Pune Demographical Analysis
City Development Plan (2006-2012)
Amity University Uttar Pradesh
Amity School Of Architecture & Planning
Presented by :-
Population Growth Trends
The population of Pune city as per Census 2001 is close
to 25 lakhs. In the last 50 years, the city’s population has
grown by more than five times. The growth in population
testifies to the vibrancy of its economic activity
India has a very young population with a median population age of 24
years; about 65% of the total population is less than 35 years old. Pune
is also reflective of this demographic characteristic with the median age
being closer to the national level. But, 62 percent of the total population is
under the age of 30 years. In Pune, the 25-34 age group forms a larger
proportion of the total population compared to that prevailing at the
national level. It would not be incorrect to say that the tendency to
migrate will probably be the highest within this age bracket. It is
estimated that about 50 percent of the population increase is on account
of in-migration. This probably explains Pune’s relatively larger share of
population in the 25-34 age groups.
Pune city has a population density of 10,412 per square
kilometre as per the 2001 census. However, Pune has a
lower gross population density when compared to other
peer group cities like Ahmedabad, Chennai, Bangalore and
Hyderabad. Thus, there is scope for development within
the available area.
Spatial distribution Of Population
The Spatial Distribution of population has been examined, based
on the ward densities in PMC. The Average ward population is
1,92,642, varying from 1,00,059 in Dhole Patil Ward to 2,51,100
in Bibwewadi Ward. The densities are high in the core city, The
summary of the distribution of wards by population density in
The area in the centre of the city, which primarily is the old city, is
densely populated. The Bhavani Peth ward located right in the
centre of the city, has the highest density followed by its two
neighbouring wards Vishrambagh Wada and Kasaba Peth. This
area includes Laxmi road which is the hub of the city.
Tulsibagh, a major market, is also located in this area.
The city appears to be growing in the southeast and southwest
directions. As per the 2005 population estimates, the Tilak Road
ward on the southwest side of the city is experiencing a rapid
growth of 50%. The Karve Road is also growing at a rate of 32%. In
the southeast direction, the Bibwewadi ward with its proximity to the
Solapur bypass is growing at a rate of 38 % followed by Hadapsar
at 26 %.
The dynamic process of population growth is beyond the control of
the authorities; it is actually a function of land prices and ease of
accessibility to work place and availability of basic services. As a
result, population growth is being witnessed in the fringe areas of
the city and just outside the PMC limits, especially in the southwest
Pune city has a literacy rate of 77% as per the last census. Males
have a higher literacy rate at 81.4% compared to 72.2% for females.
However, the gap between literacy rates for males & females has
narrowed, compared to that prevailing in 1991
It has been estimated that 50% of the population growth has
been on account of migration. This probably has had an
adverse effect on the city’s sex ratio. Pune has 916 females for
every 1000 males as per Census 2001. This ratio was 928
females per 1000 males as per the 1991 Census.
For the last four decades, the decadal growth rate in population
has been in excess of 40%. It is projected that the population of
Pune city will reach 56.57 lakhs by the time of the 2031 census.
As of 2005, it is estimated that the total population is around 29.46
lakhs. This implies that the population density for Pune will be
over 23,000 per square kilometers by the year 2031 compared to
just over 12,000 in 2005.
This may not look far-fetched as about 90% of the population is
below the age of 50 and the city has a very young population
with the median age being close to 24 years. A combination of the
population pyramid tending to take the shape of a pillar and a
large proportion of the current younger generation
expected to start families within the next decade and half will
probably result in the population figure reaching the projected
The population of Pune during the last four decades grew at an average
annual rate of over 3.64 per cent against the national average of 2.1 per
cent and state average of about 3.3 percent. Given this trend and the
strong economic activity in the Pune region, Pune is bound to attract a
lot of migrants. It is also observed that during the last decade, 50 per
cent of growth has been due to in migration.
The migrant population is likely to increase the demand for
housing, particularly for EWS/low income groups (LIG), if housing for
these groups is not planned, slums are likely to proliferate.
The positive feature of Pune is that large parcels of vacant lands are
available and currently the densities are low, except in the core old city.
Hence, there is no issue of land availability, but the affordability is an
area of concern.
The growth in population is also likely to stress the already stressed
modes of public transport and will impact other services;
hence, planned efforts are required to direct the growth in the right