Environmental science 2nd lecture

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  • 1. Environmental Science 2 nd Lecture FEU Makati
  • 2. Environmental Jurisprudence
    • “ Instruction from the Law Maker”
    • Law is defined as an ordinance of reason promulgated for the common good by Him who is charge. ( St. Augustine)
    • Environment is an intricate system of relationship which links plants, animals, air, water an other life forms.
    • Environmental law has evolved to protect our surroundings.
  • 3. History of Environmental Law
    • In 1972 UN Stockholm Conference declares the following agreements among nations for the World Environment:
    • Dangerous Level of Pollution in Water and Air; Earth and Living Being
    • Undesirable Disturbance to the Ecological Balance of the Biosphere
    • Destruction and Depletion of the Irreplaceable Resources.
  • 4. International Treaties
    • International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution of the Sea by Oil.
    • International Plant Convention of the Regulation of Whaling
    • International Plant Protection Convention
    • Plant Protection Agreement for South East Asia and the Pacific Region
    • Vienna Convention on Civil Liability of Nuclear Damages and Optional Protocol Concerning the Compulsory Settlements of Disputes.
  • 5.
    • 6. Treaty Banning Nuclear Test in the Atmosphere in Outer Space and Water
    • 7. Convention on the Prohibition of the Development Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological and Toxin Weapons and on Destruction
    • 8. Convention on the International Trade on Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora
    • 9. Convention on the Prevention of Marine pollution by Dumping Waste and other Matter
    • 10. Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete Ozone.
  • 6. Environmental Protection Laws of the Philippines
    • Presidential Decree no. 1151
    • Philippine Environmental Policy
    • Philippine Environmental Code
    • -Water Quality Management
    • -Air Quality Management
    • -Land Use Management
    • -Natural Resources Management and Conservation
  • 7. Natural Resources Management and Conservation
    • 1. Fisheries and Aquatic Resources
    • 2. Wildlife
    • 3. Forestry and Soil Conservation
    • 4. Flood Control and Natural Calamities
    • 5. Energy Development
    • 6. Conservation and Utilization of Surface and Ground Water
    • 7. Mineral Resources
  • 8. Executive Order no.192 1987 reorganization of DEENR - DENR
    • Forest Management Bureau
    • Land Management Bureau
    • Mines and GeoSciences Bureau
    • Environmental Management Bureau
    • Ecosystem Research and Development Bureau
  • 9. Laws Created:
    • Law on Fisheries
    • Law on Flood Control and Natural Calamities
    • Forestry Law
    • Land Use Planning and Management
    • Mining
    • Pollution and Traffic Management
    • Waste Management
    • Philippine Laws on Energy
    • Water and Water Quality Management
  • 10. Decrees and RA related to the Environmental Protection Law
    • The Environmental Council
    • The Philippine Environmental Policy Decree
    • The Philippine Environment Code
    • The Philippine Water Code
    • The Philippine Clean Air Act 1999
    • The Philippine Clean Water Act of 2004
    • Toxic Substances and Hazardous and Nuclear Waste Control act of 1990
    • Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of
    • 2000
  • 11.
    • Air Quality Management
      • Provide inputs to the Technical Working Group on the pre-feasibility study of Bus Rapid Transit
      • Promote initiatives on non-motorized transport/ pedestrianization and other sustainable transportation options
      • Support efforts for cleaner, more efficient tricycles
      • Support efforts on the use of cleaner fuels, e.g., CME, CNG, ethanol, etc.
      • Support enforcement of the ban on open burning
  • 12. Water Quality Management
    • HARD FACTS (Philippines )
    • 9 major cities are at risk /vulnerable to experiencing significant water constraints (Master Plan 1998).
    • 18 river systems are below water quality standards (Philippine Environment Monitor 2003).
    • 50 rivers (12%) of the 421 rivers in the country are considered biologically dead (Phil. Environment Monitor 2003).
  • 13.
    • Only a third or 36% of the country’s river systems are classified as sources of public water supply (Phil. Environment Monitor 2003).
    • Up to 58% of groundwater sampled is contaminated with coliform and needs treatment (Phil. Environment Monitor 2003).
    • Many areas experience a shortage of water supply during the dry season
    • Per capita water availability is 1,907 cu.meter per year ( second lowest in Southeast Asian )
  • 14. Hard Facts Continuation
    • Economic losses due to water pollution: Phil. Environment Monitor 2003
    • Estimated annual losses due to water borne diseases is P3.3 B .
    • Annual average losses due to degradation of fisheries environment is estimated at P17 B.
    • Economic losses to tourism is P47 B.
  • 15.
    • Declining Water Quality
    • Rapid urbanization and industrialization
    • Indiscriminate land use and development
    • Increasing volume of solid wastes, pollutants and hazardous wastes
    • Unabated extraction of groundwater
    • Inadequate Sewerage and Sanitation facilities
    • Watershed degradation
    • Deteriorating health of river and coastal systems
  • 16.
    • Key Issues and Concerns
    • Increasing incidence and intensity of water related risks such as Typhoons, Floods, Droughts and Landslides
  • 17.
    • What are co-benefits?
    • Realisation of multiple objectives within a single strategy
    Land Use Management Economic Benefits Social Benefits Environmental Benefits Co- Benefits
  • 18. Natural Resource Management & Conservation
    • SO: Biodiversity Conserved in Selected Protected Areas and Their Buffer Zones
    • Program: Biodiversity Conserved in Indigenous Areas (CAIMAN)
  • 19.
    • SO: Improved Natural Resources Management in Targeted Bio diverse Areas by and for the Stakeholders.
    • Program: Conservation of Resources through Enterprise (CORE)
  • 20.
    • SO: Natural Assets Managed for Rural Development and Sustainable Growth
  • 21. Assignment : Conduct a detailed study and explain the following P.D.
    • Air Quality Management
    • Water Quality Management
    • Land Use Management
    • Natural Resources Management and Conservation
    • Submit it in short bond paper not less 8 pages Arial font 12