The development of transportation in america from 1790 1860


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The development of transportation in america from 1790 1860

  1. 1. The development of Transportation in America from 1790-1860 By: Sierra Garrison, Cory Selig, Cammy Chambers
  2. 2. Railroad Systems <ul><li>The first railroad charter was granted to John Stevens in 1815 </li></ul><ul><li>Work soon began on the first operational railroads </li></ul><ul><li>Surveying, mapping, and construction began on the Baltimore and Ohio railroad in 1830 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Railroad Systems Continued <ul><li>Early railroad surveys and construction were financed by private investors </li></ul><ul><li>Steam power railroads had competition from canals so many partially completed lines were abandoned </li></ul><ul><li>The transcontinental railroad was supported by the government and it created the Union Pacific and the Central Pacific Railways which met at Utah </li></ul>
  4. 4. Trains <ul><li>Richard Trevitick invented the first train in 1803 but it wasn’t very successful; George Stephenson and Timothy Hackworth developed it further in usable form. </li></ul><ul><li>The first passengers were carried on the Stockton and Darlington Railway in 1825 but it was mostly a coal train. The first passenger only railway was the Liverpool and Manchester built in 1830 </li></ul>
  5. 5. Pony Express <ul><li>Romantic, bold, daring, ROMANTIC, adventurous. </li></ul><ul><li>Existed for 19 months from April 3 rd 1860 to October 24 th 1861. </li></ul><ul><li>Across a 2,000 mile long trail with 100 stations, 80 riders, and around 450 horses </li></ul><ul><li>The Pacific Telegraph line ended the Pony Express </li></ul>
  6. 6. Steam Engine <ul><li>Thomas Savery was an English military engineer who patented the 1 st crude steam engine based of the 1 st pressure cooker made in 1679. He used this first version to pump water out of coal mines. </li></ul><ul><li>James Watt improved upon his design to use it for transportation purposes. </li></ul><ul><li>All other inventions were derived or used the steam engine which is why it was so important . </li></ul>
  7. 7. Steam Boats <ul><li>1791 the first U.S. patent for a steam boat granted to John Fitch </li></ul><ul><li>his idea needed improvements to make it a commercial success. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Clipper Ships <ul><li>It was originally designed to move small amounts of very high value cargo over large distances in a small amount of time. </li></ul><ul><li>It was built for speed not volume </li></ul>
  9. 9. Canal Systems <ul><li>By 1800 the most practical way of travel was via the waterways </li></ul><ul><li>Man made water ways used for shipping that preceded trains and other forms of travel. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Erie Canal <ul><li>Proposed in 1808, completed in 1825 </li></ul><ul><li>Runs from Lake Erie to the Hudson river </li></ul><ul><li>July 4 th 1817, governor Dewitt Clinton broke ground for construction </li></ul>
  11. 11. Horse Drawn Omnibus <ul><li>In the early 1800’s the omnibus was the first mode of public transportation in large cities. </li></ul><ul><li>In the winter they would replace the wheels with sleds and use the omnibus as a horse drawn sleigh. </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Lancaster Turnpike <ul><li>Started in 1794 which started in Philadelphia became the United States first toll road. </li></ul>
  13. 13. The National Road <ul><li>The first paved highway in 1818 that extended west from Cumberland, Maryland </li></ul><ul><li>It was maintained through congressional appropriations. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Works Cited <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>,articleId-25035.html </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>