Upadesamrita (Text 1)


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Upadesamrita (Text 1)

  1. 1. Essence of Srimad-Bhagavatam In 11 Instructions Upadesamrita The Nectar of Instruction
  2. 2. Text 1 <ul><li>väco vegaà manasaù krodha-vegaà </li></ul><ul><li>jihvä-vegam udaropastha-vegam </li></ul><ul><li>etän vegän yo viñaheta dhéraù </li></ul><ul><li>sarväm apémäà påthivéà sa çiñyät </li></ul><ul><li>“ A sober person who can tolerate the urge to speak, the mind's demands, the actions of anger and the urges of the tongue, belly and genitals is qualified to make disciples all over the world.” </li></ul>
  3. 3. Understanding Real Atonement A Transformation of the Heart
  4. 4. <ul><li>“ In Çrémad-Bhägavatam (6.1.9-10) Parékñit Mahäräja placed a number of intelligent questions before Çukadeva Gosvämé. One of these questions was: &quot;Why do people undergo atonement if they cannot control their senses?“” </li></ul>
  5. 5. What is Atonement <ul><li>Atonement-Amends or reparation made for an injury or wrong; expiation; the act of atoning for sin or wrongdoing (especially appeasing a deity) </li></ul><ul><li>Three types of sinful activity: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Those of the body </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Those of the mind </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Those of speech </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Sinful life is performed by body, mind, and speech; thus three Yamadutas arrested Ajamila to take him for being punished .
  7. 7. The Impetus for Sinful Activity Senses Mind Intelligence Body Soul “ The working senses are superior to dull matter; mind is higher than the senses; intelligence is still higher than the mind; and he [the soul] is even higher than the intelligence. “ Bhagavad-Gita 3.42
  8. 8. <ul><li>1) Consciousness impetus for sinful sense enjoyment </li></ul><ul><li>2) Intelligence discriminating in terms of sense-enjoyment </li></ul><ul><li>3) Mind accepting and rejecting in terms of the senses pleasure </li></ul><ul><li>4) Gross manifestation of enjoyment, leading to </li></ul><ul><li>sinful life because of 3 types of urges: </li></ul><ul><li>Urges of the Body </li></ul><ul><li>Urges of the Mind </li></ul><ul><li>Urges of speech </li></ul>Stages of Sinful Activity:
  9. 9. Dangers of No Sense Control Being Pull in Different Directions One whose senses are uncontrolled cannot be trusted
  10. 10. Pleasure of Ear-Deer Caught
  11. 11. Pleasure of smell-Bee Caught
  12. 12. Pleasure of tongue-Fish caught
  13. 13. Pleasure of touch-Elephant caught
  14. 14. Pleasure of Eye-Moth Burnt
  15. 15. Dangers of No Mental Control <ul><li>“ While contemplating the objects of the senses, a person develops attachment for them, and from such attachment lust develops, and from lust anger arises. From anger, delusion arises, and from delusion bewilderment of memory. When memory is bewildered, intelligence is lost, and when intelligence is lost, one falls down again into the material pool.” Bhagavad-Gita 2.62-63 </li></ul>
  16. 16. Levels of Intelligence <ul><li>“…a thief may know perfectly well that he may be arrested for his stealing, and he may actually even see a thief arrested by the police, yet he continues to steal.” </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>“ Experience is gathered by hearing… </li></ul><ul><li>… and seeing” </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>“ One who is less intelligent gathers experience by seeing,… </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>“…and one who is more intelligent gathers experience by hearing.” </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>“ When an intelligent person hears from the law books and sastras, or scriptures, that stealing is not good and hears that a thief is punished when arrested, he refrains from theft. A less intelligent person may first have to be arrested and punished for stealing to learn to stop stealing. </li></ul><ul><li>Levels of Intelligence: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hearing (1 st class) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seeing (2 nd class) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Experiencing (3 rd class) </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Conscious Disposition Makes the Difference <ul><li>“ However, a rascal, a foolish man, may have the experience of both hearing and seeing and may even be punished, but still he continues to steal. Even if such a person atones and is punished by the government, he will again commit theft as soon as he comes out of jail.” </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>A doctor can prescribe medicine to restore the body of a patient who has contracted an STD due to a bad sexual tendency. The Medicine can help the body, but Because the tendency remains, the patient again returns with the same problem. What then is the use of the prescription? </li></ul>
  23. 23. What is the use of an elephants bath? “ He compared atonement to an elephant's bathing. The elephant may take a very nice bath in the river, but as soon as it comes onto the bank, it throws dirt all over its body. What, then, is the value of its bathing?... This kind of prayascitta, or atonement, is condemned by Pariksit Maharaj, the most intelligent king of his time.”
  24. 24. <ul><li>“ Thus real prayascitta, atonement, is the awakening of our dormant Krishna consciousness.” </li></ul>
  25. 25. Stages of Real Atonement <ul><li>1) Consciousness motivation determines if senses are controlled or not. Real atonement, must take place on a conscious level. </li></ul><ul><li>2) Intelligence must discriminate in relation to Krishna. One’s level of intelligence is determined, proportionate the service mood. </li></ul><ul><li>3) Mind accepts and rejects according to one’s service to Krishna </li></ul><ul><li>4) Body performs actions in relationship to service for Krishna. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Performance of Real Atonement Understanding the Importance of Association of the Pure Devotees
  27. 27. <ul><li>“Real atonement involves coming to real knowledge, and for this there is a standard process.” </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>“A human being is meant to be trained according to certain principles to revive his original knowledge.” </li></ul>“ Such a methodical life is described as tapasya.”
  29. 29. <ul><li>“ One can be gradually elevated to the standard of real knowledge, or Krishna consciousness, by practicing austerity and celibacy (brahmacarya), by controlling the mind, by controlling the senses, by giving up one's possessions in charity, by being avowedly truthful, by keeping clean and by practicing yoga-äsanas.” </li></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>“However, if one is fortunate enough to get the association of a pure devotee, he can easily surpass all the practices for controlling the mind by the mystic yoga process…” </li></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>“…simply by following the regulative principles of Krishna consciousness—refraining from illicit sex, meat-eating, intoxication and gambling—and by engaging in the service of the Supreme Lord under the direction of the bona fide spiritual master.” </li></ul>
  32. 32. <ul><li>“ This easy process is being recommended by Srila Rupa Gosvami.” </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanical means have </li></ul><ul><li>temporary effect </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge one gains from </li></ul><ul><li>purificatory activities is </li></ul><ul><li>certainly purifying, but not </li></ul><ul><li>complete. </li></ul><ul><li>But, if one receives mercy of </li></ul><ul><li>Devotees, esp. the Pure Devotee, </li></ul><ul><li>And accepts the guidance seriously </li></ul><ul><li>One can achieve the highest aim. </li></ul>Simply by association with Haridas Thakur, and the serious acceptance of his guidance, the prostitute achieve highest aim of Krishna Consciousness.
  33. 33. The Value of a Pure Devotee <ul><li>“ My dear King Rahuguna, unless one has the opportunity to smear his entire body with the dust of the lotus feet of great devotees, one cannot realize the Absolute Truth. One cannot realize the Absolute Truth simply by observing celibacy [brahmacarya], strictly following the rules and regulations of householder life, leaving home as a vänaprastha, accepting sannyäsa, or undergoing severe penances in winter by keeping oneself submerged in water or surrounding oneself in summer by fire and the scorching heat of the sun. There are many other processes to understand the Absolute Truth, but the Absolute Truth is only revealed to one who has attained the mercy of a great devotee.” SB 5.12.12 </li></ul>
  34. 34. 6 Principles of Application The Art of Engaging the 6 types of Urges
  35. 35. Understanding the Different Urges <ul><li>“ In his Anuvritti explanation of Upadesamrita, Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Gosvami Thakura writes that our material identification creates three kinds of urges—the urge to speak, the urge or demands of the mind and the demands of the body. When a living entity falls victim to these three types of urges, his life becomes inauspicious .” </li></ul>
  36. 36. <ul><li>“ One who practices resisting these demands or urges is called tapasvi, or one who practices austerities. By such tapasya one can overcome victimization by the material energy, the external potency of the Supreme Personality of Godhead.” </li></ul>
  37. 37. Urges of Speech <ul><li>“First one must control his speaking power. Every one of us has the power of speech; as soon as we get an opportunity we begin to speak. If we do not speak about Krishna consciousness, we speak about all sorts of nonsense.” </li></ul>
  38. 38. <ul><li>“ The talking of materialistic men and impersonalist Mayavadi philosophers may be compared to the croaking of frogs. They are always speaking nonsense and thus inviting death to catch them.” </li></ul>
  39. 39. <ul><li>“ Controlling speech, however, does not mean self-imposed silence (the external process of mauna), as Mayavadi philosophers think. Silence may appear helpful for some time, but ultimately it proves a failure.” </li></ul>
  40. 40. <ul><li>“ The meaning of controlled speech conveyed by Srila Rupa Gosvami advocates the positive process of Krishna-katha, engaging the speaking process in glorifying the Supreme Lord Sri Krishna.” </li></ul>
  41. 41. <ul><li>“ The tongue can thus glorify the name, form, qualities and pastimes of the Lord. The preacher of Krishna-katha is always beyond the clutches of death. This is the significance of controlling the urge to speak.” </li></ul>
  42. 42. <ul><li>“ The devotees of the Lord are accustomed to licking up the honey available from the lotus feet of the Lord. What is the use of topics which simply waste one's valuable life? O Suta Gosvami, there are those amongst men who desire freedom from death and get eternal life. They escape the slaughtering process by calling the controller of death, Yamaraj. As long as Yamaraj, who causes everyone's death, is present here, no one shall meet with death. The great sages have invited the controller of death, Yamaraj, who is the representative of the Lord. Living beings who are under his grip should take advantage by hearing the deathless nectar in the form of this narration of the transcendental pastimes of the Lord.” Sages to Suta Gosvami SB 1.16.6-8 </li></ul>
  43. 43. <ul><li>“ When we refer to the urge to speak, we refer to useless talking, such as that of the impersonal Mayavadi philosophers, or of persons engaged in fruitive activities (technically called karma-kanda), or of materialistic people who simply want to enjoy life without restriction.” </li></ul>Mayavadi Karma-kandi Unrestricted materialist
  44. 44. <ul><li>“Many people are talking nonsensically and writing volumes of useless books, and all this is the result of the urge to speak. To counteract this tendency, we have to divert our talking to the subject of Krishna.” </li></ul>
  45. 45. <ul><li>“ This is explained in Srimad-Bhagavatam (1.5.10-11): </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Those words which do not describe the glories of the Lord, who alone can sanctify the atmosphere of the whole universe, are considered by saintly persons to be like unto a place of pilgrimage for crows. Since the all-perfect persons are inhabitants of the transcendental abode, they do not derive any pleasure there.&quot; </li></ul>
  46. 46. <ul><li>&quot;On the other hand, that literature which is full of descriptions of the transcendental glories of the name, fame, forms, pastimes, etc., of the unlimited Supreme Lord is a different creation, full of transcendental words directed toward bringing about a revolution in the impious lives of this world's misdirected civilization. Such transcendental literatures, even though imperfectly composed, are heard, sung and accepted by purified men who are thoroughly honest.&quot; </li></ul>
  47. 47. <ul><li>“… transcendental words directed toward bringing about a revolution in the impious lives of this world's misdirected civilization.” </li></ul>
  48. 48. <ul><li>“The conclusion is that only when we talk about devotional service to the Supreme Personality of Godhead can we refrain from useless nonsensical talk.” </li></ul>
  49. 49. Application of Speech <ul><li>Purpose of is to elevate consciousness. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unnecessary speech creates envy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tendency to talk behind peoples back </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gossiping, useless propaganda, and so on. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Speak to uplift one’s own consciousness as well as consciousness of others. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Speech should be for pleasing Krishna </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spend more time speaking about the solution (i.e. K.C.) then the problem. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Spending more time discussing the problem leaves enmity </li></ul></ul></ul>
  50. 50. Urges of the Mind <ul><li>“ The restlessness or fickleness of the mind (mano-vega) is controlled when one can fix his mind on the lotus feet of Krishna.” </li></ul>
  51. 51. <ul><li>“ Krishna is just like the sun, and mäyä is just like darkness. If the sun is present, there is no question of darkness. Similarly, if Krishna is present in the mind, there is no possibility of the mind's being agitated by mäyä's influence.” </li></ul>
  52. 52. <ul><li>“The yogic process of negating all material thoughts will not help. To try to create a vacuum in the mind is artificial. The vacuum will not remain.” </li></ul>
  53. 53. <ul><li>“However, if one always thinks of Krishna and how to serve Krishna best, one's mind will naturally be controlled.” </li></ul>
  54. 54. <ul><li>“ As for the agitations of the flickering mind, they are divided into two divisions. The first is called avirodha-priti, or unrestricted attachment, and the other is called virodha-yukta-krodha, anger arising from frustration.” </li></ul>
  55. 55. <ul><li>“ Adherence to the philosophy of the Mayavadis, belief in the fruitive results of the karma-kandis, and belief in plans based on materialistic desires are called avirodha-priti.” </li></ul>
  56. 56. <ul><li>“ Jnanis, Karmis and materialistic planmakers generally attract the attention of conditioned souls, but when the materialists cannot fulfill their plans and when their devices are frustrated, they become angry. Frustration of material desires produces anger.” </li></ul>
  57. 57. Engaging the Mind <ul><li>Mind needs positive contemplation; negative contemplation is the default position of mind. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For stability in K.C. this is required in all actions. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Positive contemplation is necessary for simply ignoring will not work. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contemplate the holy messages of Bhagavatam/Gita after hearing them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contemplate how the great souls (Prabhupada ex.) applied to messages in their lives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contemplate how the lives of others have been transformed by such messages and association. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contemplate how to spread the messages. </li></ul></ul>
  58. 58. Urges of Anger <ul><li>“ Similarly, anger can be controlled. We cannot stop anger altogether, but if we simply become angry with those who blaspheme the Lord or the devotees of the Lord, we control our anger in Krishna consciousness.” </li></ul>
  59. 59. <ul><li>“ Krodha, anger, cannot be stopped, but it can be applied rightly. It was in anger that Hanumän set fire to Laìkä, but he is worshiped as the greatest devotee of Lord Rämacandra. This means that he utilized his anger in the right way. ” </li></ul>
  60. 60. <ul><li>“ Arjuna serves as another example. He was not willing to fight, but Krishna incited his anger: &quot;You must fight!&quot; To fight without anger is not possible. Anger is controlled, however, when utilized in the service of the Lord.” </li></ul>
  61. 61. Anatomy of Anger <ul><li>Anger is the result of frustration of material expectations. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When we perform K.C. with material expectations we will become angry. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anger first manifest in the heart, and frustration is expressed anger. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Only those who are pursuing pure devotion or pure devotees can properly engage anger. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lord Caitanya </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hanuman </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arjuna </li></ul></ul>
  62. 62. How to engage Anger? <ul><li>Feel frustration at the degradation of society </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This is required for showing compassion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Feeling angry to see the cheaters exploiting the innocent public. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Angry how the scientist mis-lead </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Angry how the Mayavadis mis-lead </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Angry how the unrestricted materialist mis-lead. </li></ul></ul>
  63. 63. Urges of the Body <ul><li>“ Similarly, the demands of the body can be divided into three categories—the demands of the tongue, the belly and the genitals. One may observe that these three senses are physically situated in a straight line, as far as the body is concerned, and that the bodily demands begin with the tongue. If one can restrain the demands of the tongue by limiting its activities to the eating of prasada, the urges of the belly and the genitals can automatically be controlled.” </li></ul>
  64. 64. Urges of the Tongue <ul><li>“ As for the urges of the tongue, we all experience that the tongue wants to eat palatable dishes. Generally we should not allow the tongue to eat according to its choice, but should control the tongue by supplying prasäda.” </li></ul>
  65. 65. <ul><li>“ The devotee's attitude is that he will eat only when Krishna gives him prasäda. That is the way to control the urge of the tongue.” </li></ul>
  66. 66. <ul><li>“ One should take prasäda at scheduled times and should not eat in restaurants or sweetmeat shops simply to satisfy the whims of the tongue or belly. If we stick to the principle of taking only prasäda, the urges of the belly and tongue can be controlled.” </li></ul>
  67. 67. <ul><li>&quot;O Lord! This material body is a lump of ignorance, and the senses are a network of paths leading to death. Somehow or other we have fallen into the ocean of material sense enjoyment, and of all the senses the tongue is the most voracious and uncontrollable. It is very difficult to conquer the tongue in this world, but You, dear Krishna, are very kind to us. You have sent this nice prasäda to help us conquer the tongue; therefore let us take this prasäda to our full satisfaction and glorify Your Lordships Sri Sri Radha and Krishna and in love call for the help of Lord Caitanya and Prabhu Nityänanda.” </li></ul><ul><li>Prasadam Prayer </li></ul>
  68. 68. <ul><li>“… eating for sense gratification—including the use of extra quantities of spices like chili and tamarind—is to be given up by krishna conscious persons. The use of pan, haritaki, betel nuts, various spices used in pan-making, tobacco, LSD, marijuana, opium, liquor, coffee and tea is indulged in to fulfill illicit demands.” </li></ul>
  69. 69. <ul><li>“ If we can practice accepting only remnants of food offered to Krishna, it is possible to get free from mäyä's victimization.” </li></ul>
  70. 70. <ul><li>“ However, if one accepts prasäda only because of its palatable taste and thus eats too much, he also falls prey to trying to satisfy the demands of the tongue.” </li></ul>
  71. 71. <ul><li>&quot;That person who runs here and there seeking to gratify his palate and who is always attached to the desires of his stomach and genitals is unable to attain Krishna.“-Caitanya Mahaprabhu instructs </li></ul>
  72. 72. Application of Tongue <ul><li>Take only prasadam, that food offer to Krishna. </li></ul><ul><li>Standard of Prasadam </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Preparing simply for the pleasure of Krishna in His deity form </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Work to give up consciousness that I will enjoy the preparations nicely </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Take prasadam at a regulated time. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Violations of prasadam standard </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eating simply to enjoy palatable preparations. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preparing palatable dishes with intention of “I will enjoy nicely.” </li></ul></ul>
  73. 73. Urges of the Belly <ul><li>“ Those who suffer from diseases of the stomach must be unable to control the urges of the belly, at least according to this analysis. When we desire to eat more than necessary we automatically create many inconveniences in life. However, if we observe fasting days like Ekadasi and Janmastami, we can restrain the demands of the belly.” </li></ul>
  74. 74. Application of the Belly <ul><li>Don’t fill belly till it pops! </li></ul><ul><li>Observe fasting days </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ekadasi, Janmanstami, Ram-Nvami </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appearance days of Vishnu-tattva </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appearance days of Acharyas </li></ul></ul>
  75. 75. Urges of the Genitals <ul><li>“In a similar manner, the urges of the genitals, the sex impulse, can be controlled when not used unnecessarily. The genitals should be used to beget a Krishna conscious child, otherwise they should not be used. The Krishna consciousness movement encourages marriage not for the satisfaction of the genitals but for the begetting of Krishna conscious children.” </li></ul>
  76. 76. <ul><li>“Many such Krishna conscious children are required, and one who is capable of bringing forth Krishna conscious offspring is allowed to utilize his genitals.” </li></ul>
  77. 77. <ul><li>“ As far as the urges of the genitals are concerned, there are two—proper and improper, or legal and illicit sex. When a man is properly mature, he can marry according to the rules and regulations of the sastras and use his genitals for begetting nice children. That is legal and religious.” </li></ul>
  78. 78. <ul><li>“ When one indulges in illicit sex life, as defined by the sastras, either by thinking, planning, talking about or actually having sexual intercourse, or by satisfying the genitals by artificial means, he is caught in the clutches of mäyä. These instructions apply not only to householders but also to tyagis, or those who are in the renounced order of life.” </li></ul>
  79. 79. Genitals meant for Service <ul><li>Purpose of the Genitals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sex life and sex organs are to be used in service to Krishna </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Married sex life is for having K.C. children </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Those who want to perform the service of bringing fourth K.C. children are allowed to use their genitals. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Improper use of the genitals/sex life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To indulge in sex life by thinking, planning, talking about, satisfying by artificial means, or actually having sexual intercourse </li></ul></ul>
  80. 80. Conclusion <ul><li>“ The conclusion is that one who can control these six items—speech, mind, anger, tongue, belly and genitals—is to be called a svami or gosvami.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Unless one is master of his senses, he should not be called gosvami, but go-däsa, servant of the senses.” </li></ul><ul><li>One who is go-dasa cannot realize Krishna </li></ul>
  81. 81. <ul><li>Matir na krsne parato svato va </li></ul><ul><li>Mitho bhipadyeta grha-vratanam </li></ul><ul><li>Adanta-gobhir visatam tamisram </li></ul><ul><li>Punah punas carvita carvanam </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;For those who have decided to continue their existence in this material world for the gratification of their senses, there is no chance of becoming Krishna conscious, not by personal endeavor, by instruction from others or by joint conferences. They are dragged by the unbridled senses into the darkest region of ignorance, and thus they madly engage in what is called 'chewing the chewed. &quot; </li></ul>