Christmas and new years

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  • 1. Christmas
  • 2. Christmas Christmas is primarily a Christian holiday to celebrate the birth of Christ. Christmas is also a civil holiday in many of the worlds nations, is celebrated by an increasing number of non- Christians. Other names for the season: Christs Mass, Nativity, Noel, Feast of the Nativity, and Xmas.
  • 3. Christmas The exact day of Jesus’ birth is unknown. In the early-to-mid 4th century, the Western Christian Church first placed Christmas on December 25 (Julian calendar).
  • 4. Christmas Season The Christmas Season in America is from Thanksgiving until January 1st. After Thanksgiving, families will decorate their homes with lights, wreaths, mistletoe, Christmas stockings and other holiday decorations.
  • 5. Santa….
  • 6. Origins of Santa A number of historical figures - Christian and non- Christian - have been associated with Christmas and gift giving. Among these are Father Christmas, also known as Santa Claus; Saint Nicholas or Sinterklaas; the Christkind; Kris Kringle; Babbo Natale; Saint Basil; and Father Frost.
  • 7. Origins of Santa The name Santa Claus can be traced back to the Dutch Sinterklaas, which means simply Saint Nicholas. Nicholas was Bishop of Myra, in modern day Turkey, during the 4th century. Nicholas was known forgenerosity, and the giving of gifts to children. His feast day on December 6 came to be celebrated in many countries with the giving of gifts.
  • 8. Origins of Santa By the 13th century, the Saint Nicholas tradition was well known in central and southern Europe. During 16th–17th century Europe, Protestants “changed” Saint Nicholas to Christ Child or Christkindl which in English is Kris Kringle. Kris Kringle is another name for Santa Claus. The date of giving gifts changed from December 6 to Christmas Eve (24- 12).
  • 9. Coca-Cola and Santa Claus The modern appearance of Santa Claus is an American invention due to Coca-Cola. In the 1800’s, Santa Claus was drawn in bishops robes. By the end of the 1930s, Santa begins to look as he does now - jolly, fat and wearing a red, fur-trimmed suit.
  • 10. Santa Claus For many children, Santa Claus is the focus of Christmas. Santa Claus lives at the North Pole with Mrs. Santa Claus and the Christmas elves.
  • 11. Santa Claus Every year, Santa delivers presents to good boys and girls on Christmas Eve (24.12) On Christmas Eve, families put out milk and cookies for Santa and carrots for his reindeer
  • 12. Santa’s Workshop At the top of the North Pole there is a toy workshop where all Santa’s elves make gifts for children. Santa has a list of children around the world. If you have been a good boy or girl you will get a toy but if you are on the naughty list you will get a lump of coal.
  • 13. Santa’s Reindeer On Christmas Eve Santa flies around the world in his big red sleigh filled with presents. Santa has eight magic reindeer that pull his sleigh through the night sky. The most famous reindeer is Rudolf. His bright red nose helps Santa see when there is bad weather.
  • 14. Decorating for Christmas Decorating for Christmas has a long history. From pre-Christian times, people in the Roman Empire brought branches from evergreen plants indoors in the winter. In 15th century London, it was the custom at Christmas for buildings to be decorated with ivy and “whatever else is green during the winter”.
  • 15. Decorating for Christmas Nativity scenes are known from 10th-century Rome. The first commercially produced decorations appeared in Germany in the 1860s. The traditional colors of Christmas are green and red. Red symbolizes the blood of Jesus, which was shed in his crucifixion, while green symbolizes eternal life.
  • 16. Decorating for Christmas Other raditional decorations include bells, candles, candy canes, stockings, wreaths, and angels. Since the 19th century, the poinsettia, a native plant from Mexico, has been associated with Christmas. Other holiday plants include holly, mistletoe, and Christmas cactus.
  • 17. Christmas Stockings Hanging stockings is a German tradition. On Christmas eve, people hang their Christmas stocking on the fireplace or on the wall. On Christmas morning the stockings will be filled with gifts from Santa.
  • 18. Christmas Trees Decorating Christmas trees is German tradition. From Germany the custom was introduced to Great Britain. By the 1870s, people in the United States had adopted the custom of putting up a Christmas tree. Santa Claus leaves gifts under the Christmas tree.
  • 19. Christmas Foods Christmas food includes gingerbread men, sometimes people make gingerbread houses. Candy Canes, hot chocolate, and cookies are other holiday foods. As one of the few fruits available to northern countries in winter, oranges have been long associated with special Christmas foods.
  • 20. Christmas Dinner A special Christmas family meal is an important part of the holidays celebration, and the food that is served varies greatly from country to country. Some regions, such as Sicily, have special meals for Christmas Eve, when 12 kinds of fish are served. In England, a traditional Christmas meal includes turkey or goose, meat, gravy, potatoes, vegetables, sometimes bread and cider. Special desserts are also prepared, such as Christmas pudding, mince pies and fruit cake.
  • 21. “Merry Christmas andHappy New Year”