Change ofqibla final


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Change ofqibla final

  1. 1. The Change of Qiblah From Surah Al-Baqarah
  2. 2. The First Masjid on Earth Narrated Abu Dhar: I said, "O Allah's Apostle! Which mosque was first built on the surface of the earth?" He said, "Al-Masjid-ul-,Haram (in Mecca)." I said, "Which was built next?" He replied "The mosque of Al-Aqsa ( in Jerusalem) .“ I said, "What was the period of construction between the two?“ He said, "Forty years." He added, "Wherever (you may be, and) the prayer time becomes due, perform the prayer there, for the best thing is to do so (i.e. to offer the prayers in time)." (Bukhari :: Book 55 :: Hadith 585 )
  3. 3. Masjid e Haram In the present time
  4. 4. Aerial view of Makkah
  5. 5. Masjid e Haram
  6. 6. The Haram
  7. 7. Masjid e Aqsa In the present time
  8. 8. Masjid e Aqsa – Entire Area
  9. 9. History of Kabah The House of Allah
  10. 10. The Kabah • House of Allah called Kabah because of its cubiform shape. • Also because of its elevation above ground level. • Also called Bait Al Atiq because Allah freed it from coming under the control of tyrants.
  11. 11. Construction of Kabah • Kabah Built a number of times – First time built by Angels – Second time built by Prophet Adam (as) – Third Time built by Prophet Ibrahim (as) with his son Prophet Ismail (as) – Fourth time by the Quraish during life of Muhammad (saw) Kabah as it stands now
  12. 12. Around 1800 BC
  13. 13. Ibrahim (as) Travels to Makkah
  14. 14. The rise on the sacred location of the Kabah before it was built by Ibrahim (as)
  15. 15. Kabah built by Ibrahim (as) • And (remember) when Ibrâhim (Abraham) and (his son) Ismâ'il (Ishmael) were raising the foundations of the House (the Ka'bah at Makkah), (saying), "Our Lord! Accept (this service) from us. Verily! You are the All-Hearer, the All-Knower.“ (Al-Baqarah, Ayat 127)
  16. 16. The Kaaba at the time of Ibrahim (as)
  17. 17. Around 800- 1300 Years Later
  18. 18. Masjid e Aqsa • Sulaiman (as), son of Dawood (as) built a house of worship for Allah – The Masjid e Aqsa or Baitul Maqdas on a sacred hill called Mount Moriah Model of Temple of Solomon as thought by Jews • The Jews call it the Temple of Solomon. • They have detailed description of this temple in their books which they have modeled.
  19. 19. Second Construction • Babylonian King Nebuchadenezzar entered Jerusalem in 586 BC and destroyed the temple. And enslaved the Jews. • After many years Jews returned to Palestine & rebuilt their temple during the reign of Persian King Cyrus and were given self-government inside Jerusalem. Drawing of the second Temple
  20. 20. Final Destruction • Jerusalem was conquered by Romans in the Era of Isa (as). Temple was used by Isa (as) for preaching. • 70 AD, Jews revolted against the Romans. Roman King Titus entered Jerusalem and destroyed the Temple completely. • The Romans built their pagan temples all over Jerusalem and started calling the city Aelia Capitalonia • It was known by this name during the time of Muslims The Temple on Mount Moriah as imagined by the Jews
  21. 21. Advent of Islam • AD 324 -Roman King Constantine embraced Christianity and built Churches in Jerusalem. • In 571 AD Prophet Muhammad saw was born, while Palestine was still under the Byzantine Christian Empire. • In 614 AD Persians conquered Palestine and destroyed the Christian Churches.
  22. 22. Kabah at the time of Quraish • Before Prophet hood of Muhammad (saw) Kabah was a structure of stones without mortar. • Quraish rebuilt the Kabah with wood and stones and made a roof for it. • Prophet Muhammad saw placed the Black Stone The Hajrah Aswad in its place at the corner of the Kabah.
  23. 23. Migration to Medina • After proclaiming Islam, Muslims were persecuted by the Makkans so they migrated to Medina, formerly Yathrib. • The Qibla for prayer at Medina was Masjid Al Aqsa in Jerusalem, which was probably just some ruins. • After 17 months, Allah commanded the change of Qibla to Kabah at Makkah.