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Multiple Sexualities

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    • 1. Multiple Sexualities: Intersecting on a College Campus A presentation by Dr. Jason S. Wrench
    • 2. What is Sexuality? McKinney and Sprecher (1991) defined sexuality as “sexual behaviors, arousal, and responses as well as to sexual attitudes, desires, and communication” (p. 2).
    • 3. DeLamater and Shibley-Hyde (2004) “An expanded definition of sexuality would recognize that sexual behavior is one aspect, that other aspects include cognition (knowledge, thoughts, & identity), emotion, and socio-cultural factors” (p. 8).
    • 4. Multiple Sexuality: The realization that there is more than a single sexual path. In fact, modern sexual researchers realize that there is a virtual rainbow of sexual behaviors, attitudes, and desires.
    • 5. A Brief History of Multisexualities ► Greco-Roman World ► Influence of Augustine of Hippo ► Renaissance
    • 6. Institute for Sexual Research ► Magnus Hirschfeld
    • 7. Karl Heinrich Ulrichs Human Sexuality Typology Dionings (heterosexual males) Urnings (homosexual males) Urandionings (bisexual males) Urningins (homosexual females) Dioningins (heterosexual females)
    • 8. Karl-Maria Kertbeny Coined the Term “Homosexual” Greek word “homo,” meaning same Latin word “sexus,” meaning biological sex
    • 9. Dictionary Definitions of “heterosexual” and “homosexual”
    • 10. Dorland’s Medical Dictionary (1901) Heterosexual “ Abnormal or perverted appetite toward the opposite sex.”
    • 11. Dorland’s Medical Dictionary (1909) Homosexual “ Morbid sexual passion for one of the same sex.”
    • 12. Webster’s Second Edition Unabridged (1934) Heterosexual “ Manifest of sexual passion for one of the opposite sex; normal sexuality.”
    • 13. Webster’s Second Edition Unabridged (1934) Homosexual “ Eroticism for one of the same sex.”
    • 14. Alfred Kinsey Sexual Behavior in the Human Male (1948) Sexual Behavior in the Human Female (1953) The Kinsey Reports
    • 15. The Kinsey Scale Please Fill out The Kinsey Scale In your Handout
    • 16. Gay men ( M = 19.24 ; SD = 2.78) 6.41 Bisexual men ( M = 14.00 ; SD = 3.64) 4.67 Straight men ( M = 3.71 ; SD = 3.71) 1.24 Lesbians ( M = 17.45 ; SD = 3.22) 5.82 Bisexual women ( M = 11.88 ; SD = 2.68) 3.96 Straight women ( M = 3.62 ; SD = 2.24) 1.21 Means are based on Wrench’s (2002) use of the Kinsey Scale.
    • 17. Males do not represent two discrete populations, heterosexual and homosexual. The world is not to be divided into sheep and goats. It is a fundamental of taxonomy that nature rarely deals with discrete categories... The living world is a continuum in each and every one of its aspects, ( SBHM , p. 639).
    • 18. Kinsey Report Findings Instances of at least one same-sex experience to orgasm: 37% of males 13% of females
    • 19. Kinsey Report Findings 10 % of males sampled were predominantly homosexual between the ages of 16 and 55. 2 to 6% of females, aged 20-35, were more or less exclusively homosexual in experience/response.
    • 20. Homosexual Identity Formation Vivienne Cass’ (1979, 1984) Six Stages of Homosexual Identity Formation
    • 21. Stage One Identity Confusion
    • 22. Stage Two Identity Comparison
    • 23. Stage Three Identity Tolerance
    • 24. Stage Four Identity Acceptance
    • 25. Stage Five Identity Pride
    • 26. Stage Six Identity Synthesis
    • 27. Heterosexual Ally Developmental Model
    • 28. Stage One Innocence
    • 29. Stage Two Ignorance
    • 30. Stage Three Resistance
    • 31. Stage Four Re-Definition
    • 32. Stage Five Internalization
    • 33. Questions?