Conflict in afghanistan

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I made this presentation for my school, because we were reading a book 'The Kite Runner'. And many of my classmates didn't understand what was going in Afghanistan, so I did this presentation for a better comprehension.

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Conflict in afghanistan

  1. 1. Conflict in Afghanistan Since 1978, until today. Part of the Cold War and War on Terror
  2. 2. Democratic Republic of Afghanistan (1978-1987) • The country had a communist government. • Help from the Soviet Union. • Resistance forces: Mujahidin. • In 1989 the USSR leave the country, but the Afghan communists don’t fall until 1992.
  3. 3. The Mujahidin • Meaning: Muslims who fight for God (Allah). • Helped by many Arabian volunteers. • Osama bin Laden: organizer and financier. • Supported by: the US (CIA), Pakistan (ISI), China (People’s Liberation Army), Saudi Arabia.
  4. 4. 1992-1996 • Fall of the Communist government. • The Mujahidin won the war and created a new government. • Establishment of the Islamic State of Afghanistan. • But this government falls and the Mujahidin ‘’split up’’. • Another Civil War starts.
  5. 5. 1992-1996 • Belligerents: Islamic State of Afghanistan, Taliban, Al Qaeda. • There are other guerrillas but they surrender because they lose support from other countries. • Result: the Taliban won. • Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan 1996-2001.
  6. 6. Civil War 1996-2001 • Taliban don’t have complete control of the country. The north remains the Islamic State of Afghanistan. • Belligerents: Taliban (Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan) with Al Qaeda and Pakistan against United Front (Islamic State of Afghanistan).
  7. 7. -Taliban -Flag of the Northern Alliance (right). -Map of Afghanistan
  8. 8. 2001-Today • End of the Taliban government. • Creation of the ISAF (International Security Assistance Force). • Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. • Killing of Osama bin Laden. • New Afghan Government and Security Forces. Force. • Return of more than 5.7 million refugees to Afghanistan.

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