Reading Problems: A National Dilemma
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Reading Problems: A National Dilemma

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    Reading Problems: A National Dilemma Reading Problems: A National Dilemma Presentation Transcript

    • “Reading is not an elective in life, but a necessity.”Jon Scieszka
      Chapter 1: Overview of Reading and Reading Problems
      Presented by: Melissa Antonelli, and Jaclyn Clark
    • Case studies of five students showed a trend in lack of literacy skills in later Elementary school.
      Poor reading skills keep students from the capability of understanding textbooks and completing homework.
      The primary responsibility belongs to the classroom teacher.
      Inspire a love of reading!!!
      This text presents instructional strategies, diagnosis tools, and motivational ideas to help develop readers.
      INTRODUCTION
    • READING PROBLEMS: A NATIONAL DILEMMA
      National Perspective
      Societal woes stemming from lack of literacy
      Unemployment increases
      High school drop outs
      Increase of criminal charges
      Growth of poverty
      Lack of family values
      • Statistics
      85% delinquent children/ 75% prison inmates are illiterate
      $224 billion a year (Cost to taxpayers of adult illiteracy)
      $40 billion annually (Lose to U.S. Companies from illiteracy)
      90 million adults are functionally illiterate
      Only 57% of Americans read a book in 2002
      17.5% / 1million children encounter reading problems
    • READING PROBLEMS: A NATIONAL DILEMMA
      74% of children unsuccessful in 3rd grade are still unsuccessful in 9th grade!
      High tech world needs highly trained people!
      Efficient readers are key to retraining and maintaining employment
      Research shows…
      Reading failure rises major public health problem
      ELL are at a higher risk for problems
      Identify problems early will cause timely intervention
    • PERSONAL STORIES AND HELP
      Nelson Rockefeller
      41st Vice President
      Henry Winker
      The Fonz!
      Jay Leno
      Comedian
      Tom Cruise
      Actor
      HELP…
      • School-or state-sponsored programs
      • Title 1 programs
      • IDEA-2004
      • Private reading education therapists
      Charles Schwab
      Founder
    • DIFFERENT MODELS OF READING ASSESSMENT AND INSTRUCTION
      Response-to-Intervention (RTI)
      Instructional method for all students in general knowledge
      Evidence or Research based instruction
      Learn to read using evidence-based method
      Evidence-Based Instruction
      No Child Left Behind
      Rigorous, systematic, objective procedures to obtain knowledge
      Research has shown errors in this instruction
      Assessment occur only if intervention does not work
      Set up using Tiers of Intervention
    • TIERS OF INTERVENTION
      INCREASING LEVELS OF INTENSITY OF INSTRUCTION
      Tier 1
      High-quality all students
      Scientific or evidence based
      Tier 2
      Smaller groups –
      Supplemental program
      Tier 3
      More intense intervention
      Instructional/behavioral support
      Comprehensive assessments
      Go back a Tier at any point when struggling
    • THE COMPONENTS MODEL OF READING
      • CMR
      • Identifies the components of reading
      • Targets components (difficulty)
    • DIFFERENTIATED INSTRUCTION
      Focus…
      Teaching towards each student’s way of learning and interests
      Not standardized
      Basic Beliefs
      No two children are alike
      No two children learn in an identical way
      It is not possible to treat everyone one the same when it comes to learning
      An enriched environment for one student is not necessarily an enriched environment for another
      Use Diagnostic Assessment
      Determine Student Interest
      Identify Student Style
    • HOW DOES A STUDENT CONSTRUCT MEANING IN READING?
    • KEY ELEMENTS OF TEACHING READING
      Early Literacy
      Word Recognition
      Reading Fluency
      Reading Comprehension
      Reading Vocabulary
      Reading-Writing Connection
      Enjoyment and Appreciation
    • REFERENCEJENNINGS, J. , CALWELL, J. & LERNER, READING PROBLEMS: ASSESSMENT AND TEACHING STRATEGIES (6TH ED.) BOSTON: PEARSON. 2010