibilities determined by regular reviewBeing eligible for the same personal benefits tenure, promotion, compensation, leaves, R&D funding, academic freedomParticipating in library and institutional governanceAccording to the ACRL, librarians with true faculty status have the same rights and responsibilities as the teaching faculty. Any other arrangement is academic status.
How many librarians with academic status are there?The last formal survey from ARL on this topic was nearly 20 years agoOf 99 responding libraries:35 = faculty eligible for tenure31 = academic status with continuing appointments9 = faculty status with continuing appointments23 = “other”Tenure track = requiring research and publicationContinuing appointment = requiring no publicationThe 1995 SPEC Kit on Non-Librarian Professionalsreports the results of a survey with 95 respondents, of which 56 (59%) libraries reported that they are willing to consider applicants without the M.L.S.degree for professional positions. However, by examining 750 professional job searches that were conducted by this group of 56 libraries during 1991/92-1993/94, the SPEC Kit identified that only 36 (64%) of the 56 libraries reported having filled 110 positions (15% of the positions) with non-M.L.S.professionals.SPEC Kit 2000 - M.L.S. Hiring Requirement111 institutions responded - Just over half (53%) of the libraries reported that they have faculty status at their institution. Of these 59 libraries, 42 (71%) require the M.L.S. for hiring. Conducting a cross-tabulation of the 73 institutions that strictly require the M.L.S. at the time of hiring, 42 institutions (58%) have faculty status. Those with faculty status for librarians responded that their professional standing is in general similar to that of the teaching faculty, but not necessarily equivalent in terms of the qualifying criteria and requirements for the different ranks. Supporting documents show that librarian positions are covered by the faculty handbook at those universities where they have faculty status.
“seek to raise awareness of the important role librarians play in the academic enterprise and to highlight the connections between intellectual freedom, which librarians have traditionally defended, and academic freedom” 2010-11 Report on the Economic Status of the ProfessionThe long-term trend toward contingent faculty appointments has continued: federal data from 2009 confirm that graduate student employees and faculty members serving in contingent appointments now make up more than 75 percent of the total instructional staff.in the two years between 2007 and 2009, the growth in full-time nontenure-track and part-time faculty positions outstripped the increase in tenure-line positions.Detailed analysis of AAUP data for the recessionary period, from 2007–08 to 2010–11, shows a particular pattern in full-time appointments: the total number of faculty members grew, but most of the new appointments were in non-tenure-track positions.
9:502005 editorial in The Chronicle of Higher Education by Steven BellQuestia = for-profit vendor of e-books and journal articlesPromoted itself on MTV when it appeared in 2001targeted at US students
Problems:people will not pay for this type of service if they can get it elsewhere for freestudents can find better ways of accessing the type of information they requirelibraries offer better resources for in-depth study.
Scheduled to open in May 2011The 3,000-square-foot Library Learning Terrace will be located on the ground floor of one of the campus’s residence hallsIt won’t have any books or computers, but it will provide wireless internet access and electrical outlets for laptops and mobile devicesflexible seating options to allow up to 75 students to work individually or collaborativelyspace for tutors, faculty consultations, and study groups. It will also include an outdoor space for use in good weather.The Terrace will be open for students 24/7Library staff will not work there during set hours, but they will announce service times at the site for individual projectssome faculty have shown an interest in holding office hours in the Terrace.
The M.L.S. Program – terminal degreelibrary education at the undergraduate level is not commonmaster's courses are taught at a beginning level that does not assume previous trainingPerceptions is that the length, content, quality, orientation, faculties, and admission standards of their professional schools is not comparable to subject-oriented master’s degrees“I know how to use the library” = assignment requirements don’t correlate with available resources in the library
10:00Regardless of our status, what can we do to improve our image on campus?
10:05Given that debate has been going on about this topic for at least 80 years or so now, where are we?
But You’re Not Real Faculty!
The Issue of Librarian Image on the College CampusKickin’ It Up a Notch: Improving Our Professional Image 2011 Joint Spring Conference
Integral partners in the educational process? Glorified clerks?Joint Spring Conference - 15 April 2011
Literature supporting this begins during the 1930s, critical mass reached in the late 1940s Push towards higher status for librarians in academe Based on librarians’ image of themselves as educators Debate continues now Joint Spring Conference - 15 April 2011
Post-WWII Servicemen returning to college under the G.I. Bill Growth in collections, programs, and academic support – librarians’ roles became more complex Joint Spring Conference - 15 April 2011
1973:“The Statement on Faculty Status of College and University Librarians”“Librarians perform a teaching and research role inasmuch as they instruct students formally and informally and advise and assist faculty in their scholarly pursuits. Librarians are also themselves involved in the research function; many conduct research in their own professional interests and in the discharge of their duties.” Joint Spring Conference - 15 April 2011
Faculty ranks (titles) Eligibility for tenure Continuing appointments Equivalent pay scales and vacation time Participation in faculty governance Release time for research/sabbaticals Academic freedom Access to travel and research funding Joint Spring Conference - 15 April 2011
“Academic Status for Librarians in ARL Libraries” Of 99 responding libraries: 35 = faculty eligible for tenure 31 = academic status with continuing appointments 9 = faculty status with continuing appointments 23 = “other” Joint Spring Conference - 15 April 2011
Formed in 2009 to examine the current status of academic librarians Purpose: to “survey the treatment of college and university librarians, focusing particularly on the practices of institutions that grant faculty status to librarians” Joint Spring Conference - 15 April 2011
Increased job security Participation in academic affairs Influence in forming curriculum Participation in the academic life of the college or university Others? Joint Spring Conference - 15 April 2011
Opportunity cost - time and effort required to pursue research and service takes away from “primary responsibilities” 12-month as opposed to 9-month appointments Others? Joint Spring Conference - 15 April 2011
No academic affiliation No physical library building No academic librarians/faculty No personal interaction with students No community Joint Spring Conference - 15 April 2011
Closes nightly Open 24 hours a day, 7 Late fees, books days a week checked out for Books never checked weeks out and no overdue fees Need change for the Print pages for free copier Go ahead, highlight and Not allowed to mark scribble on our pages book pages Automatically records Keeping track of your sources used and sources is a creates bibliography nightmare TRADITIONAL LIBRARY QUESTIA Joint Spring Conference - 15 April 2011
Located in a residence hall No books or computers Space for tutors, faculty consults, etc. No library staff Joint Spring Conference - 15 April 2011
Uncertainty about what librarians do Scholars vs. technicians The Doctorate Parochial attitudes Collection development decisions “I know how to use the library” Lingering stereotypes Nitpicky Inflexible Uninformed Joint Spring Conference - 15 April 2011
Clear communication about not only our resources, but what we do Promotion of information literacy integrated into courses and the curriculum Full participation on campus-wide committees Staying vocal and visible outside the library and off-campus Joint Spring Conference - 15 April 2011
What do you feel is the future of librarians having faculty status? If you have faculty status, do you feel it gives you more job security? What is the faculty’s perception of your professional status and what you do? Do you feel the opportunity cost of having service and research obligations? Do you think that the increasing emphasis on electronic access is making librarians irrelevant? Joint Spring Conference - 15 April 2011
Jennifer BartlettUniversity of Kentucky Libraries email@example.com