Post Traumatic Stress Disorder M7 A2Presentation Transcript
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder A Growing Concern Jason Murray [email_address] Argosy University
After the attacks of September 11, 2001, the U.S. found herself fighting
a war against international terrorism. After invading the countries of
Afghanistan and Iraq, the military encountered strong resistance from
enemy combatants in the form of an insurgency. The main tactic of
the insurgents in both conflicts was to conduct gorilla style warfare
with the main weapon of choice being the improvised explosive device
(IED.) This style of warfare allowed the insurgents to minimize the
overwhelming firepower that the U.S. military could bring to bear down
on a specific target while inflicting the maximum number of casualties.
Consequently, there is an increased number of service members
returning from Iraq and Afghanistan who have been diagnosed or are
believed to have developed PTSD. This increase in the rate of
individuals with PTSD is now causing concerns in the Veterans
Administration's (VA) ability to effectively treat these individuals while still
providing care for current patients with PTSD
Attacks on World Trade Center lead to war on terrorism
U.S. invaded Iraq to find and destroy weapons of mass destruction
Warfare being waged is unconventional guerilla style insurgency with use of Improvised Explosive Devices (IED’s)
Improved body armor improved survivability of IED attacks
Limitation of body armor leaving face and limbs vulnerable to force of blast explosives
Increased number of traumatic brain injuries and a strong association between Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI's) and PTSD
Increased number of PTSD cases has VA concerned about it’s capability to deal with this increased case load effectively
VA treatment for PTSD
Specialized PTSD programs individual counseling
Non-specialized clinics/ general mental health clinics
VA lacks necessary information to determine it’s own capabilities in dealing with the influx of new PTSD cases
Deployment stressors and exposure to combat result in a considerable risk for mental health problems (Hoge et al. 2004).
Veterans deployed to Iraq reported experiencing more traumatic events such as handling dead bodies, killing combatants, and witnessing a friends death
Exposure to traumatic violent combat has been found to be a primary contributing factor in developing PTSD
Pre-deployment stress-related symptoms may serve as vulnerabilities which could be activated by war time stressors.
Unit cohesion may help to mitigate these stress related vulnerabilities; high unit cohesion lowers the potential risk
Residual stress model of PTSD
Stress evaporation model of developing PTSD
As the U.S. continues to wage war on international terrorism, mental health will remain an important issue
The Department of Defense along with the VA have developed seamless transition program to help deal with rising numbers of PTSD
Research needs to be conducted on the factors that allow a person to be resilient to PTSD
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