Jeffrey J. Sulit BPE-SPE – 3
EDUC115 (MWF)6-7PM June 17, 2014
1. Find the nature of the k 12 curriculum.
K to 12 means Kindergarten and the 12 years of elementary and secondary
Kindergarten refers to the 5-year old cohort that takes a standardized kinder
Elementary education refers to primary schooling that involves six or seven years of
Secondary education refers to high school.
After considering various proposals and studies, the model that is currently being
proposed by DepEd is the K-12 Model. This model involves Kindergarten, six years
of elementary education, four years of junior high school (Grades 7 to 10) and two
years of senior high school (Grades 11 to 12). The two years of senior high school
intend to provide time for students to consolidate acquired academic skills and
2. What are salient points of k-12?
Kindergarten and 12 years of quality basic education is a right of every Filipino, therefore they
must be and will be provided by government and will be free.
Those who go through the 12 years cycle will get an elementary diploma (6 years), a junior high
school diploma (4 years), and a senior high school diploma (2 years).
A full 12 years of basic education will eventually be required for entry into tertiary level education
(entering freshmen by SY 2018-2019).
3. Subject to be taught in k-12 program.
Based on the curriculum guide provided by DepEd, the incoming grade 1 students will be
taking up 6 subjects for an entire school year. Each subject will be taught for a Program will
run on a K-6-4-2 education model, wherein a student has to study in grade school for 6
years, in junior high school for 4 years (grades 7 to 10), and in senior high school for two
years (grades 11 to 12).
The incoming grade 1 students of school year 2012-2011 are the so-called "guinea pigs" of
the program. DepEd started implementing its revised curriculum last school year, when
these students were in kindergarten.
Starting with this batch, no public school student in the Philippines will be admitted to
Grade 1 without taking up kindergarten.
Private schools are also covered by the program, but officials have yet to discuss its
maximum of 40 minutes per day:
Reading and Writing in the Mother Tongue - 40 minutes
Oral Fluency in Filipino - 40 minutes
Edukasyon sa Pagpapakatao (EsP) - 30 minutes
Mathematics or Arithmetic - 30 minutes
Araling Panlipunan (AP) - 30 minutes
Music, Arts, Physical Education, Health (MAPEH) - 30 minutes
When the second half of the school year comes, a 7th subject, Oral Fluency in English, will
be introduced. This subject will be taught for 40 minutes.
Despite the increase in the number of subjects, the total hours to be spent by a first grader
in school would still be less.
Before this, the grade 1 level used to have only 4 subjects, each lasting an hour or more
English - 100 minutes per day
Filipino - 80 minutes per day
Mathmatics - 80 minutes per day
Sibika at Kultura - 60 minutes per day
This set of subjects, along with the schedule, was introduced when DepEd overhauled its
curriculum in 2002. Among the features of this revised curriculum is the inclusion of the
Makabayan was not offered to students in grades 1 to 3, but some concepts of the subject
were integrated in Sibika at Kultura.
Education Secretary Armin Luistro explained that the shortened time will "make education
less stressful and more enjoyable for our young learners."
DepEd has already prepared revised curriculums for grades 2 to 6, but these will not yet be
implemented until the incoming grade 1 students reach these levels.
Incoming grade 2 to 6 students in June 2012 will not be covered anymore by the new
program -- at least for the duration of their stay in grade school.
Still no Science
Just like in the old curriculum, Science will still not be offered as a separate subject to grade
In the 2002 revised curriculum, Science and Health concepts were integrated in English.
But in the new program, Science will be integrated into more subjects: Mother Tongue,
English, Health, and Math.
In a forum with businessmen on March 28, Luistro explained that DepEd wants to promote the
idea that "science is a study of everyday life."
"These concepts and skills are integrated rather than discipline-based, stressing the
connections across science topics and other disciplines as well as applications of concepts
and thinking skills to real life," he said.
Just like in the old curriculum, the K to 12 program will offer Science as a separate subject
starting grade 3.
High school freshmen included
The revised curriculum will also be introduced to incoming high school freshmen, or the
grade 7 students.
They will have 2 years added in their high school period. The additional years will offer
students subjects or electives that will offer specialization depending on the occupation or
career track that students wish to pursue.
Incoming 2nd to 4th year high school students will not encounter these additional years in
high school anymore.
Based on the curriculum guide by DepEd, grade 7 will have the same subjects as in grade 1,
minus the Mother Tongue subject, since this will be offered from grades 1 to 3 only. But the high
school freshmen will have the Technology and Livelihood Education (TLE) subject, which
will offer various skill-enhancing topics for the entire high school level.
4. OBE lesson plan.
Before beginning to plan your lessons, first develop a list of learning outcomes for your class.
The more specific and focused the outcomes, the better you will be in designing lessons that are
on track and enjoyable for both you and your students.
Before designing a lesson, make sure you are familar with these three areas of education:
1. Student need (based on previous assessments of application of skills)
2. Lesson objective (based on student needs identified)
3. Learning outcome (based on lesson's objective, a product that will show evidence of
The lesson's objective should be based on the students' needs. This will also determine the
materials and subject content used in a lesson. The lesson strategies and circumstances should
equip students with the knowledge needed to meet the learning outcome successfully. The
learning outcome, or product of learning, is the evidence that shows the learning objective has
been met successfully and learning has certainly taken place during that lesson.
Identifying students' need: A set of writing samples from a second grade class shows more than
90% of the students have not shown consistent mastery of using capitals for proper nouns,
specifically names of locations. The need has been identified.
Writing the lesson objective based on need identified: Now that the need is identified, the
objective for the lesson is written. Lesson objective: students will apply knowledge of
capitalization of proper names, specifically names of towns, cities, states and countries.