By Joseph Clancy
 What are Plant Pests
& Diseases?
 What is Vandalism?
 What are their Effect
on Public Spaces?
 What are Their Causes?...
 Plants Pests
 Plant Pests are Animals
That Cause Damage To
Cultivated, Ornamental
& Vegetable Plants
 Invertebrate Pes...
 Plant Diseases & Disorders
 Plant Diseases are Caused
by Bacteria, Fungi & Viruses
 Secondary Infections
 Spread by W...
 Vandalism
 Used to Describe Anti-Social
Behaviour, From Accidental
to Criminal Activity
 Exists in Several Forms
 Ine...
 Integrated Pest & Disease
Management
 Best Practice in Limitation
of Pest & Disease Problems
 Focused on Prevention
 ...
 Chemical Controls
 Insecticides
 Systemic
 Contact (Leaf & Insect)
 Fungicides
 Preventive
 Systemic
 Soil Borne ...
 Chemical Controls
 Phytotoxicity
 Negative Plant Reaction
 Occurs with Pre-Existing Problems
 Less Likely to Occur i...
 Organic Controls
 Companion Planting
 Growing Compatible Plants
Together for Their Mutual Benefit
 Polyculture, not M...
 Organic Control
 Biological Control
 “...Is the Direct or Indirect use
of Living Organisms to Reduce the
Number of Pes...
 Organic Control
 Xeriscaping
 Native, Drought Resistant
Plants
Efficiently Arranged to
Conserve Water
 Reduces Irriga...
 Organic Controls
 Permaculture
 Intentional Design of productive
Ecosystems that have the
Diversity, Stability &
Susta...
 Vandalism Control
 Social Media
 Post Design
 Local Community
 Physical Media
 Barriers
 Design Layout
 Removal o...
 Pests & Disease
 Destruction of Planting
Systems
 Monocultures are most
Susceptible
 Chemical Controls
 Costly
 Org...
 Chemicals
 Increased Resistance/
Damage
 Organic Controls
 Increased use
 Technology
 Water Borne Treatments
 Gree...
 Monocultures Ineffective
 Diversity = Resistance
 Chemical Control
Unsustainable
 Low Cost Controls/
Prevention
 Est...
 Chemicals
 Last Resort
 Sign of Bad Design
 Monocultures
Unsustainable
 People who want to
Vandalise, will
 Public ...
 Large Paved Area
 High Pedestrian Usage
 Low Light (Night)
 Low Sight
 Vagrancy
 Anti-Social Behaviour
 Drinking
...
 To Create an Area that Invites Users into the Space &
Exudes a Sense of Safety. The Space Invites the User as
an Escape ...
 Slope
 Low Mobility Users
 Pre-Existing Trees
 Privacy
 Recycling (Sustainability)
 Chaotic Layout of
Brownfield Si...
 Removal of Concrete Paving
 Brownfield Site Creation
 Recycling of Materials (>40%)
 Sowing/Plug Planting/
Colonisati...
Public Planting Establishment
Public Planting Establishment
Public Planting Establishment
Public Planting Establishment
Public Planting Establishment
Public Planting Establishment
Public Planting Establishment
Public Planting Establishment
Public Planting Establishment
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Public Planting Establishment

609

Published on

Pests, diseases and vandalism in public spaces and their solutions

Published in: Design, Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
609
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Public Planting Establishment

  1. 1. By Joseph Clancy
  2. 2.  What are Plant Pests & Diseases?  What is Vandalism?  What are their Effect on Public Spaces?  What are Their Causes?  How are They Identified?  What are Their Controls?
  3. 3.  Plants Pests  Plant Pests are Animals That Cause Damage To Cultivated, Ornamental & Vegetable Plants  Invertebrate Pests  Animal Pests  Reason for Secondary Infection  Vectors of Disease  Mostly Superficial Damage  Degrade Visual Appearance of Space
  4. 4.  Plant Diseases & Disorders  Plant Diseases are Caused by Bacteria, Fungi & Viruses  Secondary Infections  Spread by Wind, Invertebrates, Animals  Run Rampant in Monocultures  Plant Disorders Caused by Non-Infectious Agents  Nutrient Deficiency, Pollution  Can Destroy Planting Systems
  5. 5.  Vandalism  Used to Describe Anti-Social Behaviour, From Accidental to Criminal Activity  Exists in Several Forms  Inexplicable  Deliberate  Incidental  Institutionalized  Roots in Social Environment  Creates Perception of Danger/ Dilapidation in a Space
  6. 6.  Integrated Pest & Disease Management  Best Practice in Limitation of Pest & Disease Problems  Focused on Prevention  Best Practices  Survey & Analysis  Anticipating Future Problems  Inspection of Plants
  7. 7.  Chemical Controls  Insecticides  Systemic  Contact (Leaf & Insect)  Fungicides  Preventive  Systemic  Soil Borne Chemicals Banned  Narrowing Range of Systemic  Accumulative Toxicity  Environmental Damage
  8. 8.  Chemical Controls  Phytotoxicity  Negative Plant Reaction  Occurs with Pre-Existing Problems  Less Likely to Occur in Monocultures  Chemicals are Wasteful  Energy (Labour)  Cost (Money)  Damage (Environment)  Immunity (Pests/Disease)
  9. 9.  Organic Controls  Companion Planting  Growing Compatible Plants Together for Their Mutual Benefit  Polyculture, not Monoculture  Increases Resistance to Pests & Disease  P & D run Rampant in Monocultures  Use of Decoys, Nitrogen Fixers, Green Manures & Natural Repellents
  10. 10.  Organic Control  Biological Control  “...Is the Direct or Indirect use of Living Organisms to Reduce the Number of Pests Below Economic Importance”.  Replication of Natural Relationships  Control Through Predatory Means  Setup = Costly  Time  Money  Once Established, No Overheads
  11. 11.  Organic Control  Xeriscaping  Native, Drought Resistant Plants Efficiently Arranged to Conserve Water  Reduces Irrigation by 60%  Effective at Reducing Fungi/ Diseases  Inorganic Mulches  Minimal use of Turf-Grass  Ineffective in Wet Climates (Ireland)
  12. 12.  Organic Controls  Permaculture  Intentional Design of productive Ecosystems that have the Diversity, Stability & Sustainability of Natural Ecosystems  Restoration Ecology  Zoning, Nutrient Recycling, Succession, Multiple Functions, Maxim Principles  Companion Planting used Within Permaculture  Controversy
  13. 13.  Vandalism Control  Social Media  Post Design  Local Community  Physical Media  Barriers  Design Layout  Removal of Crime Features  Durable Materials  Incitation or Deterrence
  14. 14.  Pests & Disease  Destruction of Planting Systems  Monocultures are most Susceptible  Chemical Controls  Costly  Organic Controls  Require Integrated P & D Management  Vandalism  Social Culture  Counter with Good Design
  15. 15.  Chemicals  Increased Resistance/ Damage  Organic Controls  Increased use  Technology  Water Borne Treatments  Green Walling  Vandalism  Upsurge due to Economic Climate
  16. 16.  Monocultures Ineffective  Diversity = Resistance  Chemical Control Unsustainable  Low Cost Controls/ Prevention  Establishment of Organic Controls  Vandalism Transcendent  Good Design can Reduce, but not Eliminate Problems in Public Spaces
  17. 17.  Chemicals  Last Resort  Sign of Bad Design  Monocultures Unsustainable  People who want to Vandalise, will  Public Spaces are not just for People  Knowledge is Key to Success  Success Never Guaranteed
  18. 18.  Large Paved Area  High Pedestrian Usage  Low Light (Night)  Low Sight  Vagrancy  Anti-Social Behaviour  Drinking  Drug Taking  Perception of Danger  Low Quality Soil
  19. 19.  To Create an Area that Invites Users into the Space & Exudes a Sense of Safety. The Space Invites the User as an Escape from the Chaos of Urban Life.  How?  Permeability  Lighting  Privacy  Rhythm  Focalisation  Transition Between Chaos & Calm
  20. 20.  Slope  Low Mobility Users  Pre-Existing Trees  Privacy  Recycling (Sustainability)  Chaotic Layout of Brownfield Site  Hardscape  Planting (Sporadic/Random)  Formalized Layout of Pre- Existing Beds
  21. 21.  Removal of Concrete Paving  Brownfield Site Creation  Recycling of Materials (>40%)  Sowing/Plug Planting/ Colonisation  Wildflower  Native Species  Xeric/Alpine  Replanting of Pre-Existing Beds  Companion Planting  Polyculture  Organic Chemicals

×