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White tailed deer

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  • 1. White-tailed DeerOdocoileus virginianus By Anthony Kessler
  • 2. Whitetail deer terms Buck-Male deer Spike buck-two single horns and only a main beam that doesn’t split Button buck- yearling with no horns Doe- female deer Fawn- Deer with spots acting as camouflage breakup Scrape- scratching on the ground to attract breeding females; In my experience close to scrape is usually a rub or a snapped twig Rub- territorial marking of a tree and also to remove velvet
  • 3. Buck in Velvet
  • 4. Spike buck
  • 5. Button buck: Pronounced knobs on foreheadwhere the horns would be at.
  • 6. Doe with fawn
  • 7. Rub
  • 8. Old ScrapeTrack found in scrape
  • 9. Bedding area for 2 doe seen inlater picture
  • 10. Scat
  • 11. Facts White-tailed deer grow up to 6ft to 7.75ft tall Lifespan of a captive deer 6 to 14 years Average lifespan of wild deer in Pennsylvania -3 ½ for a buck yet they are scarce in heavily hunted areas and doe is older Deer like a varying diet that is why they are called browsers
  • 12. Habitat of Pennsylvania Farmland Forests Large quantity of varying  Most Favored habitat of a food sources deer Edge habitat  Diet of acorns and wild plants
  • 13. Edge+ Farmland habitat: Close to cover andaccess to food sources
  • 14. Forest
  • 15. Suburban City’s Land Broken up by small parks and recreational areas  Little to no cover to offer for Variety of flowering plants deer and trees for food source  Low food Offer a lot of protection from hunting which is why larger  Undesirable area for deer bucks are found here but not much area for hiding
  • 16. Suburban
  • 17. City/small town
  • 18. CWD info and articles What is chronic wasting disease?
  • 19. Pa. confirms 1st case of fatal deer diseaseThe Associated PressUpdated: 10/11/2012 09:47:30 PM EDTHARRISBURG, Pa.—The states first case of chronic wasting disease has been found at a centralPennsylvania deer farm, and agriculture officials said Thursday they are working to prevent thefatal illness from spreading among animals.Officials have quarantined the property in New Oxford, Adams County, where a captive white-tailed deer tested positive for the neurological disease. Farms in Williamsport, Lycoming County,and Dover, York County, are also quarantined due to direct links to the infected deer. Theanimal died last month, and its owner submitted the carcass for testing as part ofPennsylvanias monitoring program for the illness, state veterinarian Craig Shultz told theEvening Sun of Hanover. Pennsylvania is the 23rd state to have a confirmed case of chronicwasting disease, which is deadly to deer, elk and moose, and can be spread among animalsthrough bodily fluids. There is no evidence the infection can be transmitted to humans,according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The sickness has not been found inthe states wild deer population, said Pennsylvania Game Commission Executive Director Carl G.Roe. "Concerns over (chronic wasting disease) should not prevent anyone from enjoying deerhunting and consuming meat from healthy animals." Roe said in a statement. Still, Roe saidthat hunters should shoot only healthy-looking animals, and take precautions like wearingrubber gloves when field-dressing their deer and washing thoroughly when finished. Symptomsof chronic wasting disease include weight loss, excessive salivation, increased drinking andurination, and abnormal behavior like stumbling, trembling and depression. There is no cure orvaccine. Public education and outreach efforts are being coordinated by a state task force thatincludes representatives of the departments of Agriculture, Environmental Protection andHealth, as well as the Pennsylvania Game Commission and the U.S. Department of Agriculture."Pennsylvania has an aggressive chronic wasting disease surveillance program and a strongresponse plan," state Agriculture Secretary George Greig said in a statement. Chronic wastingdisease was first discovered in Colorado captive mule deer in 1967. Pennsylvania has conductedmonitoring for the illness since 1998.Online:Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture: http://www.agriculture.state.pa.us
  • 20. Lyme disease
  • 21. Sightings September September 7th, 2012 Temperature 50s clear and sunny Location: Behind house from climbing tree stand about 30ft up. Time 6:30-7:30; 5 doe –one was yearling with spots September 14th, 2012 Temp. 50-60s clear and sunny Location: Behind house spooked as entering woods at 6:15 it was 4 doe; after that I went off to the barn to sit at the brush edge and saw 2 yearlings and 2 doe enter the field just before dark
  • 22. November Sightings November 6th, 2012 Temp. 20 time 7:15 out of area on Snyder lane farm; 1 doe Nov. 7th, 2012 time 6:15 Location: corn field parallel to blueberry farm 4 doe along road eating corn Nov. 10th, 2012 temp. 50 PGC sent out CWD letter; 3 doe at 6:15; 11 deer at 10:15; 3 more at 11:00 Nov. 11th, 2012 clear sky temp. 39 3 doe at 5:15; 8 doe at 6:00 and 1 buck Nov 13th, 2012 clear sky temp 39 3 doe at 5:15 8 doe at 6:00 1 Buck not sure of size Nov 22nd, 2012 overcast sky with moon 14 deer total at about 5:00 Nov 23rd, 2012 cloudy sky 1 doe and one 6-12 pt buck at 9:30 spotting
  • 23. Sighting areas
  • 24. 2 Whitetail doe
  • 25. Alfalfa grass favored food source oflocal deer
  • 26. Apple trees seasonal food source
  • 27. Funny thing with this picturebefore I took it less than 20ft wasa bedded doe.
  • 28. Trail camera pictures of Deer
  • 29. Work Cited