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# Linear Inequalities

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### Linear Inequalities

1. 1. Warm Up # 1 (Solve and Check)<br />16 – 6s = 12 + 2s<br />2(5x + 7) = -3x - 12<br />
2. 2. Solving linear Inequalities (<, ≥, ≤, >) <br />Remember What You Know<br />
3. 3. 6<br />4<br />0<br />8<br />2<br />-7<br />-2<br />-1<br />1<br />5<br />7<br />3<br />-7<br />-2<br />-1<br />1<br />5<br />7<br />3<br />-6<br />-5<br />-4<br />-3<br />-6<br />-5<br />-4<br />-3<br />0<br />4<br />6<br />8<br />2<br />There are two kinds of notation for graphs of inequalities: open circle or filled in circle notation and interval notation brackets. You should be f<br />These mean the same thing---just two different notations.<br />[<br />circle filled in<br />squared end bracket<br />Both of these number lines show the inequality above. They are just using two different notations. Because the inequality is "greater than or equal to" the solution can equal the endpoint. That is why the circle is filled in. With interval notation brackets, a square bracket means it can equal the endpoint.<br />
4. 4. 6<br />4<br />0<br />8<br />2<br />-7<br />-2<br />-1<br />1<br />5<br />7<br />3<br />-7<br />-2<br />-1<br />1<br />5<br />7<br />3<br />-6<br />-5<br />-4<br />-3<br />-6<br />-5<br />-4<br />-3<br />0<br />4<br />6<br />8<br />2<br />Remember---these mean the same thing---just two different notations.<br />Let's look at the two different notations with a different inequality sign. <br />)<br />circle not filled in<br />rounded end bracket<br />Since this says "less than" we make the arrow go the other way. Since it doesn't say "or equal to" the solution cannot equal the endpoint. That is why the circle is not filled in. With interval notation brackets, a rounded bracket means it cannot equal the endpoint.<br />
5. 5. Compound Inequalities<br />Let's consider a "double inequality" (having two inequality signs).<br />6<br />4<br />0<br />8<br />2<br />-7<br />-2<br />-1<br />1<br />5<br />7<br />3<br />-7<br />-2<br />-1<br />1<br />5<br />7<br />3<br />-6<br />-5<br />-4<br />-3<br />-6<br />-5<br />-4<br />-3<br />0<br />4<br />6<br />8<br />2<br />(<br />]<br />I think of these as the "inbetweeners". x is inbetween the two numbers. This is an "and" inequality which means both parts must be true. It says that x is greater than –2 andx is less than or equal to 3.<br />
6. 6. Compound Inequalities<br />Now let's look at another form of a "double inequality" (having two inequality signs).<br />6<br />4<br />0<br />8<br />2<br />-7<br />-2<br />-1<br />1<br />5<br />7<br />3<br />-7<br />-2<br />-1<br />1<br />5<br />7<br />3<br />-6<br />-5<br />-4<br />-3<br />-6<br />-5<br />-4<br />-3<br />0<br />4<br />6<br />8<br />2<br />)<br />[<br />Instead of "and", these are "or" problems. One part or the other part must be true (but not necessarily both). Either x is less than –2 orx is greater than or equal to 3. In this case both parts cannot be true at the same time since a number can't be less than –2 and also greater than 3.<br />
7. 7. -7<br />-2<br />-1<br />1<br />5<br />7<br />3<br />-7<br />-2<br />-1<br />1<br />5<br />7<br />3<br />-6<br />-5<br />-4<br />-3<br />-6<br />-5<br />-4<br />-3<br />0<br />4<br />6<br />8<br />2<br />Inequality notation for graphs shown above.<br />Interval notation for graphs shown above.<br />Just like graphically there are two different notations, when you write your answers you can use inequality notation or interval notation. Again you should be familiar with both.<br />[<br />0<br />4<br />6<br />8<br />2<br />
8. 8. Practice Problem #1<br />Spencer has 100 – 2W dollars in his account after w weeks.<br />Sabina has 50 + 3W dollars after w weeks.<br />When will Spencer have less than Sabina??<br />
9. 9. 100 – 2W < 50 + 3W<br />
10. 10. Practice Problem #2<br />One machine can sort 500 cards per minute. <br />A second machine can sort 700 cards per minute but takes 2 minutes longer to warm up.<br />In M minutes of use, <br />How many cards can be sorted by the first machine?<br />How many cards can be sorted by the second machine? <br />For how many cards would it take less time to use the first machine than the second? <br />
11. 11. 500m > 700(m - 2)<br />
12. 12. Warm Up <br />Solve: (Show each step)<br />-5X + 14 ≥ 8X – 25 <br />