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Public Planting Establishment

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Pests, diseases and vandalism in public spaces and their solutions

Pests, diseases and vandalism in public spaces and their solutions

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Public Planting Establishment Presentation Transcript

  • 1. By Joseph Clancy
    Public Planting Establishment
  • 2. What are Plant Pests
    & Diseases?
    What is Vandalism?
    What are their Effect
    on Public Spaces?
    What are Their Causes?
    How are They Identified?
    What are Their Controls?
    Plant Pests, Diseases & Vandalism
  • 3. Plants Pests
    Plant Pests are Animals
    That Cause Damage To
    Cultivated, Ornamental
    & Vegetable Plants
    Invertebrate Pests
    Animal Pests
    Reason for Secondary Infection
    Vectors of Disease
    Mostly Superficial Damage
    Degrade Visual Appearance
    of Space
    Causes & Effects
  • 4. Plant Diseases & Disorders
    Plant Diseases are Caused
    by Bacteria, Fungi & Viruses
    Secondary Infections
    Spread by Wind, Invertebrates,
    Animals
    Run Rampant in Monocultures
    Plant Disorders Caused by
    Non-Infectious Agents
    Nutrient Deficiency, Pollution
    Can Destroy Planting Systems
    Causes & Effects
  • 5.
  • 6. Vandalism
    Used to Describe Anti-Social
    Behaviour, From Accidental
    to Criminal Activity
    Exists in Several Forms
    Inexplicable
    Deliberate
    Incidental
    Institutionalized
    Roots in Social Environment
    Creates Perception of Danger/
    Dilapidation in a Space
    Causes & Effects
  • 7. Integrated Pest & Disease
    Management
    Best Practice in Limitation
    of Pest & Disease Problems
    Focused on Prevention
    Best Practices
    Survey & Analysis
    Anticipating Future Problems
    Inspection of Plants
    Controls
  • 8. Chemical Controls
    Insecticides
    Systemic
    Contact (Leaf & Insect)
    Fungicides
    Preventive
    Systemic
    Soil Borne Chemicals Banned
    Narrowing Range of Systemic
    Accumulative Toxicity
    Environmental Damage
    Controls
  • 9. Chemical Controls
    Phytotoxicity
    Negative Plant Reaction
    Occurs with Pre-Existing Problems
    Less Likely to Occur in Monocultures
    Chemicals are Wasteful
    Energy (Labour)
    Cost (Money)
    Damage (Environment)
    Immunity (Pests/Disease)
    Controls
  • 10. Organic Controls
    Companion Planting
    Growing Compatible Plants
    Together for Their Mutual Benefit
    Polyculture, not Monoculture
    Increases Resistance to Pests
    & Disease
    P & D run Rampant in Monocultures
    Use of Decoys, Nitrogen Fixers,
    Green Manures & Natural Repellents
    Controls
  • 11. Organic Control
    Biological Control
    “...Is the Direct or Indirect use
    of Living Organisms to Reduce the
    Number of Pests Below Economic
    Importance”.
    Replication of Natural Relationships
    Control Through Predatory Means
    Setup = Costly
    Time
    Money
    Once Established, No Overheads
    Controls
  • 12.
  • 13. Organic Control
    Xeriscaping
    Native, Drought Resistant
    Plants
    Efficiently Arranged to
    Conserve Water
    Reduces Irrigation by 60%
    Effective at Reducing Fungi/
    Diseases
    Inorganic Mulches
    Minimal use of Turf-Grass
    Ineffective in Wet Climates
    (Ireland)
    Controls
  • 14. Organic Controls
    Permaculture
    Intentional Design of productive
    Ecosystems that have the
    Diversity, Stability &
    Sustainability of Natural
    Ecosystems
    Restoration Ecology
    Zoning, Nutrient Recycling,
    Succession, Multiple Functions,
    Maxim Principles
    Companion Planting used Within
    Permaculture
    Controversy
    Controls
  • 15. Vandalism Control
    Social Media
    Post Design
    Local Community
    Physical Media
    Barriers
    Design Layout
    Removal of Crime Features
    Durable Materials
    Incitation or Deterrence
    Controls
  • 16. Summary
    Pests & Disease
    Destruction of Planting
    Systems
    Monocultures are most
    Susceptible
    Chemical Controls
    Costly
    Organic Controls
    Require Integrated P & D
    Management
    Vandalism
    Social Culture
    Counter with Good Design
  • 17. Chemicals
    Increased Resistance/
    Damage
    Organic Controls
    Increased use
    Technology
    Water Borne Treatments
    Green Walling
    Vandalism
    Upsurge due to Economic
    Climate
    Future
  • 18. Monocultures Ineffective
    Diversity = Resistance
    Chemical Control
    Unsustainable
    Low Cost Controls/
    Prevention
    Establishment of Organic
    Controls
    Vandalism Transcendent
    Good Design can Reduce,
    but not Eliminate Problems
    in Public Spaces
    Conclusion
  • 19. Chemicals
    Last Resort
    Sign of Bad Design
    Monocultures
    Unsustainable
    People who want to
    Vandalise, will
    Public Spaces are not just
    for People
    Knowledge is Key to Success
    Success Never Guaranteed
    Opinion
  • 20. Large Paved Area
    High Pedestrian Usage
    Low Light (Night)
    Low Sight
    Vagrancy
    Anti-Social Behaviour
    Drinking
    Drug Taking
    Perception of Danger
    Low Quality Soil
    Site
  • 21. To Create an Area that Invites Users into the Space & Exudes a Sense of Safety. The Space Invites the User as an Escape from the Chaos of Urban Life.
    How?
    Permeability
    Lighting
    Privacy
    Rhythm
    Focalisation
    Transition Between Chaos & Calm
    Design Statement
  • 22. Slope
    Low Mobility Users
    Pre-Existing Trees
    Privacy
    Recycling (Sustainability)
    Chaotic Layout of
    Brownfield Site
    Hardscape
    Planting (Sporadic/Random)
    Formalized Layout of Pre-
    Existing Beds
    Design Proposal
  • 23. Design Proposal (Cont’d)
    Removal of Concrete Paving
    Brownfield Site Creation
    Recycling of Materials (>40%)
    Sowing/Plug Planting/
    Colonisation
    Wildflower
    Native Species
    Xeric/Alpine
    Replanting of Pre-Existing Beds
    Companion Planting
    Polyculture
    Organic Chemicals