ByJaved Iqbal Anjum PDT of PDCN for EDIP Project
Outline1. Objectives2. Learning outcomes3. What is reading?4. Why reading?5. Types of writing6. Reading improvement strategies
Learning outcomes By the end of this session, C.Ps could be able to; Define reading, Share the types and importance of reading, Develop some strategies to improve students’ at primary level.
What is reading? Reading is a multifaceted process involving word recognition, comprehension, fluency, and motivation. Learn how readers integrate these facets to make meaning from print.( Diane Henry Leipzig) Reading is making meaning from print. It requires that we: Identify the words in print – a process called word recognition Construct an understanding from them – a process called comprehension Coordinate identifying words and making meaning so that reading is automatic and accurate – an achievement called fluency
Cont…. Reading is the way a person gets information from written letters and words. A person can read using sight or touch, such as when a vision- impaired person reads braille. http://www.nichd .nih.gov/health/topics/reading.cfm Reading is asking questions of printed text. And reading with comprehension becomes a matter of getting your questions answered. - Frank Smith in Reading Without Nonsense (1997)
Why reading To get an overview To locate specific information Practical application To develop detailed and analytical understanding Pleasure reading/Free-range reading Choose reading material in a subject that interests your student. Provide your student with a task Explain new vocabulary. http://www.ehow.com/how_7553910_improve-students-reading- ability.html
Cont… The Purpose of Reading. The purpose of reading is to connect the ideas on the page to what you already know. If you dont know anything about a subject, then pouring words of text into your mind is like pouring water into your hand. You dont retain much. For example, try reading these numbers: 7516324 This is hard to read and remember. 751-6324 This is easier because of chunking. 123-4567 This is easy to read because of prior knowledge and structure.
How to improve reading Active listening Model reading Silent reading Reading aloud Language experience Cooperative learning (Palar) Guided Reading Independent Reading
Knowledge and Skills for Reading Oral language Prior knowledge and experience Concept about print Phonemic awareness Letter sound relation Vocabulary for reading High order thinking Skillshttp://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/document/reports/reading/effective.html
Pre Reading1. Before and after chart2. Structured overview3. Scanning and Skimming4. Making prediction5. Reading pictures6. Brainstorming
While Reading Reciprocal Reading Cooperative Cloze 3 H strategy Fit inNew South Wales Department of Education and Training
After Reading Reflect on reading Make a summary