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PresentacióN Building Materials
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PresentacióN Building Materials


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  • 1. Building Materials
  • 2. Stony Materials
    • There are two types of stones that are used:
    • 3. Compact rocks: stones of limy rock that are used in the construction of houses and monuments.
    • 4. Disintegrated rocks: they are fragments of stones with differrents sizes, as clays or arid arids.
  • 5. Binder Materials
    • They are materials that when they are mixed with water they get doughy and when they get solid they acquire rigidity.
    • 6. There are 4 types: Lime, plasters, cement and concret.
  • 7. Ceramic M aterials They are pieces made with clay and molded and cooked in ovens. There are two types of ceramic; the bricks and the tiles.
  • 8. Other Materials
      Metals Wood
  • 9. Metals They are materials characterized for being good drivers of the heat and the electricity, have high density, and are solid in normal temperatures. There are three types: Steel Aluminium Cooper
  • 10. Wood
    • Its presence is diminishing, but it is a common material in roofing, doors, windows and wall covering and flooring.
  • 11. Other Mat erials
      Plastics Glass
  • 12. Plastics The use of plastic is increasing in the construction. They are found in water pipes, electrical wiring, electrical insulation and cladding windows, etc.
  • 13. Glass They are used in many types of windows, doors, decorations, fences, etc.
  • 14. Construction of a building The construction of a building is a long and complex process involving several stages, employs large numbers of materials and involves the work of a large group of professionals.
  • 15. Preparation of the ground Consists in organizing the ground for the construction, through demolition, overburden and leveling. Bulldozer Crushing
  • 16. Grounding There is the placing of the elements that form the base of the building. They are all made of concrete. Types: Footings Foundation piles Mat foundations
  • 17. Structures Consist of the construction of slabs and pillars. Pillars Beams Vaults
  • 18. Covering of Water It is the placement of the roof of a building. Tiles Slate Sheet Fibrocement
  • 19. Siding
      They are exterior walls of buildings.
  • 20. Flooring and Cloisonne Flooring: consists of the construction of floors inside the building . Cloisonne: involves the placement of interior walls of the building. Cloisonne Flooring
  • 21. Finishes Exterior finishes: they are applied with stones, mortars and paints. Interior finishes: plaster is applied on all walls and performs painting and interior carpentry. Exterior finishes Interior finishes
  • 22. Other Installations
    • There are 6 main installations:
    • 23. - Plumbing: Set of tubes that carries and distributes the water.
    • 24. - Heating: Set of devices designed to heat a house or a room.
    • 25. - Air conditioning: climate conditioning of a room.
    • 26. - Electrical Installation: is to adapt the building for it can use electricity.
    • 27. - Alarm and Reception: serve to alert the around that you're being robbed.
    • 28. - Communications: consist of installing the telephone, television and the radio to use them as communications mediums.