Demographic Analysis of Pune


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Demographic Analysis of Pune

  1. 1. Pune Demographical Analysis City Development Plan (2006-2012) Amity University Uttar Pradesh Amity School Of Architecture & Planning Presented by :- Jatin Garg B.PLAN (2011-15)
  2. 2. Population Growth Trends The population of Pune city as per Census 2001 is close to 25 lakhs. In the last 50 years, the city’s population has grown by more than five times. The growth in population testifies to the vibrancy of its economic activity
  3. 3. India has a very young population with a median population age of 24 years; about 65% of the total population is less than 35 years old. Pune is also reflective of this demographic characteristic with the median age being closer to the national level. But, 62 percent of the total population is under the age of 30 years. In Pune, the 25-34 age group forms a larger proportion of the total population compared to that prevailing at the national level. It would not be incorrect to say that the tendency to migrate will probably be the highest within this age bracket. It is estimated that about 50 percent of the population increase is on account of in-migration. This probably explains Pune’s relatively larger share of population in the 25-34 age groups.
  4. 4. Population Pyramid : Census 2001
  5. 5. Population Density Pune city has a population density of 10,412 per square kilometre as per the 2001 census. However, Pune has a lower gross population density when compared to other peer group cities like Ahmedabad, Chennai, Bangalore and Hyderabad. Thus, there is scope for development within the available area.
  6. 6. Spatial distribution Of Population The Spatial Distribution of population has been examined, based on the ward densities in PMC. The Average ward population is 1,92,642, varying from 1,00,059 in Dhole Patil Ward to 2,51,100 in Bibwewadi Ward. The densities are high in the core city, The summary of the distribution of wards by population density in presented below. The area in the centre of the city, which primarily is the old city, is densely populated. The Bhavani Peth ward located right in the centre of the city, has the highest density followed by its two neighbouring wards Vishrambagh Wada and Kasaba Peth. This area includes Laxmi road which is the hub of the city. Tulsibagh, a major market, is also located in this area.
  7. 7. Spatial distribution Of Population
  8. 8. The city appears to be growing in the southeast and southwest directions. As per the 2005 population estimates, the Tilak Road ward on the southwest side of the city is experiencing a rapid growth of 50%. The Karve Road is also growing at a rate of 32%. In the southeast direction, the Bibwewadi ward with its proximity to the Solapur bypass is growing at a rate of 38 % followed by Hadapsar at 26 %. The dynamic process of population growth is beyond the control of the authorities; it is actually a function of land prices and ease of accessibility to work place and availability of basic services. As a result, population growth is being witnessed in the fringe areas of the city and just outside the PMC limits, especially in the southwest direction.
  9. 9. Literacy Rate Pune city has a literacy rate of 77% as per the last census. Males have a higher literacy rate at 81.4% compared to 72.2% for females. However, the gap between literacy rates for males & females has narrowed, compared to that prevailing in 1991
  10. 10. Migrartion It has been estimated that 50% of the population growth has been on account of migration. This probably has had an adverse effect on the city’s sex ratio. Pune has 916 females for every 1000 males as per Census 2001. This ratio was 928 females per 1000 males as per the 1991 Census.
  11. 11. Population Projection For the last four decades, the decadal growth rate in population has been in excess of 40%. It is projected that the population of Pune city will reach 56.57 lakhs by the time of the 2031 census. As of 2005, it is estimated that the total population is around 29.46 lakhs. This implies that the population density for Pune will be over 23,000 per square kilometers by the year 2031 compared to just over 12,000 in 2005. This may not look far-fetched as about 90% of the population is below the age of 50 and the city has a very young population with the median age being close to 24 years. A combination of the population pyramid tending to take the shape of a pillar and a large proportion of the current younger generation expected to start families within the next decade and half will probably result in the population figure reaching the projected level.
  12. 12. Population Projection
  13. 13. Key Issues  The population of Pune during the last four decades grew at an average annual rate of over 3.64 per cent against the national average of 2.1 per cent and state average of about 3.3 percent. Given this trend and the strong economic activity in the Pune region, Pune is bound to attract a lot of migrants. It is also observed that during the last decade, 50 per cent of growth has been due to in migration.  The migrant population is likely to increase the demand for housing, particularly for EWS/low income groups (LIG), if housing for these groups is not planned, slums are likely to proliferate.  The positive feature of Pune is that large parcels of vacant lands are available and currently the densities are low, except in the core old city. Hence, there is no issue of land availability, but the affordability is an area of concern.  The growth in population is also likely to stress the already stressed modes of public transport and will impact other services; hence, planned efforts are required to direct the growth in the right direction.
  14. 14. Thank You…