Much infomation is necessary when researching a particular social issue.
An adequate conceptual framework is necessary to present the problem in a clear and testable statement or hypothesis.
Through participant observation the researcher can amass rich information about the daily chores and activities of the group.
Trust and confidence from the informants have to be secured.
This method was developed by the anthropologists out of their experience with so-called primitive people or societies.
A trend in research on development in the Philippines involves the people who are the target of development in the research process. * Bautista- people are involved in the social change process with the help of the researcher, & the researcher becomes meaningful becuase it is done in the context of people-centered development.
The sample of elements and occurrences of each category are counted. On the basis of these elements, a description of the form of communication is made.
Experiments are seldom used by social scientists because of the difficulty of putting real life situations in a laboratory.
Answers are likely to reveal what people say more than what they actually do. Responses are sometimes self-serving.
Rapport has to be established between the interviewer and the interviewee.
Migration: data may be borrowed from the National Census Officer Crime: data may be borrowed from the PNP. Data may be borrowed from various government agencies: DOH, DEPED. DOLE Private agencies: WHO, inscurance companies, business office
If it is possible to replicate the study, then a replication must be made. If there are contradictions in subsequent research, what brought them about must be investigated. The hypothesis may then be reformulated.
It must be clearly stated , and the rationale or objectives of the research given.
The source of a research problem may be one’s individual experience or hunches, or from other research findings.
Concepts have to be defined clearly.
The Research Process
The Research Process Research Problem Explanatory (aims to find out why things are as they are or to note the cause-effect relationship between variables) Descriptive (aims to discover what is there)
It entails the people’s conscious reflections on what action and goals they consider possible and how they can mobilize their resources to attain these ends. (Hollnsteiner, 1984)
A process by which the people, together with the researcher, examine, analyze the problem, analyze the results in a broad structural context, and make long-range and short-term action plans to solve the problems. (Bautista, 1981)
Structured Interview – the interviewer follows a relatively more definite order of questions, & from the respondents’ answers’ he/she can acquire greater data.
Unstructured Interview – the interviewers prepares a set of possibly significant questions or topics to ask whenever the opportunity occurs. The interviewer motivates the respondents to talk so that he/she can get important information.