Reading Problems: A National Dilemma

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Reading Problems: A National Dilemma

  1. 1. “Reading is not an elective in life, but a necessity.”Jon Scieszka<br />Chapter 1: Overview of Reading and Reading Problems<br />Presented by: Melissa Antonelli, and Jaclyn Clark<br />
  2. 2. Case studies of five students showed a trend in lack of literacy skills in later Elementary school. <br />Poor reading skills keep students from the capability of understanding textbooks and completing homework.<br />The primary responsibility belongs to the classroom teacher. <br />Inspire a love of reading!!!<br />This text presents instructional strategies, diagnosis tools, and motivational ideas to help develop readers. <br />INTRODUCTION<br />
  3. 3. READING PROBLEMS: A NATIONAL DILEMMA<br />National Perspective<br />Societal woes stemming from lack of literacy<br />Unemployment increases<br />High school drop outs<br />Increase of criminal charges<br />Growth of poverty<br />Lack of family values<br /><ul><li>Statistics</li></ul>85% delinquent children/ 75% prison inmates are illiterate<br />$224 billion a year (Cost to taxpayers of adult illiteracy)<br />$40 billion annually (Lose to U.S. Companies from illiteracy)<br />90 million adults are functionally illiterate<br />Only 57% of Americans read a book in 2002<br />17.5% / 1million children encounter reading problems<br />
  4. 4. READING PROBLEMS: A NATIONAL DILEMMA<br />74% of children unsuccessful in 3rd grade are still unsuccessful in 9th grade!<br />High tech world needs highly trained people!<br />Efficient readers are key to retraining and maintaining employment<br />Research shows…<br />Reading failure rises major public health problem <br />ELL are at a higher risk for problems<br />Identify problems early will cause timely intervention<br />
  5. 5. PERSONAL STORIES AND HELP<br />Nelson Rockefeller<br />41st Vice President<br />Henry Winker<br />The Fonz!<br />Jay Leno<br />Comedian<br />Tom Cruise <br />Actor<br />HELP…<br /><ul><li>School-or state-sponsored programs
  6. 6. Title 1 programs
  7. 7. IDEA-2004
  8. 8. Private reading education therapists</li></ul>Charles Schwab<br />Founder<br />
  9. 9. DIFFERENT MODELS OF READING ASSESSMENT AND INSTRUCTION<br />Response-to-Intervention (RTI)<br />Instructional method for all students in general knowledge<br />Evidence or Research based instruction<br />Learn to read using evidence-based method <br />Evidence-Based Instruction<br />No Child Left Behind<br />Rigorous, systematic, objective procedures to obtain knowledge<br />Research has shown errors in this instruction<br />Assessment occur only if intervention does not work<br />Set up using Tiers of Intervention<br />
  10. 10. TIERS OF INTERVENTION<br />INCREASING LEVELS OF INTENSITY OF INSTRUCTION<br />Tier 1<br />High-quality all students<br />Scientific or evidence based <br />Tier 2<br />Smaller groups – <br />Supplemental program<br />Tier 3<br />More intense intervention<br />Instructional/behavioral support<br />Comprehensive assessments<br />Go back a Tier at any point when struggling<br />
  11. 11. THE COMPONENTS MODEL OF READING<br /><ul><li>CMR
  12. 12. Identifies the components of reading
  13. 13. Targets components (difficulty)</li></li></ul><li>DIFFERENTIATED INSTRUCTION<br />Focus… <br />Teaching towards each student’s way of learning and interests<br />Not standardized<br />Basic Beliefs<br />No two children are alike<br />No two children learn in an identical way<br />It is not possible to treat everyone one the same when it comes to learning<br />An enriched environment for one student is not necessarily an enriched environment for another<br />Use Diagnostic Assessment<br />Determine Student Interest<br />Identify Student Style<br />
  14. 14. HOW DOES A STUDENT CONSTRUCT MEANING IN READING?<br />
  15. 15. KEY ELEMENTS OF TEACHING READING<br />Early Literacy<br />Word Recognition<br />Reading Fluency<br />Reading Comprehension<br />Reading Vocabulary<br />Reading-Writing Connection<br />Enjoyment and Appreciation<br />
  16. 16. REFERENCEJENNINGS, J. , CALWELL, J. & LERNER, READING PROBLEMS: ASSESSMENT AND TEACHING STRATEGIES (6TH ED.) BOSTON: PEARSON. 2010<br />

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