White tailed deer


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White tailed deer

  1. 1. White-tailed DeerOdocoileus virginianus By Anthony Kessler
  2. 2. Whitetail deer terms Buck-Male deer Spike buck-two single horns and only a main beam that doesn’t split Button buck- yearling with no horns Doe- female deer Fawn- Deer with spots acting as camouflage breakup Scrape- scratching on the ground to attract breeding females; In my experience close to scrape is usually a rub or a snapped twig Rub- territorial marking of a tree and also to remove velvet
  3. 3. Buck in Velvet
  4. 4. Spike buck
  5. 5. Button buck: Pronounced knobs on foreheadwhere the horns would be at.
  6. 6. Doe with fawn
  7. 7. Rub
  8. 8. Old ScrapeTrack found in scrape
  9. 9. Bedding area for 2 doe seen inlater picture
  10. 10. Scat
  11. 11. Facts White-tailed deer grow up to 6ft to 7.75ft tall Lifespan of a captive deer 6 to 14 years Average lifespan of wild deer in Pennsylvania -3 ½ for a buck yet they are scarce in heavily hunted areas and doe is older Deer like a varying diet that is why they are called browsers
  12. 12. Habitat of Pennsylvania Farmland Forests Large quantity of varying  Most Favored habitat of a food sources deer Edge habitat  Diet of acorns and wild plants
  13. 13. Edge+ Farmland habitat: Close to cover andaccess to food sources
  14. 14. Forest
  15. 15. Suburban City’s Land Broken up by small parks and recreational areas  Little to no cover to offer for Variety of flowering plants deer and trees for food source  Low food Offer a lot of protection from hunting which is why larger  Undesirable area for deer bucks are found here but not much area for hiding
  16. 16. Suburban
  17. 17. City/small town
  18. 18. CWD info and articles What is chronic wasting disease? It is a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy acts similar to Mad Cow Disease First found in Mule Deer over 30 years ago Disease believed to have evolved from Scrapie which is found in sheep Clinical Features:• Adults: 17 months to >15 years• Most 3-5 years• Sex: males, females• No strict seasonality• Clinical duration:• days to >1year, usually months• Incubation period: min: ~17 months, max: unknown Signs are excessive drinking, urination, drooling, and salvation In postmortem examinations usually finds aspiration pneumonia
  19. 19. Deer with CWD
  20. 20. Pa. confirms 1st case of fatal deer diseaseThe Associated PressUpdated: 10/11/2012 09:47:30 PM EDTHARRISBURG, Pa.—The states first case of chronic wasting disease has been found at a centralPennsylvania deer farm, and agriculture officials said Thursday they are working to prevent the fatalillness from spreading among animals.Officials have quarantined the property in New Oxford, Adams County, where a captive white-taileddeer tested positive for the neurological disease. Farms in Williamsport, Lycoming County, andDover, York County, are also quarantined due to direct links to the infected deer. The animal died lastmonth, and its owner submitted the carcass for testing as part of Pennsylvanias monitoring programfor the illness, state veterinarian Craig Shultz told the Evening Sun of Hanover. Pennsylvania is the23rd state to have a confirmed case of chronic wasting disease, which is deadly to deer, elk andmoose, and can be spread among animals through bodily fluids. There is no evidence the infection canbe transmitted to humans, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The sicknesshas not been found in the states wild deer population, said Pennsylvania Game Commission ExecutiveDirector Carl G. Roe. "Concerns over (chronic wasting disease) should not prevent anyone fromenjoying deer hunting and consuming meat from healthy animals." Roe said in a statement. Still, Roesaid that hunters should shoot only healthy-looking animals, and take precautions like wearing rubbergloves when field-dressing their deer and washing thoroughly when finished. Symptoms of chronicwasting disease include weight loss, excessive salivation, increased drinking and urination, andabnormal behavior like stumbling, trembling and depression. There is no cure or vaccine. Publiceducation and outreach efforts are being coordinated by a state task force that includesrepresentatives of the departments of Agriculture, Environmental Protection and Health, as well as thePennsylvania Game Commission and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. "Pennsylvania has anaggressive chronic wasting disease surveillance program and a strong response plan," state AgricultureSecretary George Greig said in a statement. Chronic wasting disease was first discovered in Coloradocaptive mule deer in 1967. Pennsylvania has conducted monitoring for the illness since 1998.Online:Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture: http://www.agriculture.state.pa.us
  21. 21. Sightings September September 7th, 2012 Temperature 50s clear and sunny Location: Behind house from climbing tree stand about 30ft up. Time 6:30-7:30; 5 doe –one was yearling with spots September 14th, 2012 Temp. 50-60s clear and sunny Location: Behind house spooked as entering woods at 6:15 it was 4 doe; after that I went off to the barn to sit at the brush edge and saw 2 yearlings and 2 doe enter the field just before dark
  22. 22. November Sightings November 6th, 2012 Temp. 20 time 7:15 out of area on Snyder lane farm; 1 doe Nov. 7th, 2012 time 6:15 Location: corn field parallel to blueberry farm 4 doe along road eating corn Nov. 10th, 2012 temp. 50 PGC sent out CWD letter; 3 doe at 6:15; 11 deer at 10:15; 3 more at 11:00 Nov. 11th, 2012 clear sky temp. 39 3 doe at 5:15; 8 doe at 6:00 and 1 buck Nov 13th, 2012 clear sky temp 39 3 doe at 5:15 8 doe at 6:00 1 Buck not sure of size Nov 22nd, 2012 overcast sky with moon 14 deer total at about 5:00 Nov 23rd, 2012 cloudy sky 1 doe and one 6-12 pt. buck at 9:30 spotting
  23. 23. Sighting areas
  24. 24. 2 Whitetail doe
  25. 25. Alfalfa grass favored food source oflocal deer
  26. 26. Apple trees seasonal food source
  27. 27. Funny thing with this picturebefore I took it less than 20ft wasa bedded doe.
  28. 28. Trail camera pictures of a localBuck
  29. 29. Work Cited1. "Chronic Wasting Disease." Chronic Wasting Disease. Web. 09 Oct. 2012. <http://www.cwd-info.org/>.2. "Deer and Deer Management." Deer and Deer Management. Web. 09 Oct. 2012. <http://www.portal.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/community/deer/11949>.3. Gutschow, Gregg. Secrets of the Whitetail Pros. Minnetonka, MN: North American Hunting Club, 1998. Print.4. "Pennsylvania Symbols, Animal: White-tailed Deer." - SHG Resources. Web. 09 Oct. 2012. <http://www.shgresources.com/pa/symbols/animal/>.5. "White-tailed Deer - Odocoileus Virginianus." White-tailed Deer. Web. 09 Oct. 2012. <http://www.nhptv.org/natureworks/whitetaileddeer.htm>.6. "White-Tailed Deer." National Geographic. Web. 09 Oct. 2012. <http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/white-tailed-deer/>.
  30. 30. Photo Citations1. "White-Tailed Deer." National Geographic. Web. 02 Dec. 2012.2. 2008 11-16 Little Buck Deer 1338.46. 2008. Photograph. Flickr3. A Buck 2.93. 2009. Photograph. Flickr, Ocean Shores, Washington.4. Craig, Lewis. Deer Head Cervus Elaphus. Photograph. Public Domain Image Picture5. Konig, Jennifer. Man Is in the Forest. 2011. Photograph. Flickr, Beacon Mills.6. Stag Deer. 2012. Photograph. BlogSpot, Google.7. Paskus, Laura. Deer with CWD. 2012. Kunm.org.