JQUERY
Prepared By

Jay Poojara

1
WHAT IS JQUERY?
jQuery is a fast, small, and feature-rich JavaScript library. It
makes things like HTML document traversal...
WHY IS JQUERY AWESOME?
What jQuery does well:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Simplified AJAX
DOM Manipulation
Event Management
Animations...
JQUERY FOUNDER

4
WHO'S USING JQUERY?

….This are some of the examples….

5
JQUERY PHILOSOPHY
Find some stuff

Do something to it

6
SAMPLE JQUERY
Our DOM
Include jQuery
The „ready event‟ – Binds a function to
be executed whenever the DOM is
ready
Select ...
DOLLAR FUNCTION $();
• JavaScript identifiers can start with $
• The jQuery framework automatically assigns „$‟ to the „jQ...
DOCUMENT READY EVENT
• $(document).ready(fn);
• The bound function will be called the instant the
DOM is ready to be read ...
SELECTORS
CSS3 Selectors
jQuery

Selects…

$(„#myId‟)

By ID

$(„div‟)

By Element Type

$(„.myClass‟)

By Class

$(„div, ...
FILTERS
$(„div:empty‟), $(„:empty‟), $(„div:not(:empty)‟)
jQuery

Filters…

:first, :last, :nth(n)

First, Last, Nth Eleme...
CHAINING
• Most jQuery methods return another jQuery object (usually the same
collection), which means you can chain metho...
ATTRIBUTES & CLASSES
• Getters & Setters for attr, html, text, val
• Getter (returns String – breaks chain)
var text = $(„...
TRAVERSING
• Family
• parent, parents, siblings, children

• Proximity
• closest, next, prev, nextAll, prevAll

• Searchin...
EVENTS
.bind(type, data, fn)
• Binds a handler to an event on all matched elements

.one(type, data, fn)
• Binds a handler...
EVENT HELPERS
blur, change, click, dblclick, error, focus, keydown, keypress, k
eyup, load, mousedown, mouseenter, mousele...
MANIPULATION
• Inserting Inside
•

append, prepend

•

appendTo, prependTo

• Inserting Outside
•

after, before

•

inser...
EFFECTS
• Basics
• show, hide, toggle

• Sliding
• slideUp, slideDown, slideToggle

• Fading
• fadeIn, fadeOut, fadeTo (op...
PLUG-INS
• Extremely Simple – Promotes code reuse and DRY principle
$.fn.MyPlugin = function(params) {};

• Return a jQuer...
UTILITY FUNCTIONS
• Array and Object Operations
$.each(object, callback) – Callback function will run for each item in the...
JQUERY DATA
• Can store data on one or more jQuery elements
• .data(name, value)

• value is an object

• Retrieves data f...
RESOURCES
• jQuery Main
•

http://jquery.com

•

http://docs.jquery.com/Downloading_jQuery

• jQuery API Documentation
•

...
THANK YOU
Even a correct decision is wrong when it was taken too
late.

any Queries?

23
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jQuery

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It contains all basic stuff of jQuery....

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  • Transcript of "jQuery"

    1. 1. JQUERY Prepared By Jay Poojara 1
    2. 2. WHAT IS JQUERY? jQuery is a fast, small, and feature-rich JavaScript library. It makes things like HTML document traversal and manipulation, event handling, animation, and Ajax much simpler with an easy-to-use API that works across a multitude of browsers. With a combination of versatility and extensibility, jQuery has changed the way that millions of people write JavaScript. 2
    3. 3. WHY IS JQUERY AWESOME? What jQuery does well: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Simplified AJAX DOM Manipulation Event Management Animations Normalizes Browser Differences Why It Is Successful: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Well Designed Easy to extend with plugins Great Documentation Large jQuery Community Cross-browser 3
    4. 4. JQUERY FOUNDER 4
    5. 5. WHO'S USING JQUERY? ….This are some of the examples…. 5
    6. 6. JQUERY PHILOSOPHY Find some stuff Do something to it 6
    7. 7. SAMPLE JQUERY Our DOM Include jQuery The „ready event‟ – Binds a function to be executed whenever the DOM is ready Select the „toggleContent‟ DOM element and bind a click event handler to it. Select the „content‟ DOM element and set the text to „Hello World!‟ Prevent the default behavior of the anchor tag by returning false 7
    8. 8. DOLLAR FUNCTION $(); • JavaScript identifiers can start with $ • The jQuery framework automatically assigns „$‟ to the „jQuery‟ function $ === jQuery true $(selector) is same as jQuery(selector) • Can use utility function to unassign $ $.noConflict(); $ === jQuery; false • Can reassign jQuery to another variable $j = $.noConflict(); $j === jQuery; true $j === $; false 8 $ === jQuery; false
    9. 9. DOCUMENT READY EVENT • $(document).ready(fn); • The bound function will be called the instant the DOM is ready to be read and manipulated. • As many as you want on the page. • Executed in the order they were added. • There is a shortcut: $(fn); 9
    10. 10. SELECTORS CSS3 Selectors jQuery Selects… $(„#myId‟) By ID $(„div‟) By Element Type $(„.myClass‟) By Class $(„div, span, p.myClass, #myid‟) Multiple $(„*‟) All $(„.myClass‟, this), $(„p.myClass‟) By Context (better performance) $(„#main div‟) Descendents (all levels) $(„#main > div‟) Children (first level) $(„label + input‟) The immediate element after $(„#prev ~ div‟) The first element after $(„div[id]‟) All elements that have the specified attribute $(„input[type=text]‟) By Attribute value 10
    11. 11. FILTERS $(„div:empty‟), $(„:empty‟), $(„div:not(:empty)‟) jQuery Filters… :first, :last, :nth(n) First, Last, Nth Element :odd, :even Odd, Even Elements :visible, :hidden Visible, Hidden Elements :enabled, :disabled Enabled, Disabled Elements :contains(“text”) Contains specified text :empty Elements w/ no children (or text) :first-child, :last-child, :nthchild(n) Child Element :lt(n), :gt(n) Elements w/ index below or after :not(selector) Does not match selector :MyCustomFilter Custom Filters (Implement your own!) Custom Filter Used 11
    12. 12. CHAINING • Most jQuery methods return another jQuery object (usually the same collection), which means you can chain method calls together with a fluent like syntax • Some methods that stop a chain, these methods return a value from the jQuery object .css(name), .text(), .html(), .val(), .height(), .width(), .is(„:visible‟) • Some methods will return a different jQuery collection, you can revert to the previous collection by calling .end(); 12
    13. 13. ATTRIBUTES & CLASSES • Getters & Setters for attr, html, text, val • Getter (returns String – breaks chain) var text = $(„#myDiv‟).text(); • Setter (returns jQuery) $(„#myDiv‟).text(„Hello World!‟); • text() escapes html() • val() used with inputs • attr() can take JSON • Add, Remove for Attributes & Classes • .removeAttr(„someAttr‟); • .addClass(„someClass‟); • .removeClass(„someClass‟); • .toggleClass(„someClass‟); 13
    14. 14. TRAVERSING • Family • parent, parents, siblings, children • Proximity • closest, next, prev, nextAll, prevAll • Searching • find 14
    15. 15. EVENTS .bind(type, data, fn) • Binds a handler to an event on all matched elements .one(type, data, fn) • Binds a handler to be executed only once for each matched element .trigger(event, data) • Trigger an event to occur on all matched elements .unbind(type, fn) • Removes event handlers from all matched elements .live(type, fn) • Binds a handler to an event on all currently matched and future matched elements. .die(type, fn) • Removes a bound live event. .hover(fnOver, fnOut) • Interaction helper that will handle mouseover and mouseout .toggle(fn1, fn2, fn3, fnN, …) • Interaction helper that will toggle among two or more function calls every other click. 15
    16. 16. EVENT HELPERS blur, change, click, dblclick, error, focus, keydown, keypress, k eyup, load, mousedown, mouseenter, mouseleave, mousemov e, mouseup, resize, scroll, select, submit, unload 16
    17. 17. MANIPULATION • Inserting Inside • append, prepend • appendTo, prependTo • Inserting Outside • after, before • insertAfter, insertBefore • Inserting Around • wrapInner • wrap • wrapAll • Replacing • replaceWith, replaceAll • Removing • empty, remove • Copying • clone 17
    18. 18. EFFECTS • Basics • show, hide, toggle • Sliding • slideUp, slideDown, slideToggle • Fading • fadeIn, fadeOut, fadeTo (opacity 0-1) • Custom • animate, stop 18
    19. 19. PLUG-INS • Extremely Simple – Promotes code reuse and DRY principle $.fn.MyPlugin = function(params) {}; • Return a jQuery object to prevent from “breaking the chain” • Unless you are returning a specific value • Best Practice is to wrap the plug-in declaration within an anonymous JavaScript function in order to prevent collisions with the use of $ 19
    20. 20. UTILITY FUNCTIONS • Array and Object Operations $.each(object, callback) – Callback function will run for each item in the object. The each method is meant to be an immutable iterator and returns the original array. $.map(array, callback) – Callback function will run for each item in the array. The map method can be used as an iterator, but is designed to be used for manipulation of the supplied array and returns a new array. $.merge(first, second) – Merges the second array into the first array. $.unique(array) – Removes duplicate elements (only works on arrays of DOM elements). $.extend(object) – Add functions into the jQuery namespace. $.extend(deep, target, object1, objectN) – Merge values from objects 1 to N into target object. Deep is an optional boolean that if true, tells jQuery to do a deep copy. $.grep(array, callback, invert) – Iterates through array, and returns a new array with values from the original array that satisfy the criteria specified in the callback. $.inArray(value, array) – Gets the index of the value in the array (-1 if not found). • String Operations $.trim(str) – Removes whitespace from the given string. • Test Operations $.isArray(obj) – Determines if the object is an array. $.isFunction(obj) – Determines if the object is a function. 20
    21. 21. JQUERY DATA • Can store data on one or more jQuery elements • .data(name, value) • value is an object • Retrieves data from the first element in the jQuery object • .data(name) 21
    22. 22. RESOURCES • jQuery Main • http://jquery.com • http://docs.jquery.com/Downloading_jQuery • jQuery API Documentation • http://api.jquery.com • http://docs.jquery.com • jQuery UI • http://jqueryui.com • http://jqueryui.com/themeroller/ • jQuery Blog • http://blog.jquery.com/ • Around The Web • • http://www.nettuts.com • • http://stackoverflow.com http://www.smashingmagazine.com Tools • Visual Studio JavaScript Intellisense Support (KB958502) • http://getfirebug.com/ (Firebug Firefox Plug-in) • http://jsbin.com/ (JS Bin - Collaborative JavaScript Debugging) 22
    23. 23. THANK YOU Even a correct decision is wrong when it was taken too late. any Queries? 23
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