Where to use drawing as an instruction? These can serve as a motivation and starter of your lesson. It can also be given as an activity for students to express insights gained at the conclusion of a lesson.
Always answered the question “why?”
Created by Kaoru Ishikawa
Teaching with visual symbols report
Jaycris C. Agnes
To define what visual symbols are.
To identify the instructional materials fall
under visual symbols.
To enumerate and describe the types of
To identify the guidelines that must be
follow when reading chart, maps and
Visual Symbols ―worth a
Examine the content of the following slides..
Sexualization of children
AT press time the Secretary of the Department of
Education seem to have stepped back from implementing
the sex education curriculum saying ―we have decided to
hold sex education module in abeyance until a final decision
is made on the consulting process.‖
At first blush that seems to be happy development. But
this is no cause for jubilation for the parents who went out of
their way to sue the Education Department. Because, if there
is going to be any ―consultation process‖ it will merely be, as
perhaps before, a rubber stamp of an aggressive
implementation of a curriculum that will allow neither
concession nor compromise—despite media statements of
the Department to the contrary.
The reason why this curriculum is ―immutable‖ is, it is crafted or,
better still, dictated, by foreign sponsors that have bundled both
content and logistics in one well-funded program. This present sex
education curriculum that was supposed to be piloted, or in fact,
already implemented in several schools this year carries the content of
a sex-ed curriculum model issued by UNESCO in which five year olds
would be literally taught about the pleasures of masturbation. The
cover of the sex-ed manual carries the logo of both DepEd and
UNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund.
There should be an overarching agenda why this seeming
obsessive-compulsive behavior of international grand planners seems
too overt. They are the same planners that met in Cairo in September
1994 on Population and Development; in Beijing in 1995 on the 4th
World Conference on Women; in Davos Switzerland on Climate
Change and Tourism UNWTO in 2007 and elsewhere.
Whatever the grand plan is, it is troubling to finally
realize that these supposedly technocrats stand on a theory
that children’s innocence is a myth. Their psychological
premise is that children younger than five already know about
sex and are sexual ―agents‖—hence, the logic and necessity
of teaching them about sex. This, of course, is not true no
matter what modern theorists says—unless, of course, they
have already changed human nature in the same fashion
that George Soros is famed for changing a financial scenario
by mere currency speculation.
It is not therefore far-fetched to say that this sex
education proposed by the education department will
certainly disrupt the natural development of sexual awareness
of children by deliberately feeding them more advanced
knowledge which is still beyond their realm. This indeed is a
form of ―sexualizing‖ the children which in itself is already a
form of sexual abuse that may progressively prepare them for
physical abuse should any occasion arise.
Use of cartoons:
a. Appropriateness to experience level. The age
and the experience or maturity of the target
learners must be taken into consideration.
b. Simplicity – contains only the essential features.
The cartoon must not contain so many details.
c. Brevity of captions if ever but they may not be
given any. Short and direct captions are used
when necessary only.
Use of cartoons:
d. Use of clear symbols. Use symbols
that are conventional, like; the dove to
mean death; the turtle to mean slow or
sluggishness and others.
e. Adequateness of size. The cartoon
should be big enough to be seen and
C. Strip Drawings
These are commonly called comics
or comic strip. Dale(1969) asserts
that a more accurate term is strip
drawings. Make use of strips that
are educational and entertaining
at the same time.
Values derived from strip
1. Increases interest in the subject.
2. Individualizes and personalizes.
instruction for certain types of pupils.
3. Serves as a valuable practice in
4.Widens reading interest.
It is ―any line drawing that shows
arrangement and relations as a
part to the whole, relative values,
origins and developments,
distribution, etc‖.(Dale, 1969)
Types of Diagram
Affinity Diagram- used to cluster
complex apparently unrelated
data into natural and
Tree or stream Chart- depicts
development, growth and change
by beginning with a single course
(the trunk) which spread out into
many branches; or by beginning
with the many tributaries which then
converge into a single channel.
Gannt Chart – it is an activity
Based diagrams: these take a
collection of items and relationships
between them, and express them
by giving each item a 2D position,
while the relationships are expressed
as connections between the items
or overlaps between the items.
Types of Graphs
Circle or Pie Graph
- recommended for showing parts of the whole.
-use in comparing the magnitude of similar items
at different ties or seeing relative sizes of the parts
of a whole.
- makes use of pictorial symbol.
Others: line graph, function graph, histogram and
- Visual representations of
thoughts, or ideas. Graphic
Organizers historically have
been organized bits of data in
such as charts, tables, and
Understanding Maps, Graphs
Read the titles and the subtitles
Read the key, and/or the legend
Read the information shown along
the side and the bottom of the
graphs and charts and tables, if
Determine your purpose of
reading the map.
1. Visuals must be directly relevant to
the audio content.
2. Redundancy between visuals and
audio must be avoided. If words are
displayed, viewers must be given
time to read it.
Rules in using visuals:
3. Visual displays should be big
enough to be seen by the farthest
4. Visual displays must be attractive.
5. Visual displays must be
aesthetically presented to maintain
Like a picture, a graph and all other visual
symbols, are worth a thousand words. The proper
use of the visual symbols will contribute to the
Visual symbol come in many forms. For these
visual symbols to be at your finger tips, you ought
to be skilled in making them.
The collection, preparation and use of these
various visual symbols depend on the great
extent on your own resourcefulness and
creativity. If you used them skilfully, your
classroom may turn into a beehive of busy
―Visual Symbols will be
made meaningful if we can
use them as summaries of our
direct experiences or our rich
indirect experiences… A little
can stand for a lot!‖