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    CSC107 Exam #1 on chapters one to six Chapter One Multiple Choice ... CSC107 Exam #1 on chapters one to six Chapter One Multiple Choice ... Document Transcript

    • CSC107 Exam #1 on chapters one to six<br />Chapter One <br />Multiple Choice Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Shade in the Scantron form using a number two pencil. Erase thoroughly or use white out for corrections.<br />Information technology includes the use of computers, communications ______________, and computer literacy.<br />groups<br />tags<br />networks<br />None of the above<br />An electronic device that can accept data as input, process it according to a program, store it, and produce information as output is called a _________________.<br />calculator<br />adding machine<br />multiplication table<br />computer<br />Step-by-step instructions are called a _________________.<br />menu<br />program<br />hardware<br />None of the above<br />Small hand-held computers used throughout the health care system today are called _______________. They can hold reference manuals or be used to write prescriptions.<br />supercomputers<br />personal digital assistants (PDAs)<br />mainframes<br />None of the above<br />A tiny ____________ can be put into a human being and can dispense medication among other things.<br />supercomputer<br />personal digital assistant (PDA)<br />embedded computer<br />minicomputer<br />________________ take data that humans understand and digitize it, that is, translate it into binary form of ones and zeroes.<br />Output devices<br />Input devices<br />Storage devices<br />None of the above<br />A/An _________________ manipulates data, doing arithmetic or logical operations on it.<br />output device<br />input device<br />storage device<br />processing unit<br />_____________________ can take complex mathematical data and create simulations of epidemics, pandemics, and other disasters.<br />Supercomputers<br />Personal digital assistants (PDAs)<br />Embedded computers<br />Minicomputers<br />__________________ are used in business for input/output intensive purposes, such as generating paychecks or processing medical insurance claims.<br />Supercomputers<br />Personal digital assistants (PDAs)<br />Mainframes<br />None of the above<br />_______________________ identify people by their body parts. It includes fingerprints, hand prints, face recognition, and iris scans.<br />Biometrics<br />All security systems<br />Both A and B<br />None of the above<br />Chapter Two <br />________________ refers to the use of computers to organize information in health care.<br />Computer informatics<br />Medical computing<br />Medical informatics<br />None of the above<br />_____________________ uses computers to solve biological problems.<br />Biological informatics<br />Bioinformatics<br />Computerized biology<br />Biological computing<br />_____________________ refers to the connection of people and diverse computer systems.<br />Interoperability<br />Systemic computerization<br />Intersystemology<br />None of the above<br />________________ is the use of computers and software to enter prescriptions and send them to pharmacies electronically.<br />Computer prescription<br />Elemental prescribing<br />E-prescribing<br />None of the above<br />_____________________ was passed by the U.S. Congress and signed into law in 1996. Its goal was to make health insurance portable from one job to another and to secure the privacy of medical records.<br />HIPAA<br />HIPPA<br />The Americans with Disabilities Act<br />None of the above<br />Scrambling data, so that no one can see it without a key, is called _______________.<br />scrambling<br />biometrics<br />a firewall<br />encryption<br />What information is included in the patient information form?<br />Name<br />Insurance information<br />Medical history<br />All of the above<br />The federal government has set a goal of the year ___________ for universal adoption of electronic records.<br />2009<br />2010<br />2013<br />2014<br />Which of the following is true?<br />A fully developed electronic health record sends a warning to doctors of adverse drug reactions<br />Most doctors now use electronic health records<br />Most hospitals now use electronic health records<br />None of the above<br />Which of the following are obstacles in the way of adopting electronic records?<br />Cost<br />Privacy concerns<br />Lack of interoperability<br />All of the above<br />Chapter Three <br />The ______________ use of computers includes anything that has to do with direct patient care, such as diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment.<br />clinical<br />special purpose<br />administrative<br />None of the above<br />____________________ applications include the use of computers in education, research, and some aspects of pharmacy.<br />Clinical<br />Special purpose<br />Administrative<br />None of the above<br />_________________ applications include office management, scheduling, and accounting tasks.<br />Clinical<br />Special purpose<br />Administrative<br />None of the above<br />Medical offices must use _______________ billing to accommodate two or three insurers, who must be billed in a timely fashion before the patient is billed.<br />super<br />partial<br />bucket<br />None of the above<br />An organized collection of related data is called a ____________________.<br />relational database<br />program<br />bill<br />None of the above<br />___________________ software allows the user to enter, organize, and store huge amounts of data and information.<br />Word processing<br />Database management<br />Spreadsheet<br />Graphics<br />In a database, a _____________ holds all related information on an entity, for example, a medical practice.<br />field<br />record<br />file<br />None of the above<br />A table is made up of related _______________; each holds all the information on one item in the table.<br />fields<br />records<br />files<br />keys<br />Each record is made up of related ______________. One holds one piece of information.<br />fields<br />records<br />files<br />keys<br />The ______________ field uniquely identifies each record in a table.<br />field<br />record<br />file<br />key<br />Chapter Four<br />______________ uses computers and telecommunications equipment to deliver medical care at a distance.<br />Medical informatics<br />Telemedicine<br />Computer informatics<br />None of the above<br />The Department of ________________ of the United States has spent millions of dollars on telemedicine equipment and installation.<br />Veterans Affairs<br />Defense<br />Education<br />Health<br />______________ treats skin rashes at a distance.<br />TeleStroke<br />Telecardiology<br />Teleoncology<br />Teledermatology<br />___________________ technology involves sharing information in a time- and place-independent way over the Internet.<br />Store and send<br />Send and store<br />Store and forward<br />Interactive videoconferencing<br />_____________________ or teleconferencing allows doctors to consult with each other and with patients in real time, at a distance.<br />Store and send<br />Send and store<br />Store and forward<br />Interactive videoconferencing<br />_______________ involves the sending of radiological images in digital form over telecommunications lines.<br />Teleradiology<br />Telekinetics<br />Both A and B<br />None of the above<br />In ___________, the pathologist sees images on a monitor instead of under a microscope.<br />teleradiology<br />telepathology<br />interactive radiology<br />None of the above<br />__________________ technology can link devices such as a pacemaker and a cell phone.<br />Wi-Fi<br />Satellite<br />Bluetooth<br />None of the above<br />_______________________ saves patients by speeding diagnosis, so that tPA can be given within a few hours if appropriate.<br />TeleStroke<br />Teleoncology<br />Telecardiology<br />Telepsychiatry<br />_____________________ involves the delivery of therapy using teleconferencing.<br />TeleStroke<br />Teleoncology<br />Telecardiology<br />Telepsychiatry<br />Chapter Five <br />__________________ refers to “the study of diseases in populations by collecting and analyzing statistical data.”<br />Pandemic<br />Epidemic<br />Epidemiology<br />None of the above<br />_______________ supports public health practice and research with information technology.<br />Medical informatics<br />Health care informatics<br />Public health informatics<br />None of the above<br />Public health is affected by social factors such as poverty and social __________________.<br />inequality<br />style<br />Both A and B<br />None of the above<br />Information technology can help infection control practitioners in the task of __________________.<br />surveillance<br />outbreak monitoring<br />reporting<br />All of the above<br />Computers can create what-if scenarios or ________________ of what would happen to an infectious disease if something else happened (e.g., if air travel increased/decreased or the temperature rose or fell; if there was an adequate supply of antiviral drugs, if a vaccine existed or did not exist).<br />let us pretend<br />spreadsheets<br />simulations<br />None of the above<br />_____________________ models are the programs that create the simulations.<br />What-if<br />Computational<br />Computer<br />Disease<br />Currently, a program called _____________ is modeling flu.<br />Socrates<br />MIDAS<br />AESOP<br />None of the above<br />A/An ________________ is “an excess in the number of cases of a given health problem. . . .”<br />pandemic<br />epidemic<br />small outbreak<br />outbreak<br />_________________ are organized “system[s] for the collection, storage, retrieval, analysis, and dissemination of information” on people with a disease, a predisposition toward a disease, and an exposure to anything thought to cause ill health.<br />Registries<br />Offices<br />Bureaus<br />None of the above<br />____________________ uses “health-related data that precede diagnosis and signal a sufficient probability of a case or an outbreak.”<br />Counting<br />Syndromic surveillance<br />Computer surveillance<br />None of the above<br />In developing countries in Asia and Africa, ___________ PDAs are used for the collection and dissemination of information, warnings, education. . . .<br />SATTELIFE<br />LIFESAVE<br />Save-a-Life<br />None of the above<br />_______________________ will be a national electronic surveillance system that would allow epidemics to be identified quickly.<br />National Email Disease Initiative<br />New Electronic Disease Initiative<br />National Electronic Disease Initiative<br />None of the above<br />A/An _______________ is a global outbreak of disease to which every individual in the world is susceptible.<br />epidemic<br />pandemic<br />Both A and B<br />None of the above<br />________________ is a microbiology information system developed at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Massachusetts.<br />WHONET<br />WHATNOT<br />WHOBIO<br />None of the above<br />Some of the effects of global warming are ________________.<br />more intense storms and heat waves<br />There are no effects<br />drought in the developing world<br />Both A and C<br />Chapter Six <br />Radiology is increasingly concerned with treating disease. Radiologists who treat disease are called ______________ radiologists.<br />interventional<br />treating<br />medical<br />None of the above<br />Digital images ________________________.<br />are immediately available on a network<br />do not have to be developed<br />can be transmitted over telephone lines<br />All of the above<br />If a doctor suspects that you have a broken bone, which of the following imaging techniques is likely to be used?<br />X-ray<br />PET scan<br />Ultrasound<br />MRI<br />____________________ is used to examine a moving fetus.<br />X-ray<br />PET scan<br />Ultrasound<br />Computerized tomography (CT) scan<br />__________________________ uses X-rays and digital technology to produce a cross-sectional image of the body.<br />X-ray<br />PET scan<br />Ultrasound<br />Computerized tomography (CT) scan<br />______________________________________ machines use computer technology to produce images of soft tissue within the body that could not be pictured by traditional X-rays.<br />X-ray<br />PET scan<br />Ultrasound<br />MRI<br />___________ are used to image brain tumors and in helping to diagnose disorders of the nervous system such as multiple sclerosis (MS).<br />X-rays<br />PET scans<br />Ultrasounds<br />MRIs<br />Relatively new, functional ____________________ measure small metabolic changes in an active part of the brain. It identifies brain activity by changes in blood oxygen.<br />X-rays<br />PET scans<br />ultrasounds<br />MRIs<br />_____________________ use radioisotope technology to create a picture of the body in action.<br />X-rays<br />PET scans<br />DEXA scans<br />MRIs<br />Neuroimaging techniques using _____________ can present a picture of brain activity associated with cognitive processes like memory and the use of language.<br />X-rays<br />PET scans<br />ultrasound<br />MRIs<br />A bone density scan or ___________________ is a special kind of low-radiation X-ray that shows changes in the rays’ intensity after passing through bone.<br />X-ray<br />PET scan<br />DEXA scan<br />MRI<br />________________ is “a system that transmits, stores, retrieves, and displays digital images . . . and communicates the information over a network.”<br />PACS<br />RACS<br />PICOM<br />RADCOM<br />On the borderline between radiology and surgery, stereotactic radiosurgery or _______________ knife surgery is a noninvasive technique that is currently used to treat brain tumors in a one-day session.<br />alpha<br />beta<br />gamma<br />None of the above<br />Focused ________________ surgery does not involve cutting, but the use of sound waves. Studies involve the use of ultrasound to stop massive bleeding and to treat cancer.<br />ultrasound<br />radiography<br />MRI<br />SPECT<br />The newer _____________ knife, because it compensates for patient movement, can be used to treat brain and spinal tumors with radiosurgery.<br />radiological<br />cyber<br />alpha<br />None of the above<br />A Dead Duck<br />A woman brought a very limp duck into a veterinary surgeon.  As she laid her pet on the table, the vet pulled out his stethoscope and listened to the bird's chest.After a moment or two, the vet shook his head sadly and said, "I'm so sorry, your duck, Cuddles, has passed away.  The distressed owner wailed, "Are you sure"?"Yes, I am sure.  The duck is dead," he replied."How can you be so sure"?  She protested.  "I mean, you haven't done any testing on him or anything.  He might just be in a coma or something."The vet rolled his eyes, turned around and left the room, and returned a few moments later with a black Labrador Retriever.  As the duck's owner looked on in amazement, the dog stood on his hind legs, put his front paws on the examination table and sniffed the duck from top to bottom.  He then looked at the vet with sad eyes and shook his head.<br />The vet patted the dog and took it out of the room, and returned a few moments later with a cat.The cat jumped up on the table and also sniffed delicately at the bird from head to foot.  The cat sat back on its haunches, shook its head, meowed softly and strolled out of the room.  The vet looked at the woman and said, "I'm sorry, but as I said, this is most definitely, 100 percent certifiably, a dead duck."Then the vet turned to his computer terminal, hit a few keys and produced a bill, which he handed to the woman.  <br />The duck's owner, still in shock, took the bill.  "$150!" she cried.  "$150 just to tell me my duck is dead"?   <br />The vet shrugged.  "I'm sorry.  If you'd taken my word for it, the bill would have been $20, but with the lab report and the cat scan, it's now $150.<br />