Abortion Abortion . By: Jeanath Amelon
What is abortion? <ul><li>An abortion is the premature exit of the products of conception (the fetus, fetal membranes, and...
It is the loss of a pregnancy and does not refer to why that pregnancy was lost.  </li></ul>
The Abortion Issue <ul><li>The history of abortion in the U.S. </li><ul><li>Mid-1800’s:  Prior to 20 weeks was legal
1900’s: Physicians joined with other groups - stating untrained people were performing them.  All states made abortion ill...
Moral Considerations <ul><li>Pro-life :  The fertilized egg is a human being from the moment of conception and therefore a...
Women unable or unwilling to raise the children should consider placing him/her up for adoption
Abortion has destructive effects on our traditional morals and values </li></ul></ul>
Moral Considerations <ul><li>Pro-Choice : There are distinct stages of fetal development and that preserving the fetus ear...
If not legal then unsafe and unregulated practices would occur
Women would be divided into those who could afford and those who could not.
Some physicians would be forced to break the law </li></ul></ul>
Personal Considerations <ul><li>Moral arguments
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Abortion

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Transcript of "Abortion"

  1. 1. Abortion Abortion . By: Jeanath Amelon
  2. 2. What is abortion? <ul><li>An abortion is the premature exit of the products of conception (the fetus, fetal membranes, and placenta) from the uterus.
  3. 3. It is the loss of a pregnancy and does not refer to why that pregnancy was lost. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Abortion Issue <ul><li>The history of abortion in the U.S. </li><ul><li>Mid-1800’s: Prior to 20 weeks was legal
  5. 5. 1900’s: Physicians joined with other groups - stating untrained people were performing them. All states made abortion illegal </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Moral Considerations <ul><li>Pro-life : The fertilized egg is a human being from the moment of conception and therefore an abortion is murder. </li><ul><li>Any women having sex knows pregnancy is possible - she has a moral obligation
  7. 7. Women unable or unwilling to raise the children should consider placing him/her up for adoption
  8. 8. Abortion has destructive effects on our traditional morals and values </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Moral Considerations <ul><li>Pro-Choice : There are distinct stages of fetal development and that preserving the fetus early in pregnancy is not the ultimate moral concern. </li><ul><li>Women should have the right to make their own decisions
  10. 10. If not legal then unsafe and unregulated practices would occur
  11. 11. Women would be divided into those who could afford and those who could not.
  12. 12. Some physicians would be forced to break the law </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Personal Considerations <ul><li>Moral arguments
  14. 14. Short and long term ramifications
  15. 15. Legal arguments </li></ul>
  16. 16. Reasons why women choose abortions
  17. 17. <ul><li>Two categories </li><ul><li>Surgical - 98% of all abortions
  18. 18. Medical </li></ul><li>Ends a pregnancy before birth takes place </li><ul><li>Miscarriage/Spontaneous abortion - embryo or fetus dies in the uterus and is expelled by the body
  19. 19. Ending a pregnancy voluntarily - induced abortion
  20. 20. Approx. 88 % of all abortions are performed during the first trimester
  21. 21. Typically performed at a clinic, health center, or in a doctors office.
  22. 22. Women are usually able to return home an hour or so later </li></ul></ul>Methods of Abortion
  23. 23. Suction Curettage <ul><li>Early abortion; about 6 th to 12 th week
  24. 24. After a few hours in recovery the woman can retVacuumurn home
  25. 25. Used about 90% of all abortions
  26. 26. Vagina is washes with antiseptic, Anesthetic is injected into or near the cervix.
  27. 27. Cervix is gently and gradually stretched over a 24 hour period.
  28. 28. After dilation a tube connected to a suction machine gently empties the uterus
  29. 29. After suction a Curette (narrow metal loop) gently scrapes the walls of the uterus </li></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>Medical Abortion
  31. 31. Choose to use a combination of drugs to end the pregnancy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Advantages and Disadvantages
  32. 32. Drugs used: </li><ul><li>Mifepristone </li><ul><li>Blocks the effect of progesterone </li></ul><li>Misoprostol </li><ul><li>Induces contractions </li></ul><li>Methotrexate </li><ul><li>Stops the embryonic or fetal cells from dividing </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Abortion After the First Trimester
  33. 33. Complications of Abortion <ul><li>Possible physical effects </li><ul><li>Fever above 100º F.
  34. 34. Abdominal pain or tenderness
  35. 35. Swelling
  36. 36. Backache
  37. 37. Prolonged or Heavy bleeding
  38. 38. Foul smelling vaginal discharge
  39. 39. Vomiting
  40. 40. Fainting
  41. 41. Delay of 6 or more weeks in resuming menstruation </li></ul></ul>
  42. 42. <ul><li>Possible feels after having an abortion </li><ul><li>Guilt
  43. 43. New strength in having made and carried out an important decision
  44. 44. Depression
  45. 45. Sense of loss
  46. 46. Negative feelings about sex
  47. 47. Relationship may end
  48. 48. Anger
  49. 49. Bitterness </li></ul></ul>Possible Psychological Effects
  50. 50. The End...
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