Bio technology parks

182 views
132 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
182
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Bio technology parks

  1. 1. BY: JAY PAL SINGH CHOUDHARY ANUPMA TRIPATHI SGSITS MBA BIO-TECHNOLOGY PARKS
  2. 2. BIO-TECHNOLOGY .BiotechnologyBiotechnology oror biotechbiotech is the use of living systems and organisms tois the use of living systems and organisms to develop or make useful products, or "any technological application thatdevelop or make useful products, or "any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms or derivatives there of, to makeuses biological systems, living organisms or derivatives there of, to make or modify products or processes for specific use UN Convention onor modify products or processes for specific use UN Convention on Biological Diversity .For thousands of years, humankind has usedBiological Diversity .For thousands of years, humankind has used biotechnology in agriculture, food production and medicine.biotechnology in agriculture, food production and medicine. Biotechnology has applications in four major industrial areas, includingBiotechnology has applications in four major industrial areas, including health care (medical), crop production and agriculture, non foodhealth care (medical), crop production and agriculture, non food (industrial) uses of crops and other products.(industrial) uses of crops and other products. (e.g.(e.g. biodegradable plasticsbiodegradable plastics,, vegetable oilvegetable oil,, biofuelsbiofuels)) Biotechnology also draws on the pure biological sciences (Biotechnology also draws on the pure biological sciences (geneticsgenetics,, microbiologymicrobiology,, animal cell cultureanimal cell culture,, molecular biologymolecular biology,, biochemistrybiochemistry,, embryologyembryology,, cell biologycell biology))
  3. 3. BIO-TECHNOLOGY PARKS BIO-TECHNOLOGY PARKS is that type of park in which we usedBIO-TECHNOLOGY PARKS is that type of park in which we used technological application that uses biologicaltechnological application that uses biological living systems andliving systems and organisms to develop or make useful products.organisms to develop or make useful products. BiotechBiotech parks have been planned to provide financial and other logisticalparks have been planned to provide financial and other logistical support to new entrepreneurs having the intellectual capabilities tosupport to new entrepreneurs having the intellectual capabilities to develop new biotech products and processes.develop new biotech products and processes. Such entrepreneurs may find the parks attractive.Such entrepreneurs may find the parks attractive. Biotech Parks haveBiotech Parks have been created or planned/proposed in a number of states in Indiabeen created or planned/proposed in a number of states in India including Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Karnataka, Uttarincluding Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Uttarakhand, Rajasthan, Delhi,Pradesh, Punjab, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Uttarakhand, Rajasthan, Delhi, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh etc.Orissa, Madhya Pradesh etc.
  4. 4. The Indian biotechnology sector is one of the fastest growingThe Indian biotechnology sector is one of the fastest growing knowledge-based sectors in India and is expected to play a key role inknowledge-based sectors in India and is expected to play a key role in shaping India's rapidly developing economy. With numerousshaping India's rapidly developing economy. With numerous comparative advantages in terms of research and development (R&D)comparative advantages in terms of research and development (R&D) facilities, knowledge, skills, and cost effectiveness, the biotechnologyfacilities, knowledge, skills, and cost effectiveness, the biotechnology industry in India has immense potential to emerge as a global keyindustry in India has immense potential to emerge as a global key player.player. Key role of the Biotech park:Key role of the Biotech park: - HEALTH CARE- HEALTH CARE - AGRICULTURE- AGRICULTURE - INDUSTRIAL APPLICATION- INDUSTRIAL APPLICATION - ENERGY- ENERGY Biotechnology ParksBiotechnology Parks
  5. 5. EnergyEnergy: Bio fuels, renewable energy sources have been identified: Bio fuels, renewable energy sources have been identified as thrust areasas thrust areas Biotechnology ParksBiotechnology Parks AgricultureAgriculture: Improvement in the quality and yield of crops, horticulture: Improvement in the quality and yield of crops, horticulture and forest tree species, biopesticides and biofertilizers, processedand forest tree species, biopesticides and biofertilizers, processed food and quality enhancers.food and quality enhancers. Health CareHealth Care: Human and animal health care products including: Human and animal health care products including therapeutic aids, immuno-diagnostics, biosensors, vaccines, genetherapeutic aids, immuno-diagnostics, biosensors, vaccines, gene therapy, monoclonal antibodies, neutraceuticals and cosmeticstherapy, monoclonal antibodies, neutraceuticals and cosmetics Industrial ApplicationIndustrial Application: Plants as bioreactors, enzymes, chemicals and: Plants as bioreactors, enzymes, chemicals and polymerspolymers
  6. 6. Timeline of BiotechnologyTimeline of Biotechnology Pre-20th Century:Pre-20th Century: 1663 First recorded description of living1663 First recorded description of living cellscells recorded by Robert.recorded by Robert. 1802 The first recorded use of the word1802 The first recorded use of the word biologybiology.. 1824 Henri discovers that tissues are composed of1824 Henri discovers that tissues are composed of living cellsliving cells.. 20th Century:20th Century: 1953 James and Francis describe the structure of1953 James and Francis describe the structure of DNADNA.. 1974 Scientist invent the first1974 Scientist invent the first biocementbiocement forfor industrialindustrial applications.applications. 21st Century:21st Century: 2007 The first2007 The first NanoradioNanoradio is described by Alex.is described by Alex. 2012 31 year-old Zac Vawter successfully uses a nervous2012 31 year-old Zac Vawter successfully uses a nervous system controlled bionic leg to climb the Chicago Willis Towersystem controlled bionic leg to climb the Chicago Willis Tower
  7. 7. Our vision for Biotechnology research, development and commercialisation, in the next 10 years would thus focus on : • Basic Research in New Biology and Biotechnology (a) Genomics (b) Bioinformatics (c) Basic biological phenomena with potential application • Agriculture, Plant and Animal Biotechnology • Environment and Biodiversity • Medical Biotechnology • Biofuels • Bioprocesses, Product Development, and Bioinstrumentation • Human Resource Development • Creation and Strengthening of Infrastructure in Existing Institutions and setting up new Institutions • Biotechnology for Societal Development
  8. 8. Agriculture, Plant and Animal Biotechnology Crops Major thrust on : •Higher productivity •Enhanced nutritional status •Value addition to crops as therapeutics Stability against stresses : Insect pests and diseases still continue to cause heavy crop losses. Focussing on specific crops and problems, transgenic and / or marker-assisted selection approaches shall be developed and used to evolve stress-tolerant crop varieties. .
  9. 9. BIO-TECHNOLOGY
  10. 10. A SWOT Analysis of Biotechnology in India gives us the following results: Strengths: • Human Resources: Trained manpower and knowledge base. • Academic Resources: Good network of research laboratories. • Industry Base: Well developed base industries (for example. pharmaceuticals,seeds). • International Experts: Access to intellectual resources of NRI’s in this area. • Clinical Capability: Extensive clinical trials and research access to vast and diverse diseases in the huge population. • Bio-diversity: India’s human gene pools and unique plant, animal and microbial diversity offer an exciting opportunity for genomic research. • Stem Cells Research: Several labs have commenced research in stem cells and have valuable stem cell lines.
  11. 11. Opportunities: • Large domestic market • Large export potential • Low cost research base for international companies compared with other countries. • Vast and diverse disease based patient populations provide unique opportunities for clinical research and trials. • Supportive Government policy on embryonic stem cells research provides a useful opportunity for international companies to pursue such research in India. • Human bio-diversity provides unique research opportunity in genomics. • Plant and microbial bio-diversity provides vast prospecting opportunities for new drugs.
  12. 12. •Missing links between research and commercialization. •Lack of venture capital. •Relatively low R&D expenditure by industry. •Image of Indian industry – doubts about ability of Indian products to meet International standards of quality. Danger of anti-biotech propaganda gaining ground.Danger of anti-biotech propaganda gaining ground. Inadequate protection of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR), significantInadequate protection of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR), significant improvement remains to be undertaken in the areas of implementationimprovement remains to be undertaken in the areas of implementation and enforcement.and enforcement. Threats Weakness
  13. 13. Conclusion: The Indian Biotechnology Industry is set for rapid growth fueled by the growing market size and number of products as well as increased investments. The emergence of Biotech parks and state of the art Bio-IT parks will further boost this growth. Additionally, Indian biotech companies are set to capture the emerging biogenerics opportunity that would arise with nearly $10 billion worth biotech drugs going off-patent in the next 5 years. Although the implementation of TRIPS was expected to cause a setback in the growth of this industry, Frost & Sullivan’s analysis shows that this is not quite the case here
  14. 14. THE END THANK YOU!!!

×