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Macro micro
Macro micro
Macro micro
Macro micro
Macro micro
Macro micro
Macro micro
Macro micro
Macro micro
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Macro micro

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  • 1. From Macro-COSMOS To Micro-COSMOS .
  • 2. This is a trip at high speed, jumping distances by factor of 10. Start with 100 equivalent to 1 meter, and increasing sizes by factor of 10s 101 =10 meters 102 = 100 meters 103 = 1000 meters = 1 km 104 = 10,000 m = 10 km & so on, until the our local group of Galaxies.
  • 3. BON VOYAGE!
  • 4. 10 0 1 meter Distance to a bunch of leaves, in an oak Tree
  • 5. 10 1 10 meters Start our trip upwards ... We could see the foliage.
  • 6. 10 2 100 meters At this distance we can see the nearby trees, lake and the roof of laboratory.
  • 7. 10 3 1 km We can see the premises of The National High Magnetic Field Laboratory
  • 8. 10 4 10 km The city could be observed but we really can not see the houses
  • 9. 10 5 100 km At this height, the state of Flórida USA, can be seen..
  • 10. 10 6 1000 km Typical sight from a satellite showing South Eastern United States
  • 11. 10 7 10,000 km The Northern Hemisphere of Earth, and part of South America
  • 12. 10 8 100,000 km Our Home - Planet Earth.
  • 13. 10 9 1 millón km The Earth and the Moon’s órbit in white....
  • 14. 10 10 10 Millons km Part of the Earth’s Orbit in blue
  • 15. 10 11 100 millons km Órbits of Venus and Earth...
  • 16. 10 12 1 billón km Órbits of: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars and Júpiter.
  • 17. 10 13 10 billons km At this height of our trip, we can observe Our Solar System with the orbits of the planets
  • 18. 10 14 100 Billons km The Solar System starts looking small...
  • 19. 10 15 1 trillón km Planets are no longer visible, The Bright Sun is now only a small star
  • 20. 10 16 1 light-year At one light-year our little Sun star is very small
  • 21. 10 17 10 light-year More Space filled with thousands of Stars of our Galaxy.
  • 22. 10 18 100 light-years “Nothing” Only stars and Nebulae...
  • 23. 10 19 1,000 light-years At this distance we can start seeing a section of our Milky Way galaxy.
  • 24. 10 20 10,000 light-years We are still looking at a part of our Milky Way Galaxy. We still can not make out its shape
  • 25. 10 21 100,000 light-years Now we start seeing the edges of our Milky Way Galaxy.
  • 26. 10 22 1 millión light-years At this tremendous distance we can see the entire Milky Way Galaxy and some other galáxies too...
  • 27. 10 23 10 million light-years From this distance we are looking at a small group of Galaxies... Each Galaxy consists of millions of stars. Millions of galaxies in the universe 10 million light-years
  • 28. This is NOT the end of the Universe... We will not be traveling further out to the edge of the universe... We will return from here So let’s return, a little faster, up to the point where we started and continue our trip in the opposite direction reducing distances of travel by factors of 10 into the microcosmos.
  • 29. 10 22
  • 30. 10 21
  • 31. 10 20
  • 32. 10 19
  • 33. 10 18
  • 34. 10 17
  • 35. 10 16
  • 36. 10 15
  • 37. 10 14
  • 38. 10 13
  • 39. 10 12
  • 40. 10 11
  • 41. 10 10
  • 42. 10 9
  • 43. 10 8
  • 44. 10 7
  • 45. 10 6
  • 46. 10 5
  • 47. 10 4 Questions that come to our minds ... Who are we? Where are we going? From where did we come from? What is our
  • 48. 10 3 Or... What do we represent in the Universe? Earth - with ONLY known LIFE in the Cosmos.. What’s so special about us?
  • 49. 10 2 In this trip “upwards” we went to the power of 23 of 10
  • 50. 10 1 Now we are going to dig inside of the matter in an inverse trip... Into the Micro Cosmos
  • 51. 10 0 We arrived at our starting point. A Bunch of leaves in an Oak Tree
  • 52. 10 -1 10 Centímeters Getting closer at 10 cm ...We can delineate the leaves.
  • 53. 10 -2 1 Centímeter At this distance it is possible to observe the structure of the leaf.
  • 54. 10 -3 1 Millímeter The cellular structures start showing...Leaf magnified 10 times
  • 55. 10 -4 100 microns The Cells more defined on the Surface of the leaf magnified 100 times.
  • 56. 10 -5 10 microns Start of our trip inside the an individual leaf cell
  • 57. 10 -6 1 micrón The nucleus of the cell is visible.
  • 58. 10 -7 1000 Angstroms Chromatin Threads in the Leaf Cell Nucleus.
  • 59. 10 -8 100 Angstroms In this micro universe the DNA strands are visible.
  • 60. 10 -9 10 Angstroms DNA Neuclotide Building Blocks can be seen
  • 61. 10 -10 1 Angstrom Peering inside a Carbon Atom. The outer Electron cloud can be seen. See how it looks like the MacroCosmos!!
  • 62. 10 -11 10 picómeters In this miniature world the electrons orbit the nucleus.. Like the planets orbit the Stars
  • 63. 10 -12 1 Picómeter The immense empty space between the nucleous and the electron orbits...
  • 64. 10 -13 100 Fentómeters At this incredible miniscule size we could observe the nucleus of the atom beneath the electron shells
  • 65. 10 -14 10 Fentómeters Now we could observe the nucleous of the carbon atom
  • 66. 10 -15 1 Fentómeter Face to face with a single proton.
  • 67. 10 -16 100 Atómeters The ‘quark’ partícules There is nowhere more to go... At the limits of current scientific knowledge . This is the limit of matter...
  • 68. Powers of 10 Interactive Java Tutorial developed by Florida State University http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/primer/java/scienceopticsu/powersof10/ .
  • 69. ‫”لخلقا السمِساواتا والرضا أكبرا منا خلقا النِسا

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