Macro micro

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Macro micro

  1. 1. From Macro-COSMOS To Micro-COSMOS .
  2. 2. This is a trip at high speed, jumping distances by factor of 10. Start with 100 equivalent to 1 meter, and increasing sizes by factor of 10s 101 =10 meters 102 = 100 meters 103 = 1000 meters = 1 km 104 = 10,000 m = 10 km & so on, until the our local group of Galaxies.
  3. 3. BON VOYAGE!
  4. 4. 10 0 1 meter Distance to a bunch of leaves, in an oak Tree
  5. 5. 10 1 10 meters Start our trip upwards ... We could see the foliage.
  6. 6. 10 2 100 meters At this distance we can see the nearby trees, lake and the roof of laboratory.
  7. 7. 10 3 1 km We can see the premises of The National High Magnetic Field Laboratory
  8. 8. 10 4 10 km The city could be observed but we really can not see the houses
  9. 9. 10 5 100 km At this height, the state of Flórida USA, can be seen..
  10. 10. 10 6 1000 km Typical sight from a satellite showing South Eastern United States
  11. 11. 10 7 10,000 km The Northern Hemisphere of Earth, and part of South America
  12. 12. 10 8 100,000 km Our Home - Planet Earth.
  13. 13. 10 9 1 millón km The Earth and the Moon’s órbit in white....
  14. 14. 10 10 10 Millons km Part of the Earth’s Orbit in blue
  15. 15. 10 11 100 millons km Órbits of Venus and Earth...
  16. 16. 10 12 1 billón km Órbits of: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars and Júpiter.
  17. 17. 10 13 10 billons km At this height of our trip, we can observe Our Solar System with the orbits of the planets
  18. 18. 10 14 100 Billons km The Solar System starts looking small...
  19. 19. 10 15 1 trillón km Planets are no longer visible, The Bright Sun is now only a small star
  20. 20. 10 16 1 light-year At one light-year our little Sun star is very small
  21. 21. 10 17 10 light-year More Space filled with thousands of Stars of our Galaxy.
  22. 22. 10 18 100 light-years “Nothing” Only stars and Nebulae...
  23. 23. 10 19 1,000 light-years At this distance we can start seeing a section of our Milky Way galaxy.
  24. 24. 10 20 10,000 light-years We are still looking at a part of our Milky Way Galaxy. We still can not make out its shape
  25. 25. 10 21 100,000 light-years Now we start seeing the edges of our Milky Way Galaxy.
  26. 26. 10 22 1 millión light-years At this tremendous distance we can see the entire Milky Way Galaxy and some other galáxies too...
  27. 27. 10 23 10 million light-years From this distance we are looking at a small group of Galaxies... Each Galaxy consists of millions of stars. Millions of galaxies in the universe 10 million light-years
  28. 28. This is NOT the end of the Universe... We will not be traveling further out to the edge of the universe... We will return from here So let’s return, a little faster, up to the point where we started and continue our trip in the opposite direction reducing distances of travel by factors of 10 into the microcosmos.
  29. 29. 10 22
  30. 30. 10 21
  31. 31. 10 20
  32. 32. 10 19
  33. 33. 10 18
  34. 34. 10 17
  35. 35. 10 16
  36. 36. 10 15
  37. 37. 10 14
  38. 38. 10 13
  39. 39. 10 12
  40. 40. 10 11
  41. 41. 10 10
  42. 42. 10 9
  43. 43. 10 8
  44. 44. 10 7
  45. 45. 10 6
  46. 46. 10 5
  47. 47. 10 4 Questions that come to our minds ... Who are we? Where are we going? From where did we come from? What is our
  48. 48. 10 3 Or... What do we represent in the Universe? Earth - with ONLY known LIFE in the Cosmos.. What’s so special about us?
  49. 49. 10 2 In this trip “upwards” we went to the power of 23 of 10
  50. 50. 10 1 Now we are going to dig inside of the matter in an inverse trip... Into the Micro Cosmos
  51. 51. 10 0 We arrived at our starting point. A Bunch of leaves in an Oak Tree
  52. 52. 10 -1 10 Centímeters Getting closer at 10 cm ...We can delineate the leaves.
  53. 53. 10 -2 1 Centímeter At this distance it is possible to observe the structure of the leaf.
  54. 54. 10 -3 1 Millímeter The cellular structures start showing...Leaf magnified 10 times
  55. 55. 10 -4 100 microns The Cells more defined on the Surface of the leaf magnified 100 times.
  56. 56. 10 -5 10 microns Start of our trip inside the an individual leaf cell
  57. 57. 10 -6 1 micrón The nucleus of the cell is visible.
  58. 58. 10 -7 1000 Angstroms Chromatin Threads in the Leaf Cell Nucleus.
  59. 59. 10 -8 100 Angstroms In this micro universe the DNA strands are visible.
  60. 60. 10 -9 10 Angstroms DNA Neuclotide Building Blocks can be seen
  61. 61. 10 -10 1 Angstrom Peering inside a Carbon Atom. The outer Electron cloud can be seen. See how it looks like the MacroCosmos!!
  62. 62. 10 -11 10 picómeters In this miniature world the electrons orbit the nucleus.. Like the planets orbit the Stars
  63. 63. 10 -12 1 Picómeter The immense empty space between the nucleous and the electron orbits...
  64. 64. 10 -13 100 Fentómeters At this incredible miniscule size we could observe the nucleus of the atom beneath the electron shells
  65. 65. 10 -14 10 Fentómeters Now we could observe the nucleous of the carbon atom
  66. 66. 10 -15 1 Fentómeter Face to face with a single proton.
  67. 67. 10 -16 100 Atómeters The ‘quark’ partícules There is nowhere more to go... At the limits of current scientific knowledge . This is the limit of matter...
  68. 68. Powers of 10 Interactive Java Tutorial developed by Florida State University http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/primer/java/scienceopticsu/powersof10/ .
  69. 69. ‫”لخلقا السمِساواتا والرضا أكبرا منا خلقا النِسا

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