IMPORTANCE OF DATABASE and INTERNET PRESENTED BY Prof. J.M.NANDAGAOLI Assistant Professor Department Library & Information Science HPT Arts & RYK Science College, Nashik
Importance of Database and Internet What is Database? * Term Database always used in the computer context. * It is usually in digital form. * Database is computer-based record keeping system. * A database is an organized collection of D ata for one or more purposes.
Importance of Database and Internet What is Data? * It is singular noun of term Datum * Data on its own carries no meaning * It’s a general term often used as a set of information * It refers to the information input to computer * It may numbers, fact, letters, images, diagrams symbols etc. * Data can be defined as the raw numbers or letters stored in a computer, which represents facts about things
Importance of Database and Internet Database Means * Database refers to a large collection of electronically organized data for one or more purpose * Which can access through electronically * It is Electronic/ Digital Document * A collection of data on a defined range of subjects together with all the information needed to access that data * Collection of units of physical data which are related to each other in a specific manner
Importance of Database and Internet Database * The term database refers to just the information file. * Database software is the set of programs whose function is to manage the data and programs that operate on it i.e. DBMS * A database is organised and designed to allow a large number of users to draw/retrieval of information from it for many purposes in many different formats
Importance of Database and Internet Features of Database * It can be produced & distributed rapidly * It can be easily updated and duplicated * It can be compiled collaboratively and interactively * Every sort of information can be manipulated (Multimedia Environment) * It can disseminate world wide
Importance of Database and Internet Advantages of Database * It is time and cost effective than print Publication * Easy updating, modification and duplication * Space saving * Easy to dissemination, distribution, transportation * Available 24 ×7 to access * Multiuser accessibility
Importance of Database and Internet Disadvantages of Database * Still very few users can use and adopted it. * It requires relatively advance technology comprise many equipments and gadgets * Necessary skill, training and experience require * Non compatibility of software and hardware * Rapid invention and development can cripple the use
Importance of Database and Internet Some Examples of Database * DELNET * WorldCat (OPAC) * Library of Congress Catalogue * MEDLINE * LISA * N-LIST * U GC-INFONET * CAS etc.
Importance of Database and Internet Types of Database There are many categorization of Databases such as * Textual – Numerical * Bibliographic – Non Bibliographic * Local-Regional-Global * Open source ( Free)-Commercial * Online-Offline etc. But the widely accepted broad two categories are * Reference Database * Source Database
Importance of Database and Internet *Reference Database* 1) Bibliographic Database (Non Cataloguing Bibliographic Database) Indexing / Abstracting Databases E.g. CAS, PsycINFO, Index Chemicus 2) Catalogue Database (Local, metropolitan, National, International) E.g. IIT Mumbai, NCL Pune – Local OPAC PUNENET, CALIBNET NISSAT, DELNET, INFLIBNET OCLC ( worldcat), ALA catalogue
Importance of Database and Internet *Reference Database* 3) Referral Database E.g. Infoplease-Biography, Index-Gazetteer of the world, Europa Yearbook, The world of Learning, Census Of India etc.
Importance of Database and Internet *Source Database* It comprises- Numerical Databases, Full Text Databases, Multimedia Databases and Other Databases. E.g. The oxford English Dictionary, Wikipedia, Encyclopedia Britannica, E-books, E-journals, Digital Libraries, Google earth, Websites,
Importance of Database and Internet INTERNET * Is a network of networks * Internet consists of a large number of linked computer networks forming a global network * It is open and free 24 ×7 , allowing users to Communicate, Disseminate, Access, Process, Store, Publish, Represent the every sort of information remotely. * Internet is fathomless ocean of information. * It is information Supper Highway
Importance of Database and Internet INTERNET Internet is dominantly used for * Research and Development Activities * Education * Entertainment * Communication * Banking * Business (Advertisement & Marketing)
Importance of Database and Internet INTERNET * It has origin in ARPA net ( Advanced Research Projects Agency ) Dept. of Defence US in 1970 . * By 1980s access to the Net was open to the general public. * By1990s, the Internet was made up of over 60,000 networks * It works on client/server architecture
Importance of Database and Internet INTERNET Basic Services and Facilities of Internet * E-mail ( allowing users to send messages or files to each other) * File transfer Protocol ( allows users to access and retrieve files at remote sites) * Remote Login ( allowing users to log in to remote sites) * News (to inform users of available information)
Importance of Database and Internet INTERNET Popular Uses of Internet * Online Banking, shopping and Booking * Surveys, Advertisement and Marketing * Counseling * Chatting ( Massage, Voice and Video) * Video Conferencing * Discussion group, Subject Gateways * Text, Software, Photo, Video and Music Sharing * Consortia * RSS Feed
Importance of Database and Internet CATEGORISATION OF INTERNET RESORCES * Primary Sources of Information * Databases * Electronic Books * Reference Sources * Organization and Peoples * Meta Resources
Importance of Database and Internet INTERNE Internet Resources There are several types of resources available such as * Electronic Journals and Newsletters * Directories of WWW Electronic Journals * Online Indexes of Print or Electronic Journals * Table of Contents * Preprints and Working Papers * Discussion Lists or Forums/Usenet Newsgroups * Directories of Newsgroups and Mailing Lists
Importance of Database and Internet INTERNET Internet Resources * Software Archives * Data Archives * Subject Databases * Campus Wide Information Systems (CWIS) * Technical Reports * Library Catalogues * Patents * Document Delivery
Importance of Database and Internet INTERNET Internet Resources * Reference Sources * Courseware Directories * Other Resources, etc.
Importance of Database and Internet Application and Utility of DATABASE and INTERNET in Library and Information Center * All round impact on Library Management & Services A) Applications in Library Management * Acquisition * Technical Processing * Serials Control * User Study
Importance of Database and Internet Application and Utility of DATABASE and INTERNET in Library and Information Center B) Library and Information Services * Reference Services Online-Offline * Referral Service * Document Delivery Service * CAS and SDI Services * Literature Search Service
Importance of Database and Internet Application and Utility of DATABASE and INTERNET in Library and Information Center B) Library and Information Services * Bibliographic Service * Reader Advisory Service * Development of Information Products * Library Resource Sharing * Online Conference, Training and Workshop * Information Storage and Retrieval * Interlibrary Loan
Importance of Database and Internet Need of Internet Based Library and Information Services * It is comparatively Cheaper * Rapid * 24 ×7 Remotely Accessible * Easy * Compact * Manipulation of every sort of Information * World wide * Secure and safety
Importance of Database and Internet Thank You Very Much For Your Patient Hearing