PPI Conference: Open Access in Academia

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  • Sociologist
    Previously worked on computer games
    Now looking at piracy as normal, everyday activity
  • Salford University (PhD)
    Stand-up comedy
  • Manchester University
    Centre for Research on Innovation and Competition
    Games research
  • UCLan (Preston)
    COUNTER Project



  • Mostly funded by public purse.
    Market where the raw input come free!


  • 1960s-70s: Commercial publishers start buying top journal from non-profit academic societies

  • Over 2000 publishers
    Glenn S. McGuigan & Robert D. Russell (2008) The Business of Academic Publishing: A Strategic Analysis of the Academic Journal Publishing Industry and its Impact on the Future of Scholarly Publishing

    http://southernlibrarianship.icaap.org/content/v09n03/mcguigan_g01.html
  • Reed Elsevier
    Springer Science+Business Media
    John Wiley & Sons
  • McGuigan GS, Russell RD. (2008). The Business of Academic Publishing: A Strategic Analysis of the Academic Journal Publishing Industry and its Impact on the Future of Scholarly Publishing. E-JASL: The Electronic Journal of Academic and Special Librarianship. ICAAP
  • 413,696 = $16 billion
    http://www.wallstats.com/blog/visualizing-one-billion-dollars/
  • http://www.wallstats.com/blog/visualizing-one-billion-dollars/
  • 2006 report
    http://www.commondreams.org/headlines06/0913-03.htm



  • Registration
    Credit card
  • Stephen King
    Riding the Bullet - 2000
    $2.50
    400,000 copies in first 24 hours
    DRM - Windows only
  • Circumventing DRM would be illegal - DCMA
    http://www.planetpdf.com/enterprise/article.asp?ContentID=6358


  • Publications used as a metric of value for money for public funding
  • ...and then came the internet...

  • Aim to increase access to knowledge outside academic environments
  • Most of these journal born Open Access. New Journals
  • Publishing fees usually waived for developing countries and others in financial hardship











  • PPI Conference: Open Access in Academia

    1. 1. What happens when public knowledge is made private?
    2. 2. Are we happy that the public is excluded from access to publicly funded research?
    3. 3. Should commercial profit come before the free sharing of scientific knowledge?
    4. 4. About me...
    5. 5. Salford
    6. 6. Manchester
    7. 7. Preston
    8. 8. Open Source Publishing in Academia Why is it important to the Pirate Party?
    9. 9. Peer-review Process Research Writing Submission Review by editor Expert reviews Revision 2nd review Typesetting Copy editing Printing/ePrints Distribution
    10. 10. Why do academics publish? Sharing knowledge Transparency Accountability Marking territory Impact Factor
    11. 11. Who benefits?
    12. 12. ‘Serial Crisis’ • Cost of periodical rising • Library funding going down in real terms • Price inelasticity • More research
    13. 13. Papers published by top 3 publishers 42%
    14. 14. Revenue going to top 10 publishers 43%
    15. 15. Value generated by academic journal publishing $19 billion McGuigan GS, Russell RD. (2008)
    16. 16. $10 Billion could buy universal schooling for children in the world’s conflict zones
    17. 17. Copyright is about protecting the author - isn’t it?
    18. 18. What happens when I can’t access or share things I’m the author of?
    19. 19. "As a dedicated and long-term Mac user, I am surprised and a little unhappy at how hard it is for Mac users to access the story."
    20. 20. Impact Factors Citation reports 14,000 Journals Major role in ranking and funding Commercially owned database
    21. 21. No copyright transfer = No publication = Poor Impact Factor = Poor career prospects
    22. 22. Open Access
    23. 23. John Willinsky Professor of Literacy and Technology Open Journal System University of British Columbia Public Knowledge Project http://pkp.sfu.ca 1998: PKP Launch 2001: First OS software launch 2005: OJS v2 launched 2006: 400 OA journals Current version 2.2.2 8 languages Further 10 in development
    24. 24. 300,000 Peer Reviewed Journals 5,000 Open Access Journals
    25. 25. Funding Access Pay per view Publishing fee Institutional subsidy Advertising
    26. 26. Who benefits?
    27. 27. Developing countries Libraries Funding bodies Those seeking transparency Academics seeking citation
    28. 28. Pirate Parties should consider:
    29. 29. Mandating that all publicly funded research is published in Open Access forums
    30. 30. Ensuring this happens in a timely fashion
    31. 31. Supporting mechanisms for measuring Open Access impact factors
    32. 32. Linking research funding to these measures
    33. 33. Supporting self archiving
    34. 34. Ensuring publication, teaching and research rights remains with the author or institution
    35. 35. Research knowledge becomes a public resource Knowledge Economy
    36. 36. Jason.Rutter@soc.kuleuven.be http://www.slideshare.net/Jasieboy

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