LIBRARY AS PLACE Instructor: Alex Cohen Diana Edmonds   [email_address] CILIP Workshop JAN. 2009
This Workshop Is Brought to You By CILIP The Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals is the leading p...
Introductions <ul><li>Aaron Cohen Associates, LTD - Library Consultants </li></ul><ul><li>Alex Cohen, MLS   </li></ul><ul>...
And You? <ul><li>Introduction to Attendees </li></ul>
Workshop Overview <ul><li>Needs Assessment. </li></ul><ul><li>Utilizing Library Space. </li></ul><ul><li>Library Measureme...
Needs Assessment
Library Needs Assessment Library Service Plan Library Building Program Library Site Selection Library Architectural Plans ...
And in UK Public Libraries <ul><li>Modernisation Review </li></ul>
Components of a Needs Assessment INPUTS OUTCOMES GIVENS VISUALIZATION SOLUTIONS <ul><li>Service group: </li></ul><ul><li>S...
What is the Value of Library Space? <ul><li>A new study released by the  Friends of the San Francisco PL  (SFPL) suggests ...
Technology does not always reduce Space Requirements
Information Zone
Aaron Cohen Associates LTD January 2008 Library is a “Place” and a “Set of Services”
Needs Assessment: Profile Users, Staff and Collections <ul><ul><li>Seating Analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Staffing Pr...
Users and Staff “ What gives life?” Appreciating  “ The best of what is” “ What might be” Envisioning Impact “ What the wo...
Traditional Problem-Solving Approach  vs.  Appreciative Inquiry A. Cohen Associates, Ltd, 2008 Problem Solving Appreciativ...
<ul><li>Appreciative inquiry </li></ul><ul><li>Brainstorming </li></ul><ul><li>Metaphor – develop a story </li></ul>How to...
BUILDING THE CASE <ul><li>Make clear what is sought – address limitations </li></ul><ul><li>Visualizing – 5 types of persp...
TRAFFIC PATTERNS  entrance
ENTRANCE TO CHILDRENS LIBRARY
MEETING / PROGRAM SPACE
GRAND SPACE
LIVING EDGE
LIBRARIES ARE MATERIAL INTENSIVE SPACES
YOUNG PROFESSIONALS WORK SPACE
Measurements
ADAPTIVE CHALLENGE Setting Library Workspheres USER SEATS STAFF 50% 35% COLLECTION 15% USER SEATS COLLECTION STAFF <ul><ul...
 
Collection Stacking
Aaron Cohen Associates LTD January 2008 THE COLLECTION AREA CALCULATIONS 3 Shelves high DF stack  - 168 vol. = 64 DF stack...
THE COLLECTION CALCULATIONS Single face stack (SF) 1 Shelf = 28 volumes 1 Shelf = 56 volumes Double face stack (DF) 3 Shel...
April 26, 2007
April 26, 2007
April 26, 2007
BUILDING PROGRAM SAMPLE
Question & Answer Session <ul><ul><li>“What questions do you have?” </li></ul></ul>
Exercise #1   Define Service Measurements for a Library Facilities Plan
Questions for the Group <ul><li>Do you need to reorganize your Library Space?  </li></ul><ul><li>Have you always wanted / ...
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  • 090107 section 1 1050109

    1. 1. LIBRARY AS PLACE Instructor: Alex Cohen Diana Edmonds [email_address] CILIP Workshop JAN. 2009
    2. 2. This Workshop Is Brought to You By CILIP The Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals is the leading professional body for librarians, information specialists and knowledge managers. CILIP forms a community of around 36,000 people engaged in library and information work, of whom approximately 21,000 are CILIP members and about 15,000 are regular customers of CILIP Enterprises.
    3. 3. Introductions <ul><li>Aaron Cohen Associates, LTD - Library Consultants </li></ul><ul><li>Alex Cohen, MLS </li></ul><ul><li>Diana Edmonds, MBE </li></ul><ul><li>Over the last 40 years, Aaron Cohen Associates has worked on numerous library projects including: </li></ul><ul><li>New York Public Library, NY </li></ul><ul><li>Boston Public Library, MA </li></ul><ul><li>Columbus Public Library, GA </li></ul><ul><li>Chicago Public Library, IL </li></ul><ul><li>Atlanta-Fulton Public Library System, GA </li></ul><ul><li>University of Illinois </li></ul><ul><li>University of California </li></ul><ul><li>Stanford University </li></ul><ul><li>Our international work includes: </li></ul><ul><li>The National Library of Singapore, completed in 2004; </li></ul><ul><li>The National Library of Greece </li></ul><ul><li>NATO </li></ul><ul><li>King Abdullah University of Science and Industry Library, Saudi Arabia. </li></ul>
    4. 4. And You? <ul><li>Introduction to Attendees </li></ul>
    5. 5. Workshop Overview <ul><li>Needs Assessment. </li></ul><ul><li>Utilizing Library Space. </li></ul><ul><li>Library Measurements. </li></ul><ul><li>Visual Scan. </li></ul><ul><li>Case Studies. </li></ul>
    6. 6. Needs Assessment
    7. 7. Library Needs Assessment Library Service Plan Library Building Program Library Site Selection Library Architectural Plans A. Cohen Associates, Ltd, 2008 Methodology
    8. 8. And in UK Public Libraries <ul><li>Modernisation Review </li></ul>
    9. 9. Components of a Needs Assessment INPUTS OUTCOMES GIVENS VISUALIZATION SOLUTIONS <ul><li>Service group: </li></ul><ul><li>Stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Staff </li></ul><ul><li>Collection </li></ul><ul><li>User Seating </li></ul><ul><li>Library Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Site </li></ul><ul><li>Visual scan storyboarding utilizes: </li></ul><ul><li>-Photos of the space. </li></ul><ul><li>Descriptions of the </li></ul><ul><li>space. </li></ul><ul><li>-Comments by customers </li></ul><ul><li>& staff about the existing </li></ul><ul><li>space or proposed </li></ul><ul><li>changes to it </li></ul><ul><li>- Design scenario </li></ul><ul><li>- Positive service responses </li></ul><ul><li>Basic and expanded library </li></ul><ul><li>services </li></ul><ul><li>- Design Concepts </li></ul>Each service response should address a simple solution for the zone and a “Big Picture” of the Library environment.
    10. 10. What is the Value of Library Space? <ul><li>A new study released by the Friends of the San Francisco PL (SFPL) suggests that SFPL generates $3.34 in benefits for every $1 spent on its operations and services, if the more optimistic valuations of basic library services are used. By Norman Oder -- Library Journal, 3/1/2008 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2005 South Carolina study on the impact of public libraries found the total direct and indirect return on investment for every $1 expended on the state’s public libraries by SC state and local governments is $4.48—almost 350%. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In Florida, For every $6,448 US spent on public libraries from public funding sources in Florida, one job is created. For every dollar of public support spent on public libraries in Florida, gross regional product increases by $9.08 US. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For every dollar of public support spent on public libraries in Florida, income (wages) increases by $12.66 US. </li></ul></ul>http:// sfpl.org/news/pdf/benefit_study_report.pdf http://www.libraryjournal.com/article/CA6533050.html
    11. 11. Technology does not always reduce Space Requirements
    12. 12. Information Zone
    13. 13. Aaron Cohen Associates LTD January 2008 Library is a “Place” and a “Set of Services”
    14. 14. Needs Assessment: Profile Users, Staff and Collections <ul><ul><li>Seating Analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Staffing Profile </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collection Projections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- existing print shelving /capacity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- media / digital </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Users and Staff “ What gives life?” Appreciating “ The best of what is” “ What might be” Envisioning Impact “ What the world is calling for” “ What should be” Collaborative Work “ How to empower, learn, adjust, improvise?” Sustain Discovery Dream Destiny Design A. Cohen Associates, Ltd, 2008
    16. 16. Traditional Problem-Solving Approach vs. Appreciative Inquiry A. Cohen Associates, Ltd, 2008 Problem Solving Appreciative Inquiry Identify the problem based upon a &quot;felt need&quot; Appreciating and valuing the &quot;best of what is&quot; Analysis of causes Envisioning &quot;what might be&quot; Analysis of possible solutions Hold dialogues about &quot;what should be&quot; Action planning (treatment) Innovate with &quot;what will be“     Basic Assumption:   An organization is a problem to be solved An organization is a mystery to be embraced
    17. 17. <ul><li>Appreciative inquiry </li></ul><ul><li>Brainstorming </li></ul><ul><li>Metaphor – develop a story </li></ul>How to Improve Buildings and Services The Conditions <ul><li>Visual Scan </li></ul><ul><li>Behavior patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Service patterns </li></ul>BUILDING THE CASE
    18. 18. BUILDING THE CASE <ul><li>Make clear what is sought – address limitations </li></ul><ul><li>Visualizing – 5 types of perspectives: </li></ul><ul><li>- linear </li></ul><ul><li>- size </li></ul><ul><li>- texture </li></ul><ul><li>- motion </li></ul><ul><li>- blur </li></ul>Project Definition
    19. 19. TRAFFIC PATTERNS entrance
    20. 20. ENTRANCE TO CHILDRENS LIBRARY
    21. 21. MEETING / PROGRAM SPACE
    22. 22. GRAND SPACE
    23. 23. LIVING EDGE
    24. 24. LIBRARIES ARE MATERIAL INTENSIVE SPACES
    25. 25. YOUNG PROFESSIONALS WORK SPACE
    26. 26. Measurements
    27. 27. ADAPTIVE CHALLENGE Setting Library Workspheres USER SEATS STAFF 50% 35% COLLECTION 15% USER SEATS COLLECTION STAFF <ul><ul><li>Step 1 – Linear Meters Collection – Workspheres </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 2 – Square Meters Collection – Workspheres </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 3 – Number of User Seats – User Workspheres </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 4 - Square Feet of Seating – User Workspheres </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 5 – Number of Staff – Workspheres </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 6 – Square Feet of Staff - Workspheres </li></ul></ul>
    28. 29. Collection Stacking
    29. 30. Aaron Cohen Associates LTD January 2008 THE COLLECTION AREA CALCULATIONS 3 Shelves high DF stack - 168 vol. = 64 DF stacks per 100 sq.m. 5 Shelves high DF stack - 280 vol. = 64 DF stacks per 100 sq.m. 7 Shelves high DF stack - 392 vol. = 64 DF stacks per 100 sq.m.
    30. 31. THE COLLECTION CALCULATIONS Single face stack (SF) 1 Shelf = 28 volumes 1 Shelf = 56 volumes Double face stack (DF) 3 Shelves high SF stack - 3 x 28 = 84 volumes 5 Shelves high SF stack - 5 x 28 = 140 volumes 7 Shelves high SF stack - 7 x 28 = 196 volumes 3 Shelves high DF stack - 3 x 28 x 2 = 168 volumes 5 Shelves high DF stack - 5 x 28 x 2 = 280 volumes 7 Shelves high DF stack - 7 x 28 x 2 = 392 volumes
    31. 32. April 26, 2007
    32. 33. April 26, 2007
    33. 34. April 26, 2007
    34. 35. BUILDING PROGRAM SAMPLE
    35. 36. Question & Answer Session <ul><ul><li>“What questions do you have?” </li></ul></ul>
    36. 37. Exercise #1 Define Service Measurements for a Library Facilities Plan
    37. 38. Questions for the Group <ul><li>Do you need to reorganize your Library Space? </li></ul><ul><li>Have you always wanted / needed / wondered what planning measurements to use? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you need help with reorganization of your library space? </li></ul><ul><li>Would you like to be able to develop a plan for your library? </li></ul>
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