Invocation Bhagavatam

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  • 1. Canto 1 Ch. 1 Defining the Absolute, Defining Religion, and Special Invitation
  • 2. Bhagavatam is the Body of the Lord
    • 1 and 2 canto are the Lotus Feet of the Lord.
    • 3 and 4 canto are the Legs of the Lord
    • Canto 5 is the waist of the Lord
    • Canto 6 is the chest of the Lord. The chest is were the heart is located.
    • Canto 7 and 8 are the arms of the Lord.
    • Canto 9 is the neck of the Lord.
    • Canto 10 the smiling face of the Lord. The five chapters of the rasa lila consider smile of the Lord.
    • Canto 11 is the forehead of the Lord where the brain is located.
    • Canto 12 is the crown of the Lord.
  • 3. What’s in Ch. 1.
    • The six question of the sages which lay the foundation for the entire Bhagavatam.
    • Mangalacarana:
    • Namas-kriyatmaka : paying obeisances to one’s teacher(s) or worshipable deity or both
    • Asir-Vadatmaka : praying to Lord for his blessings upon the readers
    • Vastu-nirdesatmaka : summarizing the subject matter of the book
    • Anubandha-catustaya : the four essential elements of a book; connection between book and subject (sambandha), the subject itself (visaya), what the reader will gain by reading this (prayojana) and the qualification (adhikara) for understanding the book.
  • 4. 5 essential conditions for understanding
    • One should hear the pastimes, names, and glories of the Lord from the Srimad Bhagavatam, in which all material forms of religion are rejected, from a bona fide spiritual master. One should become fixed in devotional service, and not allow his mind to be deflected to anything else. Patiently and submissively hearing the Srimad Bhagavatam immediately re-establishes a soul in his eternal relationship with Krsna. All other goals are rejected in the Bhagavatam. (1-3)
    • One must hear the Bhagavatam from a bona fide representative of Vyasadeva. (4-8)
    • If both the speaker and the hearer are qualified, the hearer will easily understand the Absolute Truth, Sri Krsna, the Supreme Personality of Godhead. (9-13)
    • Hearing of the ever-fresh pastimes, names, and glories of Krsna will attract one away from the horrible Kali yuga trap of the material world to the eternal blissful spiritual realm. (14-20)
    • Because of the shortness of life that Kali Yuga brings, one should fear the dangers of Kali, accept the shelter of a bona fide spiritual master, and adopt the process recommended by Lord Caitanya for self realization in Kali Yuga: hearing and chanting Krsna's glories as told in the Bhagavad-gita and the Srimad-Bhagavatam. (21-23)
  • 5.
    • Prelude (Text 1-3)
    • Text 1: Defining God
    • Text 2: Defining Religion
    • Text 3: Invitation to Taste the Bhagavatam’s Nectar
    • Setting the Scene: Sages of Naimisaranya Inquire from Suta Gosvami (4-8)
    • Question One and Two (Text 9-11)
    • Question Three (Text12-16)
    • Question Four and Five (Text 17-18)
    • Question Six (Text 19-23)
  • 6. The six questions of Ch. 1
    • 1. What is the ultimate benefit for mankind?
    • 2. What is the essence of all scriptures?
    • 3. For what reason did the Lord take His birth from Devaki?
    • 4. Describe the wonderful deeds of the Lord when He assumed the forms of Brahma, Rudra, etc, for the purpose of creating, maintaining, and destroying the universe.
    • 5. Fully describe the activities of Lord Hari's incarnations within this universe.
    • 6. Where has religion taken shelter after Krsna has retired to His own abode?
  • 7.
    • Summary of the Questions asked by Saunaka
    • 1 . “Please…explain to us, in an easily understandable way, what
    • you have ascertained to be the absolute and ultimate good for the people in general.” (Text 1.1.9) Answer: (Text 1.2.6)
    • 2 . “There are many variety of scriptures…Therefore, O Sage, please select the essence of all these scriptures and explain it for the good of all living beings, by such instructions their hearts may be fully satisfied.” (Text 1.1.11) Answer: (1.2.7)
    • 3 . “You know for what purpose the Personality of Godhead appeared in the womb of Devaki as the son of Vasudeva.” (Text 1.1.12) Answer: (1.2.34 and Tenth Canto)
  • 8.
    • 4 . “[The Lords] transcendental acts are magnificent and gracious, and great learned sages like Narada sing of them. Please, therefore, speak to us, who are eager to hear about the adventures He performs in his various incarnations.” (Text 1.1.17) Answer: (1.2.30)
    • 5 . “O wise Suta, please narrate to us the transcendental pastimes of the Supreme Godhead’s multi-incarnations. Such auspicious adventures and pastimes of the Lord, the Supreme Controller, are performed by His internal powers.” (Text 1.1.18) Answer: First Canto, Third Chapter.
    • 6 . “Since, Sri Krishna, the Absolute Truth, the master of all mystic powers, has departed for His own abode, please tell us to whom the religious principles have now gone for shelter.” (Text 1.1.23) Answer: (1.3.43)
  • 9. Prelude
    • Bhagavatam’s first three text form a prelude to the book.
    • The first text defines the Absolute Truth.
    • The second describes the Bhagavatam and defines actual religion.
    • The third invites humanity to taste the Bhagavatam’s sweetness.
  • 10. oḿ namo bhagavate vāsudevāya janmādy asya yato 'nvayād itarataś cārtheṣv abhijñạh svarāṭ tene brahma hṛdā ya ādi-kavaye muhyanti yat sūrayaḥ tejo-vāri-mṛdāḿ yathā vinimayo yatra tri-sargo 'mṛṣā dhāmnā svena sadā nirasta-kuhakaḿ satyaḿ parám dhīmahi Defining the Absolute Truth
  • 11. “ O my Lord, Śrī Kṛṣṇa, son of Vasudeva, O all-pervading Personality of Godhead, I offer my respectful obeisances unto You. I meditate upon Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa because He is the Absolute Truth and the primeval cause of all causes of the creation, sustenance and destruction of the manifested universes. He is directly and indirectly conscious of all manifestations, and He is independent because there is no other cause beyond Him. It is He only who first imparted the Vedic knowledge unto the heart of Brahmājī, the original living being. By Him even the great sages and demigods are placed into illusion, as one is bewildered by the illusory representations of water seen in fire, or land seen on water. Only because of Him do the material universes, temporarily manifested by the reactions of the three modes of nature, appear factual, although they are unreal. I therefore meditate upon Him, Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa, who is eternally existent in the transcendental abode, which is forever free from the illusory representations of the material world. I meditate upon Him, for He is the Absolute Truth.” (SB 1.1.1)
  • 12. God and the Absolute Truth
    • In introduction to the SB, Prabhupad immediately differentiates the Absolute Truth, which is the goal of Bhagavatam to describe, from the common understanding of God.
    • “ The conception of God and the conception of Absolute Truth are not on the same level. The Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam hits on the target of the Absolute Truth. The conception of God indicates the controller, whereas the conception of the Absolute Truth indicates the summum bonum or the ultimate source of all energies.” Purport from Intro.
  • 13.
    • First verse is Vyasadeva’s definition and description of the Absolute Truth
    • The Absolute Truth is that substance from which nothing is different.
    • The Absolute Truth is a person, the divine son of Vasudeva and Devaki known as Krishna.
    • Everything else, including the brahmajyoti emanates from him.
  • 14.
    • The Absolute is that substance from which nothing is different.
    • I am the source of all spiritual and material worlds. Everything emanates from Me. The wise who know this perfectly engage in My devotional service and worship Me with all their hearts. Gita 10.8
  • 15.
    • The Absolute Truth is a person, the divine son of Vasudeva and Devaki
  • 16.
    • Everything else, including the Brahmajyoti emanates from Him.
  • 17. Energies of the Energetic
    • Sun is the energetic and the sun ray is the energy
    • Sun and Sun ray are non-different in quality
    • Sun ray is, however, dependent on the Sun
    • Sun is not dependent on the Sun ray
    • Therefore, sun and sun ray are simultaneously one
    • and different.
  • 18. 1. Om namo bhagavate Vasudevaya
    • “ O my Lord, Sri Krishna, son of Vasudeva, O all pervading Personality of Godhead, I offer my respectful obeisances unto You.”
    • “ obeisances unto the Personality of Godhead, Vasudeva, directly indicate Lord Sri Krishna, who is the divine son of Vasudeva and Devaki.” purport
  • 19. 2. Janmady asya yato
    • “ [I meditate on Lord Sri Krishna because] He is the Absolute Truth and the primeval cause of all causes of the creation, sustenance and destruction of the manifest universes.”
    • Absolute Truth and relative truths.
    • Cause of Creation
    • Cause of Maintenance
    • Cause of Destruction
    • Absolute Truth is source of everything in existence.
  • 20. 3. ‘nvayad itaratas carthesv abhijnah
    • “ He is directly and indirectly conscious of all manifestations.”
    • Just as one knows directly and indirectly the sensations of one’s body.
    • Krishna is simultaneously the substance, the subjective experiencer, and the objective observer.
    • “ Whatever happens to the body quickly becomes known to the embodied. Similarly the creation is the body of the Absolute Whole. Therefore, the Absolute knowns everything directly and indirectly that happens in creation.” purport
  • 21. 4. svarat
    • “ He is independent because there is no other cause beyond Him.”
    • “ Conditioned souls, beginning from Brahma who engineers the entire universe, down to the insignificant ant, are all creating, but none of them are independent of the Supreme Lord.”
    • nityo nityanam cetanas cetananam eko bahunam yo vidadhati kaman
  • 22. 5. Tene brahma hrda ya adi-kavaye
    • “ It is he only who first imparted the Vedic knowledge unto the heart of Brahmaji, the original living being.”
    • Transference of knowledge through the heart.
    • “ To those who are constantly devoted and worship Me with love, I give the understanding by which they can come to Me.” (10.10)
    • “ Out of compassion for them, I, dwelling in their hearts, destroy with the shining lamp of knowledge the darkness born of ignorance.” (BG 10.11)
    • “ I am seated in everyone's heart, and from Me come remembrance, knowledge and forgetfulness.” (BG 15.15)
  • 23. 6. muhyanti yat surayah- “[By Him] even the great sages and demigods are placed into illusion…” 7. tejo-vari-mrdam yatha “[as one is bewildered by] the illusory representation of water seen in fire or land seen on water.” 8. vinimayo yatra tri-sargo “Only because of Him do the material universes, temporarily manifested by the reactions of the three modes of material nature,…” 9. ‘mrsa “appear factual [although they are unreal]
  • 24. Prabhupad explanation on these points
    • “ This cosmic creation results from interaction of three modes of nature, and the temporary manifestations are so created as to present an illusion of reality to the bewildered mind of the conditioned soul, who appears in so many species of life, including the higher demigods…In actuality, this is no reality in the manifested world. There appears to be reality, however, because of the true reality which exist in the spiritual world, where the Personality of Godhead eternally exist which His transcendental paraphernalia.” purport
  • 25. Tejo-vari-mrdam yatha vinimayo
    • Offers an example of illusion, a mirage. Seeing water in the desert or seeing the rope as a snake.
    • Objective reality lends credence to the mirage.
    • Denial of a substance as not real depends on the existence of the things they deny.
    • There must be knowledge and/or experience of the real something in order to judge something as not real.
  • 26.
    • “ Srila Visvanatha Cakravarti Thakura specifically deals with the original and pure sex pyschology (adi-rasa), devoid of all mundane inebriety…The material sex life is but a perverted reflection of the original fact. The original fact is in the Absolute Truth, and thus the Absolute Truth cannot be impersonal. It is not possible to be impersonal and contain pure sex life. Consequently, the impersonalist philosophers have given indirect impetus to the abominable mundane sex life because they have overstressed the impersonality of the ultimate truth. Consequently, man without information of the actual spiritual form of sex has accepted the perverted material sex life as the all in all.” purport SB 1.1.1
  • 27. 10. Dhamna svena sada
    • “ [I therefore meditate upon Him, Lord Sri Krishna] who is eternally existent in the transcendental abode.”
  • 28. 11. nirasta-kuhakam
    • “which is forever free from the illusory representation of the material world.”
    • “There appears to be reality, however, because of the true reality which exist in the spiritual world, where the personality of Godhead eternally exist with His transcendental paraphernalia.”
  • 29.  
  • 30. 12. satyam param dhimahi
    • “ I meditate [dhimahi] upon Him, for He is the Absolute Truth [satyam param].”
    • This satyam param is directly Sri Krishna:
    • satya-vrataḿ satya-paraḿ tri-satyaḿ
    • satyasya yoniḿ nihitám ca satye
    • satyasya satyam ṛta-satya-netraḿ
    • satyātmakaḿ tvāḿ śaraṇaḿ prapannāḥ
  • 31.  
  • 32.
    • “ The demigods prayed: O Lord, You never deviate from Your vow, which is always perfect because whatever You decide is perfectly correct and cannot be stopped by anyone. Being present in the three phases of cosmic manifestation — creation, maintenance and annihilation — You are the Supreme Truth. Indeed, unless one is completely truthful, one cannot achieve Your favor, which therefore cannot be achieved by hypocrites. You are the active principle, the real truth, in all the ingredients of creation, and therefore you are known as antaryāmī, the inner force. You are equal to everyone, and Your instructions apply for everyone, for all time. You are the beginning of all truth. Therefore, offering our obeisances, we surrender unto You. Kindly give us protection.” (SB 10.2.26)
  • 33. Defining Bhagavatam and True Relgion
    • Dharmah ̣projjhita-kaitavo 'tra paramo nirmatsarāṇāḿ satāḿ
    • vedyaḿ vāstavam atra vastu śivadaḿ tāpa-trayonmūlanam
    • śrīmad-bhāgavate mahā-muni-kṛte kiḿ vā parair īśvaraḥ
    • sadyo hṛdy avarudhyate 'tra kṛtibhiḥ śuśrūṣubhis tat-kṣaṇāt
  • 34. “ Completely rejecting all religious activities which are materially motivated, this Bhāgavata Purāṇa propounds the highest truth, which is understandable by those devotees who are fully pure in heart. The highest truth is reality distinguished from illusion for the welfare of all. Such truth uproots the threefold miseries. This beautiful Bhāgavatam, compiled by the great sage Vyāsadeva [in his maturity], is sufficient in itself for God realization. What is the need of any other scripture? As soon as one attentively and submissively hears the message of Bhāgavatam, by this culture of knowledge the Supreme Lord is established within his heart.” SB 1.1.2
  • 35. Prabhupada’s advice on Bhagavatam
    • “ The proper method for receiving this transcendental message is to hear it submissively. A challenging attitude cannot help one realize this transcendental message. One particular word is used herein for proper guidance. This word is susrusu. One must be anxious to hear this transcendental message. The desire to sincerely hear is the first qualification.” purport 1.1.2
  • 36. On Bhagavatam 1.1.2
    • Defines true religion
    • Asserts that those religions teaching humanity to adore the Lord simply to fulfill one’s desires, even up to the point of liberation, are cheating religions.
    • Practicing religion simply for being “saved” is counted amongst the cheating religions.
  • 37. 1. dharmah projjhita kaitavo ‘tra paramo nirmatsaranam satam
    • “ Completely rejecting all religious activities which are materially motivated, this Bhagavata Purana propounds the highest truth, which is understandable by those devotees who are fully pure at heart.”
    • The Bhagavatam’s method is described dharma-projjhita kaitava tra: rejets dhama (“religion”) artha (economic, social success) kama (sense gratification) moska (liberation)
  • 38.
    • The highest truth is revealed but only to the nirmatsaranam-satam
    • Satam (devotee) nirmat-saranam (completely free from envy)
    • Envy manifests as engaging in undue competition with others and in taking pleasure in others misfortune.
    • Envy of Krishna is origin of all other envy. “Due to desire and hate the living entity is born into delusion.” (BG 7.27)
  • 39. 2. vedyam vastavam atra vastu sivadam tapa-trayonmulanam
    • “ The highest truth is reality distinguished from illusion for the welfare of all. Such truth uproots the threefold miseries.”
    • Krishna is vastu, the substance from which everything emanates.
    • Substance and categories; principles and details.
    • Because everything comes from the Absolute Truth, understanding this truth affords us an accurate perspective for which everything else is automatically understood.
  • 40.
    • Understanding the A.T. and one’s relationship with him causes sivadam, auspiciousness and tapa-trayonmulanam, freedom from the threefold miseries.
    • How simply by understanding A.T. and one’s relationship to the A.T. can one be freed from threefold miseries.
    • Perspective of everything as Krishna’s mercy.
  • 41. 3. Srimad-bhagavate maha-muni-krte kim va parair
    • “ This Beautiful Bhagavatam, complied by the great sage Vyasadeva [in his maturity], is sufficient in itself for God realization. What is the need of any other scripture.
  • 42. 4. Isvarah sadyo hrdy avarudhyate tra krtibhih susrusubhis tat-ksanat
    • “ As soon as one attentively and submissively hears the message of Bhagavatam, by this culture of knowledge, the Supreme Lord is established within his heart.”
    • Harnessing the power of hearing
    • The power of seeing through the ears
    • Enlightenment attained by hearing
  • 43. Special Invite: Taste test of Bhagavatam’s Sweetness! nigama-kalpa-taror galitaḿ phalaḿ śuka-mukhād amṛta-drava-saḿyutam Pibata bhāgavataḿ rasam ālayaḿ muhur aho rasikā bhuvi bhāvukāḥ
  • 44. “ O expert and thoughtful men, relish Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam, the mature fruit of the desire tree of Vedic literatures. It emanated from the lips of Śrī Śukadeva Gosvāmī. Therefore this fruit has become even more tasteful, although its nectarean juice was already relishable for all, including liberated souls.” SB 1.1.3
  • 45. Rasa-Sastra
    • “… Every living entity, beginning from Brahma, the first-born living being within the material world, down to the insignificant ant, desires to relish some sort of taste derived from sense perceptions. These sensual pleasures are technically called rasas…The sum total of all these rasas is called affection or love”
  • 46. 1. nigama-kalpa-taror galitam phalam
    • “… In this sloka, it is definitely stated that spiritual rasa, which is relished even in the liberated stage, can be experienced in the literature of the Srimad-Bhagavatam due to its being the ripened fruit of all Vedic knowledge. By submissively hearing this transcendental literature, one can attain the full pleasure of his heart’s desire.”
  • 47. 2. suka-mukhad amrta-drava-samyutam
    • “ The subject matter is so presented through the lips of Srila Sukadeva Gosvami that nay sincere listener that hears submissively can at once relish transcendental tastes which are distinct from the perverted taste of the material world…Srimad Bhagavatam is so carefully presented that a sincere and serious person can at once enjoy the ripened fruit of Vedic Knowledge simply by drinking the nectarean juice through the mouth of Sukadeva Gosvami or his bona-fide representative.”
  • 48. 3. Pibata bhagavatam rasam alayam
    • “ The Bhagavatam’s necterean juice is relishable by liberated souls and soul still to achieve liberation.”
    • Rasa “is originally exchanged between the spiritual living being and the spiritual whole, the Supreme Personality of Godhead. The spiritual exchange or rasa is fully exhibited in spiritual existence between living beings and the Supreme Lord.”
    • “ When one associates with the Supreme Lord and exchanges one’s constitutional rasa with the Lord, then the living being is actually happy.
  • 49.
    • How can one learn to relish rasa with Krishna?
    • Spiritual rasa is present in the Srimad-Bhagavatam, and one who hears the Bhagavatam submissively from Sukadeva Gosvami or his bonfide-representative “can attain the full pleasure of his hearts desire.”
  • 50. 4. Muhur aho rasika bhuvi bhavukah
    • “ Srimad-Bhagavatam is especially relishable for the expert and thoughtful souls fully conversant with the mellows of devotional love.”
  • 51. Theory, Experiment, Goal
    • Sambandha (Theory, Ontological Philosophy, Knowledge of relationships)
    • Abhidheya (application of the philsophy, theory, etc.; conducting the experiments according to the theory)
    • Prayojana (The goal one is trying to reach; necessity)
  • 52. Invocation (1-3) contain these 3 elements
    • (SB 1.1.1) Absolute Truth is an Individual Person and also very substance of everything; illusory potency is real and bewilder even devas; the spiritual is the reality which give credence to the illusion (sambandha)
    • (SB 1.1.2) Hearing is the process; quality of hearing must be submissive and attentive; practice must throw of the cheating processes of religion (abhidheya)
    • (SB 1.1.3) Tasting the satisfaction of transcendental relationship with the supreme (prayojana)
  • 53. Higher Dimension Reality Obtain by Hearing
    • The process, although having three division, is Absolute.
    • The means is also the end.
    • Vision of Reality is altered according to what we hear.
    • Vision of higher realities obtain by hearing primarily.
  • 54. Opening Scene (1.1.4-8)
    • 1.1.4-5 the sages assembled at Naimisaranya to peform sacrifice for benefit of whole world. They approach Suta Gosvami, giving him the high seat of esteem and with great respect inquired from Him.
    • Approaching proper authorities and inquiring from them is the secret to doing good for others.
  • 55.
    • SB 1.1.6-8 before the sages inquire, they tell 9 reason why they have approached Suta Gosvami
    • You are completely free from all vice
    • You are well versed in the Scriptures
    • Gone through them under proper guidance
    • Explained them
    • Senior
    • Versed in physical and metaphysical knowledge
    • Submissive (to spiritual masters)
    • Received blessing due to pleasing the spiritual master.
  • 56. Question 1
    • “Please, therefore, being blessed with many years, explain to us, in an easily understandable way, what you have ascertained to be the absolute and ultimate good for the people in general.” (SB 1.1.9)
  • 57.
    • “ The ācāryas and gosvāmīs are always absorbed in thought of the well-being of the general public, especially their spiritual well-being.”
    • “ Spiritual wellbeing is automatically followed by material well-being.”
    • “ The ācāryas therefore give directions in spiritual well-being for people in general.”
    • “ One cannot solve a problem with the same consciousness that created it.”-Eienstein
  • 58. Question 2
    • “ O learned one, in this iron age of Kali men have but short lives. They are quarrelsome, lazy, misguided, unlucky and, above all, always disturbed.” (SB 1.1.10) (connecter)
    • “ There are many varieties of scriptures, and in all of them there are many prescribed duties, which can be learned only after many years of study in their various divisions. Therefore, O sage, please select the essence of all these scriptures and explain it for the good of all living beings, that by such instruction their hearts may be fully satisfied.” (SB 1.1.11) (Question 2)
  • 59.
    • “ In Kali-yuga, the duration of life is shortened not so much because of insufficient food but because of irregular habits…Overeating, over-sense gratification, overdependence on another's mercy, and artificial standards of living sap the very vitality of human energy. Therefore the duration of life is shortened.”
    • “ The people of this age are also very lazy…in the matter of self-realization…due to a bad system of education[.]”
    • “ Even if they come to know about it, they unfortunately become victims of misguided teachers.”
  • 60.
    • “ In this age, men are victims…of many different types of sense-gratificatory diversions, such as cinemas, sports, gambling, clubs, mundane libraries, bad association, smoking, drinking, cheating, pilfering, bickerings, and so on. Their minds are always disturbed and full of anxieties due to so many different engagements.”
    • “ Material sense gratification is now the standard of civilization. For the maintenance of such material civilizations, man has formed complex nations and communities, and there is a constant strain of hot and cold wars between these different groups.”
    • All scriptures and spiritual instructions are meant for the satisfaction of…ātmā. There are many varieties of approaches which are recommended for different types of living beings in different times and at different places. Consequently, the numbers of revealed scriptures are innumerable.”
    • Therefore, what is the essence of all scriptures?
  • 61. Question 3
    • “ All blessings upon you, O Sūta Gosvāmī. You know for what purpose the Personality of Godhead appeared in the womb of Devakī as the son of Vasudeva.” (SB 1.1.12) (Question 3)
  • 62. Question 4
    • “ O Sūta Gosvāmī, we are eager to learn about the Personality of Godhead and His incarnations.” (SB 1.1.13) (Connector)
    • Why are they eager to hear this subject?
    • “ Please explain to us those teachings imparted by previous masters [ācāryas], for one is uplifted both by speaking them and by hearing them.” (SB 1.1.13) (Connector)
    • “ Living beings who are entangled in the complicated meshes of birth and death can be freed immediately by even unconsciously chanting the holy name of Kṛṣṇa, which is feared by fear personified.” (SB 1.1.14) (Connector)
  • 63. Question 4 continued…
    • “ O Sūta, those great sages who have completely taken shelter of the lotus feet of the Lord can at once sanctify those who come in touch with them, whereas the waters of the Ganges can sanctify only after prolonged use.” (SB 1.1.15) (Connector)
    • Glorification of the devotees who speaks that which they are eagered to hear. Being infused by Krishna-sakti they are more powerful then holy places.
  • 64. Question 4 Continued…
    • “ Who is there, desiring deliverance from the vices of the age of quarrel, who is not willing to hear the virtuous glories of the Lord?” (SB 1.1.16) (Connector)
    • Rhetorical question again glorifying the potency of hearing krishna-katha; ability to free one from all vice.
  • 65. Question 4
    • “ His transcendental acts are magnificent and gracious, and great learned sages like Nārada sing of them. Please, therefore, speak to us, who are eager to hear about the adventures He performs in His various incarnations.” (SB 1.1.17) (Question 4)
  • 66.
    • “ The conditions for hearing…are set forth herein. The first condition is that the audience must be very sincere and eager to hear. And the speaker must be in the line of disciplic succession from the recognized ācārya.”
    • “ The leaders of the people are very much anxious to live in peace and friendship, but they have no information of the simple method of hearing the glories of the Lord.”
    • How does this bring peace?
    • “ Kali-yuga is so saturated with vicious habits that there is a great fight at the slightest misunderstanding”
  • 67.
    • “ If we want actual peace, we must open the road to understanding of the Supreme Lord Kṛṣṇa and glorify Him for His virtuous activities as they are depicted in the pages of Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam.”
  • 68. Question 5
    • “ O wise Sūta, please narrate to us the transcendental pastimes of the Supreme Godhead's multi-incarnations. Such auspicious adventures and pastimes of the Lord, the supreme controller, are performed by His internal powers.” (SB 1.1.18) (Question 5)
  • 69. The Power of Hearing Krishna-Katha
    • “ We never tire of hearing the transcendental pastimes of the Personality of Godhead, who is glorified by hymns and prayers. Those who have developed a taste for transcendental relationships with Him relish hearing of His pastimes at every moment.” (1.1.19)
    • “ Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa, the Personality of Godhead, along with Balarāma, played like a human being, and so masked He performed many superhuman acts.” (1.1.20)
  • 70. The Power of Hearing Krishna-Katha
    • “ Knowing well that the age of Kali has already begun, we are assembled here in this holy place to hear at great length the transcendental message of Godhead and in this way perform sacrifice.” (1.1.21)
    • Hear is itself yajna, or sacrifice.
  • 71. Bona-fide Representative: Rare in Kali
    • “ We think that we have met Your Goodness by the will of providence, just so that we may accept you as captain of the ship for those who desire to cross the difficult ocean of Kali, which deteriorates all the good qualities of a human being.” (1.1.22)
    • Hear from right person is like taking shelter of a captain to get you across a tumultuous sea.
    • One is fortunate in Kali to meet such person, for they are rare, and there are many cheaters.
  • 72. Question 6
    • “ Since Śrī Kṛṣṇa, the Absolute Truth, the master of all mystic powers, has departed for His own abode, please tell us to whom the religious principles have now gone for shelter.” (1.1.23) (Question 6)